Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
They want to maintain that livelihood. And for 90% of the world, being sustainable is a matter of life and death (Agnew n.d.)." To that end in 2007 they Architecture for Humanity launched the Open Architecture Network "an online, open source community dedicated to improving living conditions through innovative and sustainable design" where designers, engineers, and anyone else, professional or otherwise can share their ideas, designs and plans, collaborate, manage design projects from concept to implementation and build a more sustainable future (Open Architecture Network n.d.)
In addition to Sinclair and McDonough there are a wide range of architects and designers who are beginning to understand that their role is not simply to satisfy their own egos or curiosities but rather to help facilitate the sustainability of communities and human society at large. The New York-Based consulting firm Terrapin Bright Green, for example, was started by four architects who recognized the need for policy makers, designers, architects and government to work together to help create more sustainable consultants.
The Rocky Mountain Institute, started by, Amory Bloch Lovins "work in the built environment takes an integrated approach by seeking to increase energy efficiency while simultaneously addressing building and community design, comfort, and health" as well as to dismiss the notion that increasing energy efficiency or taking steps to reduce emissions negatively affects economics, comfort, or aesthetics (Rocky Mountain Institute: Built Environment n.d.)." Their work includes creating residential and commercial sustainability guidelines for Kennecott Land, the fastest-selling community in Utah, to advising on both energy and day lighting analysis and design to aid in the construction of the efficient and LEED Silver Certified Clackamas High School (Rocky Mountain Institute n.d.).
Increasingly designers who were more into pushing the limits of what could be built from a purely technological aesthetic - highest tower, or neatest design - are now more engaged with pushing the limits of ways of incorporating sustainability. For example, design firm StudioDosi, has proposed a double-skinned, vegetation-covered headquarters for the Province of Parma in Italy (Meinhold, Living Exoskeleton Proposed for Province of Parma Headquarters 2010). The proposal includes a number of green building strategies, most obviously a living exoskeleton meant to provide shade and natural ventilation for the real building underneath.
Similarly while living in cities has a much smaller environmental footprint than living in rural and suburban areas, doing so often results in having green spaces. The Spiral Tower, designed by Philipp von Bock, is a family friendly eco tower designed for Berlin to overcome the lack of green space that often accompanies city living (Meinhold, Spiraling Eco Tower Provides Suburban-Style Living in the City 2010). Apartments are stacked in opposite directions in a criss-cross pattern, leaving open spaces for garden terraces (Meinhold, Spiraling Eco Tower Provides Suburban-Style Living in the City 2010).
Similarly the Idea House, "an eco house prototype that reinterprets the socio, cultural and environmental intricacies of the traditional Kampong house embraces environmental technologies in its attempts to become the first carbon zero residence in South East Asia (Green Modular Design of Idea House by Broadway Malyan 2009).
The first intriguing aspect of the Idea house is that it would be made of prefabricated modules both to reduce labor costs, but also to make deconstruction of the home easy at the end of the home's useful life, so the materials could be reused in another project (instead of being merely 'waste') a heavy nod to McDonough's argument that waste is a flaw in human design. Similarly the installation of gray water reuse systems - gray water is water that though unsuitable for direct consumption such as through drinking, cooking, or bathing, is, with minimal processing, suitable for a number of other purposes -- helps reduce the water consumption of the house (Dicum 2007). The green roof garden with rainwater capture system for irrigation provides multiple benefits including reducing building energy use, decreasing storm water runoff, mitigating urban heat island effect in cities, and improving air (Doug, et al. 2005). Green roofs also extend the life of the roof, also serving to reduce consumption.
Another quite visible aspect of this green building is the rooftop photovoltaic system to provide power to the entire house. Currently, most electrical systems are centralized systems powered by either coal or natural gas, in addition to being extremely harmful to the environment these systems lose a lot of energy to the inefficiencies of carrying electricity over long distance transmission lines. Solar panels provide clean energy that doesn't generate greenhouse gases. In addition, because the energy production is localized less energy needs to be produced to meet household needs because little energy is being lost to the inefficiency of transmission.
