Why Militarized Police Departments Create Tension And Fear In Communities Essay

Length: 5 pages Sources: 5 Type: Essay Paper: #67212633 Related Topics: Community Policing, Police Organization, Community Leaders, Police Officer Published May 11, 2022
Excerpt from Essay :

Paramilitary Model of Modern Police

The paramilitary model of policing incorporates a kind of military-grade level of discipline into the ranks of the police so that they maintain better use of force at all times. The goal of this model is to help the officer be a more disciplined public servant who is self-possessed but fully equipped to restore order at times when public disturbances threaten to turn chaotic or violent (Potter, 2013). While the paramilitary model of policing certainly has its benefits, I believe that it also has some limitations, especially when it comes to the differences between police work and military work. It should be remembered soldiers are tasked with engaging an enemy while the police are tasked with serving and protecting the public. The militarization of the police can give communities the wrong impression that their communities are actually being occupied by a militarized police force rather than being served and protected by a police department that truly has their best interests at heart. This can seem the case especially when police departments begin purchasing military-tech directly from the military, which is no longer in need of it. A community policing model should, therefore, be implemented as well to help keep a police department balanced. The paramilitary model can give police the discipline they need, and the community policing model can give police the appropriate orientation they should have towards the community.

In the paramilitary model, the chain of command dictates that decisions are made in a hierarchical manner, just as they are in the military, so that officers take their orders from higher-ups at the top of the chain of command (Cruickshank, 2013). The purpose is to create a more regimented and discipline police department, but to ensure its success it means that the leaders of the department have to be very good at what they dofor in the paramilitary model of policing the department is only going to be as effective as the leaders at the top. If the leaders are well-qualified and effective, some of major benefits of this model are that officers will feel more united and aligned with one another and their leaders: everyone will be on the same page, which helps to give police officers the confidence they require to be able to do their work in the field most effectively. In this model, there is less emphasis on individualism and more emphasis on the mission, vision, values and principles of the police department. The model stipulates that officers represent in their own persons the values and principles of the department at all times and to such a degree that the officer knows full well that any violation of the ethical principles and standards of the department, whether on or off duty, will result in his termination. Every officer is made to believe firmly that his conduct has to be of a very high standard because he represents the department, the city, county or state that he is serving, his fellow officers and commanders, and the people he is tasked with protecting. The recognition of the responsibility and accountability that every officer owes to the department and to the…model can help to make a police organization more disciplined, united and confidentbut it has limitations and downsides as well that need to be addressed through the implementation of a separate model like community policing. The paramilitary model can utilize the bureaucratic nature of command by ensuring that all decisions are made at the top and that officers who implement these decisions in the field are made aware of them and how to implement them. It can create a unified spirit among the department in which every officer understands that he represents more than just himself when he goes into the community. It can help to reduce the risk of escalation when conflict arises and it can ensure that when force is required it is implemented correctly and effectively. At the same time, it can attract the wrong kind of character to the jobone who thinks being a police officer is like being a soldier abroad, just better because there is no need to board a plane and take up root in the Middle East. There is also less possibility for input from members of the community in the paramilitary model. Moreover, it can give the community the wrong impression about who they are with regards to the state: a militarized police department can come across like an occupying force, which never makes a community feel empowered but rather can lead to tensions. By mitigating these risks with the application of a community policing model, too, the police organization can better develop relationships with the community and bring community leaders into a position of…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Cruickshank, D. (2013). Evaluating the paramilitary structure and morale. Retrievedfrom https://leb.fbi.gov/articles/perspective/perspective-evaluating-the-paramilitary-structure-and-moraleFriedersdorf, C. (2017). Footage of police shooting that jurors chose not to punish.

Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/12/footage-of-a-police-killing-that-jurors-didnt-punish/547868/

Greene, J. R. (2000). Community policing in America: Changing the nature, structure,and function of the police. Criminal justice, 3(3), 299-370.

Potter, G. (2013). The organization of policing. Retrieved from

http://plsonline.eku.edu/insidelook/organization-policing


Cite this Document:

"Why Militarized Police Departments Create Tension And Fear In Communities" (2020, April 29) Retrieved June 30, 2022, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/militarized-police-departments-create-tension-fear-communities-essay-2176982

"Why Militarized Police Departments Create Tension And Fear In Communities" 29 April 2020. Web.30 June. 2022. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/militarized-police-departments-create-tension-fear-communities-essay-2176982>

"Why Militarized Police Departments Create Tension And Fear In Communities", 29 April 2020, Accessed.30 June. 2022,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/militarized-police-departments-create-tension-fear-communities-essay-2176982

Related Documents
Police Department Roles and Functions
Words: 1044 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 37326124

In most cases, their duties revolve around statewide investigations, highway patrols, and enforcing other traffic laws. They usually work with the Bureau of criminal investigations in dealing with emergencies, training law enforcement official and social crime such sex offenders and illegal drug abuse and other investigations that go beyond the jurisdiction and resources of the local police (Dantzker, 1999). On the other hand, the federal agency deals with not only

Police Department Organization: The Local, State, and
Words: 902 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 69720481

Police Department Organization: The local, state, and federal agencies are part of the criminal justice system that focuses on dealing with the problem of crime. The main components of the criminal justice system at all levels of government include police, courts, and corrections that deter or prevent criminal activities through arresting, trying and punishing criminals respectively. The local, state, and federal agencies have different functions that are geared towards the enforcement

Police Department Ethics Policies
Words: 2763 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 46843004

Police Codes of Ethics Virtually all police departments have some kind of formal "Code of Ethics," or guidelines that tell the members of the police force what is and is not acceptable behavior. The people these officers are sworn to serve and protect expect ethical behavior from those officers, and in fact there are times when public or individual safety depends on the officers' determination to act in ethical and honest

Police Organization Operations the Police Department Is
Words: 1895 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 9255063

Police Organization Operations The police department is one of the most significant departments in the supervision, maintenance and implementation of the societal order. It is the one that is entrusted with most of the communal maintenance of peace and order through the court orders, the constitution and the police daily routines of community service. The policing system in the U.S.A. has changed quite significantly from the time immemorial when the work of

Police Department Rewards for Defusing Violent Situations
Words: 591 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Corrections/Police - Police Misconduct Paper #: 94318131

Recent fatal attacks by police against unarmed citizens -- in particular African-American males -- have been portrayed as insensitive, illegal, and unnecessary violence by cable news programs over the past few years. And those televised reports (shown over and over) have caused angry citizens to participate in large demonstrations in American city streets. Fairly or unfairly, these incidents have caused citizens to turn against police departments -- albeit most police

Police Departments the Metropolitan Police
Words: 740 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 40469851

Other ranks have their areas of responsibility and control covering a geographic area, a detective division, or a specialized division (Sworn Police Officer Class Titles and Job Descriptions, 2006). The internal structure of the two departments is not that different, while the areas covered and the number of officers in each department varies greatly. The LAPD covers more territory and does so with a smaller force, also relying more on