Civil Rights and Other Special Legislation Enacted During the Mid 1960 S Essay

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Civil Rights

The 1960s was a period that Americans remember as being a period bursting with activities and movements. There was a lot that these years brought out. Some of the things that the period is remembered for are the many movements, including the civil rights and hippies movements, evolution of art and music and a promotion of love and peace with activism against the war in Vietnam. There were many uprisings in the society, especially in terms of culture, with regard to politics and socially as well. As a result of this, a lot of change was experienced in society. The movements for the rights of African-Americans became very strong during this period and forced the then president Lyndon Johnston to push for a Civil Rights Act, which was enacted in 1964 by Congress.

Although the enactment of this Act was welcomed, it was not sufficient and thus, more had to be done. Fair housing was one of the things that the African-American activists and those who stood with them agitated for (Magill, 953). A bill to allow for this was enacted in 1966 and this targeted those owners of property as well as developers, financial institutions and all others who were involved in the housing business. These people were the ones who actively discriminated against African-Americans when they sought for housing. President Johnson's government enacted this law so that rules for elimination of prejudice were put together. Some of the federal organizations that worked together with the government on this were the Community Relations Service and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (Mjagkij, 583).

The Civil Rights Act resulted in a lot of good. It removed the widespread prejudice faced by minorities in terms of housing. This was evidenced by a census conducted in the seventies by political scientists, which showed that housing was changing and there was increased integration in it. There was a large amount of unrest by African-Americans in numerous cities in the United States in 1968, and this put pressure on the Johnston administration to do something. This caused the administration to initiate a housing project in which federal funds would be used for the next decade to reduce the cost of housing for about 600,000 housing units. Clearly, political opinion was swinging this way, for in the next decade, over one million houses would be constructed with federal funds for those with minimal income and this would be an action that was championed by the administration of President Nixon (Magill, 955).

American society would be forever changed by the civil rights movement. The Civil Rights Act as well as the Fair Housing Bill brought about many changes for African-Americans. This also improved the lives of other…

Sources Used in Document:

Works cited

Magill, Frank N. Chron 20c Hist Bus Comer Vol 2. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2014. Internet resource.

Mjagkij, Nina. Organizing Black America: An Encyclopaedia of African-American Associations. New York: Garland, 2001. Internet resource.

Grofman, Bernard. Legacies of the 1964 Civil Rights Act: [...papers given at a 1994 Conference..., Held at the Federal Judicial Centre]. Charlottesville, Va. [u.a.: Univ. Press of Virginia, 2000. Print.

Gold, Susan D. The Civil Rights Act of 1964. New York: Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, 2011. Print.

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