Crohn's Disease And Treatment Case Study

Length: 4 pages Sources: 5 Type: Case Study Paper: #60727028 Related Topics: Case Study, Disease, Treatment Plan, Nurses Published June 16, 2022
Excerpt from Case Study :

Case Study: Crohns Disease

Crohns disease can often be difficult to diagnose, given it shares many similarities with inflammatory bowel disease (IBS), colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. In this case, a 27-year-old man with Crohns disease has been admitted to the emergency room. Crohns disease is usually initially treated with drug therapy, although depending upon its severity, surgical intervention may be required. Though most patients respond to medical therapy, mainly steroids, with the addition of immunomodulators and more recently biologics agents, surgical intervention is usually required only for obstructing gastroduodenal disease secondary to strictures (Schwartzberg et al., 2019, p. 231). Asking the patient if he has had any surgery, a review of his drug treatment regime, and the degree to which he has been adhering to it (and when he discontinued specific medications) before abandoning it would all be essential in a first interview.

One advantage for the patient in this instance is his diagnosis is already clear, given it is noted that has just experienced a flare -up of his condition due to being unable to afford his medication. Still, even though his diagnosis is clear versus IBS or another possible diagnosis, a series of diagnostic tests should be performed. One common test is a c-reactive protein test (CRP), screening for signs of inflammation (Roybal, 2020). Testing liver function is useful to determine the degree of disease activity, as well as predicting the course of the disease (Roybal, 2020). One of the most common complications of Crohns disease is malnutrition. A complete blood cell count can be used to detect anemia, and iron and B12 levels should also be screened (Roybal, 2020). Since electrolytes, particularly potassium, may be low due to dehydration, an electrolyte panel would likely also have to be performed (Roybal, 2020).

After determining the physical severity of the condition, the nurse should also discuss the severity of the condition and its impact on psychological health. Diseases affecting food, digestion, and excretion can often be profoundly disturbing for a patient, in terms of carrying on a normal social life (Chiba et al., 2018). Avoiding certain foods and alcohol is often necessary to mediate the effects of the condition. Unfortunately, given the patient is…an informed patient advocate. Nurses must uphold the ideas both of beneficence, or benefiting the patient, and autonomy, or ensuring the patient can make informed decisions about his condition. The patients prioritization of cost over health does not have to be accepted unquestioningly, however. One way of conceptualizing the role of the nurse, according to Dorothea Orems Self-Care Deficit Theory is that the nurse will step in when the patient cannot engage in self-care, and the nurse can work to provide the patient with the necessary tools to engage in self-care (Khademian et al, 2020).

Although providing strategies to balance his lifestyle demands with side-effects of the medication and the disease may be necessary, self-care in this instance also involves patient education about the risks of not taking his medication and plan of how to afford them. Patient self-care and education, particularly for a chronic disease, means the patient must be able to engage in self-care after his release, and also understand the future consequences of failing to adhere to an evidence-based plan of medication. The patient also requires emotional support to manage his…

Sources Used in Documents:

References


Chiba, M., Nakane, K., & Komatsu, M. (2018). Lifestyle medicine in inflammatory bowel disease. The Permanente Journal, 22, 18–062. https://doi.org/10.7812/TPP/18-062


Cleveland, K.A., Motter, T., Smith, Y., (2019, May 31). Affordable care: Harnessing the power of Nurses. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 24 (2) DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol24No02Man02


Khademian, Z., Kazemi Ara, F., & Gholamzadeh, S. (2020). The effect of self-care education based on Orem’s nursing theory on quality of life and self-efficacy in patients with hypertension: A quasi-experimental study. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery, 8(2), 140–149. https://doi.org/10.30476/IJCBNM.2020.81690.0


Roybal, B. (2020). Diagnosing Chron’s disease. WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/ibd-crohns-disease/crohns-disease/crohns-disease-diagnosis


Schwartzberg, D. M., Brandstetter, S., & Grucela, A. L. (2019). Crohn’s disease of the esophagus, duodenum, and stomach. Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery, 32(4), 231–242. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1683850


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