Sustainability in design is not just a question of high technology, but also of low. Optimal site orientation is a critical component of sustainable design. As the National Institute of Building Sciences Whole Building Design Guide points out, building location affects its sustainability directly because where buildings are 'facing' and consequently how much sun exposure a building gets (or doesn't get), whether there are protective barriers in high wind locations, trees etc. directly affects a buildings energy consumption, as well as indirectly (WBDG Sustainable Committee 2009). The energy consumed by transportation needs of occupants for commuting, the impact on local ecosystems (draining a wetland for example, to build a 'green community' is likely not sustainable), and the use/reuse of existing structures and infrastructures also affect a building's sustainability.
We already know that the path which we are on as a society is unsustainable. The question, then becomes what does a sustainable society look like? What vision do we hold of a sustainable society? As I have illustrated in the previous pages design is an integral component towards imagining an fashioning our sustainable future. As McDonough states it far more eloquently than I: "In the midst of a great deal of talk about reducing the human ecological footprint, we offer a different vision. What if humans designed products and systems that celebrate an abundance of human creativity, culture, and productivity? That are so intelligent and safe, our species leaves an ecological footprint to delight in, not lament?" (Braungart and McDonough 2002)
Agnew, Singeli. "India: Design Like You Give a Damn Interview." Front Line. http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/india705/history/extended.html (accessed April 15, 2010).
Alter, Bonnie. "Sustainable Futures Exhibition Asks Can Design Make a Difference?" Treehuger.com. April 14, 2010. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/04/sustainable-futures-design-difference.php (accessed April 15, 2010).
-- . "Yves Behar and Puma Roll Out The Clever Little Bag." Treehugger. April 14, 2010. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2010/04/yves-behar-and-puma.php (accessed April 15, 2010).
Braungart, Michael, and William McDonough. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. North Point Press, 2002.
Dicum, Gregory. "The Dirty Water Underground ." The New York Times, 31 May, 2007.
Doug, Banting PhD, et al. Report on the Environmental Benefits and Costs of Green Roof Technology for the City of Toronto. Toronto: Ryerson University, 2005.
Environment News Service. "New York City Tallies Its Greenhouse Gas Emissions ." Environment News Service. April 11, 2007. http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/apr2007/2007-04-11-03.asp (accessed April 1, 2010).
Global Footprint Network. "Footprint Basics." Global Footprint Networ. December 03, 2009. http://www.footprintnetwork.org/en/index.php/GFN/page/footprint_basics_overview / (accessed April 10, 2010).
"Green Modular Design of Idea House by Broadway Malyan." Arnewde.com. November 15, 2009. http://www.arnewde.com/architecture-design/green-modular-design-of-idea-house-by-broadway-malyan / (accessed March 30, 2010).
Meinhold, Bridgette. "Living Exoskeleton Proposed for Province of Parma Headquarters." Inhabitat. April 19, 2010. http://inhabitat.com/2010/04/19/living-exoskeleton-proposed-for-province-of-parma-headquarters / (accessed April 19, 2010).
-- . "Spiraling Eco Tower Provides Suburban-Style Living in the City." Inhabitat. April 14, 2010. http://inhabitat.com/2010/04/14/spiraling-eco-tower-provides-suburban-living-in-the-city / (accessed April 15, 2010).
Open Architecture Network. "About the Open Architecture Network." http://openarchitecturenetwork.org/about (accessed April 18, 2010).
Owen, David. "Why New York is the greenest city in the U.S." The New Yorker, October 18, 2004.
Rocky Mountain Institute. "RMI Built Environment." RMI Built Environment. http://bet.rmi.org/our-work/case-studies/schools-and-labs.html (accessed April 7, 2010).
