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The requirement of sustainable fishing practicing was is now more than ever. There is a need for the endorsement of instruments and approval of programs due to which maritime safety can be promoted. Governments and communities must step forward and work for the protection of environment, reduction of marine pollution and getting rid of environmental damage that is caused by water vessels, both big and small. The rate of the world's fisheries depletion can be compensated only with the application of a bilateral approach (Nuttall).
Overfishing is escalating day by day as fishermen are catching fish and other valuable marine species at a rate that is faster than their reproduction rate. The ever-increasing global demand for seafood along with the meager management of fishing industry and invention of more efficient fishing tools and techniques need immediate measures. If these problems are not given their due importance and attention, the marine ecosystem will be destroyed and the global food security be jeopardized as billions of people consume fish as the only protein source. Due to the use of modern fishing vessels, the most valuable of marine species have started to disappear. Therefore, it is the high time to have a drastic reduction in catches otherwise almost evry species surviving under the water will soon extinct ("Strong Measures Must Be Taken Soon to Prevent Overfishing in Our Oceans").
The coming years are really important as far as fishing industry and its problems are concerned. And there is a lot to be done to overcome the negative impacts it is causing on a global scale. There is still a possibility of reversal of damages caused by overfishing if there is an implementation of strong measures on an international level. The things needed to be done are quite simple for the prevention of overfishing. Firstly, determination of scientific limits of fish catch must be established for single species and the enforcement of those limits must be guaranteed. Secondly, there is a need to modify the fishing techniques that are responsible for most by-catch so that there can be less damage. Another option is to make by-catch unlawful. Thirdly, protection of major ecosystem sections like must be ensured ("Strong Measures Must Be Taken Soon to Prevent Overfishing in Our Oceans").
Moreover, it is also exceedingly important to pressurize the governments, industrialists and those having authority to limit fishing grants and funding that are worth billions of dollars. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) must be established and extended. These are oceanic regions where protection is provided to the natural resources or there is a restriction or ban on fishing. At the present moment, there is only one percent MPAs in the oceans. There is a dire need to increase this number if overfishing damages are to be reversed and corrected ("Strong Measures Must Be Taken Soon to Prevent Overfishing in Our Oceans"). Therefore, protected areas that do not allow fishing must be created as an immediate solution of overfishing. This is because such areas can prove as highly effective in the restoration, organization and maintenance of marine ecosystems (Williams, 809).
In addition, fish trade and commercial activities are to be monitored and policed in a more comprehensive and attentive fashion. This is the need of the time to put a stop to the continuing pirate fishing. Sustainably-sourced seafood must be chosen by the people to avoid any threat to marine species. The marine life damage can be lowered by lowering its demand ("Strong Measures Must Be Taken Soon to Prevent Overfishing in Our Oceans"). This can be done by rising "public awareness through wallet cards, books, and Web sites that help consumers choose well-managed, sustainably caught seafood" (Safina 39). Thus, educating the consumer may turn out to be the biggest step towards conserving the life living under the sea.
Overfishing has jeopardized almost all the fish populations present in the oceans of our world. The continuation of current trends will result in the total extinction of the fisheries within the next five decades. In other words, it means that there will be no fish at all. Regardless of the fact that there has been an alarming increase in the conditions of fisheries all over the world, there are still a number of governments that are spending millions and billions of dollars to make things even worse for the fisheries and the fishermen (Clover A15).
If we want to let the ocean continue what it has been doing for thousands and thousands of years and fulfilling the requirements of the ever-increasing human race, we must keep it healthy to do so. We need to understand that the future of this blue planet of ours is dictated by the environmental essentials like biodiversity, coral reefs, everglades and unpolluted waters which are not merely terms one can find in an encyclopedia. Thus, it is exceedingly important to gain knowledge regarding the preservation of our lands and our waters and to be aware of the resources that can help us in the conservation, maintenance and restoration of the aquatic and marine systems that can keep both human populations and the oceans healthy. Thus, the technology that is being used by people for abusing the planet and the environment is the same technology that can be used for healing it ("Oceans: Environmental Victim or Savior?"). Thus, there is a lot to be done to preserve our environment and whatever we are endowed with.
Allan, J.D., Abell, R., Hogan, Z., Revenga, C., Taylor, B.W., Welcomme, R.L. & Winemiller, K. "Overfishing of Inland Waters." BioScience 55.12 (2005): 1041-1051. JSTOR. Web. 5 Apr. 2013.
Beckham, E. "Overfishing." Environmental Encyclopedia. 4th ed. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 2011. 1228-1231. Global Issues in Context. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.
Clover, Charles. "We are fishing our oceans to death: Want to make a real difference? End fisheries subsidies, says CHARLES CLOVER. (Comment)." Globe & Mail [Toronto, Canada] 3 Apr. 2007: A15. Global Issues in Context. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
McQuaid, J. "Oceans of Trouble." Arkansas Democrat-Gazette (Little Rock, AR). 19 May 1996: J1+. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 09 Apr 2013.
Nuttall, N. "Commercial Fishing Is a Threat to Marine Biodiversity." Biodiversity. Ed. Debra a. Miller. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Current Controversies. Rpt. from "Overfishing: A Threat to Marine Biodiversity." Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. < http://mchoudini.montgomerycollege.edu:3186/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ3010209290&userGroupName=rock77357&jsid=248fa354f596de877d76751e89d2cdde>.
"Oceans: Environmental victim or savior?" CNN Wire 24 Mar. 2013. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Overfishing." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William Darity, Jr. 2nd ed. Vol. 6. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 91-92. Global Issues in Context. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.
Safina, C.. "The Continued Danger of Overfishing." Issues in Science and Technology 19.4 (2003): n. pag. Pro-Quest. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Strong Measures Must Be Taken Soon to Prevent Overfishing in Our Oceans." Biodiversity. Ed. Debra a. Miller. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Current Controversies. Rpt. from "Threat 1: Overfishing." Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 10 Apr. 2013. < http://mchoudini.montgomerycollege.edu:3186/ic/ovic/ViewpointsDetailsPage/ViewpointsDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=OVIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Viewpoints&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CEJ3010209298&userGroupName=rock77357&jsid=96d9645ac089a4088f74bbe8705e1275>.
Williams, N.. "Overfishing disrupts entire ecosystems." Science 279 (1998): 809. Pro-Quest. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
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