"Rocky Mountain Institute: Built Environment." Rocky Mountain Institute. http://www.rmi.org/rmi/Built+Environment (accessed April 18, 2010).
Sinclair, Cameron. "The Architect's Dilemma: The Architecture of Excess vs. An Architecture of Relevance." The Huffington Post. April 13, 2009. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/cameron-sinclair/the-architects-dilemma-th_b_185031.html (accessed April 15, 2010).
United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Wald, Matthew L. "A U.S. Alliance to Update the Light Bulb ." The New York Times, March 14, 2007.
WBDG Sustainable Committee. "Optimize Site/Existing Structure Potential." National Institute of Building Sciences Whole Building Design Guide. August 18, 2009. http://www.wbdg.org/design/site_potential.php (accessed April 15, 2010).
- Studio Dosi Building Proposal (Meinhold 2010)
(Green Modular Design of Idea House by Broadway Malyan 2009)
This T-shirt is packaged in biodegradable corn starch bags, 720 tons of plastic yearly, by folding them one additional time they are able to reduce packaging by 45%. (Alter, Yves Behar and…[continue]
"Sustainability Is Development That Meets" (2010, April 18) Retrieved November 28, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/sustainability-is-development-that-meets-1898
"Sustainability Is Development That Meets" 18 April 2010. Web.28 November. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/sustainability-is-development-that-meets-1898>
"Sustainability Is Development That Meets", 18 April 2010, Accessed.28 November. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/sustainability-is-development-that-meets-1898
In this regard, Green and her colleagues emphasize that, "The corporate wealth of logging giant Gunns, Ltd. (which controls over 85% of the state's logging, is the world's largest hardwood woodchip exporter, and is worth over one billion dollars) has not trickled down into the state's economy" (2007, p. 95). Despite the enormous range of wood products, particularly its valuable hardwoods, that could be produced from Tasmania's forests, more than
Food Sustainability The topic for this project is sustainability in the way food is processed and packaged. This paper will investigate the cost effectiveness of processing and packaging food in a sustainable manner over the long-term. Industries are slowly making sustainable changes in the packaging of products, but not necessarily in the processing of the foods (Pollan, 2002). Sustainability has been a major marketing factor in the way food is delivered
2007). An Interest in Sustainability To many the term sustainability is the new buzzword, a fad which will dissipate in the complexities of the global community, and to others the concept is foreign. In either case however, the necessity of reaching out and providing information on sustainability is crucial to the amelioration of environmental, societal, and economic problems. To advance the sustainability concept it becomes necessary to limn the discussion in
As Lisa Mastny, an expert for the Worldwatch Institute, argues that sustainable tourism has been a new approach that forces many within the tourism business to take positive steps to "become more environmentally and socially responsible" (Mastny, npg). Eco-tourism has become a modern trend not only because of pressure towards greater environmental initiatives, but that having such a practice will ensure the future sustainability of the industry itself. Mastny
Sustainability in Business Sustainability PowerPoint® Presentation and Paper Sustainability refers to the capacity of a business to have no significant negative impact on the local or global community, environment, society or the economy. These businesses strive to meet the triple bottom line (TBL) which consists of people, planet and profit. This means that the businesses demonstrate their commitment to CSR through catering for people, the planet and profit. For people, it means
Buildings will be required to obtain energy certification. At the current time, construction engineers are the most likely candidate for the job. This being the case, it is estimated that approximately 12,000 engineers will need to be retained to carry out these functions (Coverdale, 2002). As one can see, the EPBD will place a strain on the construction industry in terms of knowledge and the manpower needed to carry out
The biggest problem with maintaining sustainable fisheries levels around the world is gaining the cooperation of other counties. Many other countries, such as Japan and some European nations do not comply with sustainable fishery practices, which means they are depleting the fisheries at a more rapid rate than countries who do comply, and they could fish many species into extinction. However, many countries besides the United States understand the