Social Disorganization and Organized Crime
Developed by the Chicago School, social disorganization theory refers to the relationship between crime and ecology. Essentially, social disorganization describes how the ecological characteristics of a neighborhood or community will impact the levels of crime rates that occur there (Bursik, 1988). An extension of social disorganization theory is Broken Windows Theory, which holds that minor acts of vandalism and abandonment will lead to large acts of crime as it becomes clear to people that small, petty crime is tolerated so why not push the envelope and try to get away with more (Wilson, Kelling, 1982). The idea is that by fixing up and addressing vandalism, graffiti, broken windows, signs of abandonment, etc., communities can prevent crime from taking hold in a neighborhood. The more disorganized a neighborhood is, on the other hand, the more likely crime is to take root because there is no evident force or care on the part of the community to protect itself or prevent it from happening. The external, in other words, shows what is internal -- and people know that and respond accordingly.
Social disorganization relates to organized crime and its evolution in the sense that the more disorganized a community is, the more open it makes itself to organized crime coming in and having its way within the community. Some members of a socially disorganized neighborhood...
The organized crime groups will create jobs and offer businesses protection from outside threats. The organized crime groups monopolize the social disorganized neighborhood. The social disorganized neighborhood creates wealth and power for the organized crime groups. The politicians may play a role in the success of organized crime too" (Social Disorganization, 2016). The end result is that disorganization in society leads to the possibility of organized groups whose actions are unethical to take advantage of the breakdown in order and impose their own system of ethics. For an ethical society to thrive it must be organized because organization and order act as borders and boundaries -- like walls or protective gear -- around a neighborhood or community. When that protection goes, host parasites and predators can creep in. Once it creeps it, it begins to take over by setting up shops, getting involved in dirty politics, infiltrating external sectors of law, order, society, etc., in order to infiltrate and impose its own orientation.
Social disorganization meets the criteria for organized crime very well because it basically acts as a vacuum -- and since nature abhors a vacuum, organized crime can fill the vacuum quite easily, offering to those in…
Organized crime presents certain unique challenges for law enforcement in the 21st century. As noted by Bjelopera & Finklea (2012) in their report to Congress on the history of organized criminal activity in the United States, modern organized criminal networks tend to be more fluid and less hierarchical than organized associations of the past. Organized crime networks are also more apt to outsource critical aspects of their operations, which can
CCTV installation and burglary reduction?) and set out a short list of clear aims and objectives. Please enter Introduction in below text box* How is organized crime linked to money laundering in contemporary society? Over the past years, there has been increased interest in money laundering activities. Money laundering, as defined by Bartlett (2002), is the set of activities through which criminals generate profit by disguising the origin of the profit as
Crime On March 9th, 2013, two New York City police officers shot and killed a sixteen-year-old Kimani Gray, and claimed afterward that he had brandished a handgun at them after being told to show his hands (Goodman, 2013). More remarkable than the New York Police Department's killing of a young black male, however, was the outpouring of community grief and anger that followed the shooting. The following Monday, March 11th, saw
Rational choice theory can in fact encompass the other two previously mentioned theories of criminal behavior due to the fact that acting rational may include conflicting with common culture or joining the neighborhood gang to eventually escape the ghetto. Conclusions Of all the theories of criminal behavior studied so far, rational choice theory is the most applicable to the current state of society in my opinion. Much too often criminals are
This is also known as structural strain which refers to "the process by which inadequate regulation at the societal level filters down" to how a person perceives his/her own personal needs and desires. In other words, this is a type of friction which disrupts social regulation and creates criminal activity (2006, Internet). The third theory concerns how the collapse or failure of certain societal/cultural processes creates individuals with deviant personalities
"While biological and psychological factors hold their own merit when explaining crime and delinquency, perhaps social factors can best explain juvenile delinquency" which "is a massive and growing problem in America." (http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/english/courses/en205d/student7/stud7proj2.html) Reference: Doggett, a. "Juvenile Delinquency and Family Structure" http://facstaff.elon.edu/ajones5/Anika's%20paper.htm Goode: 1994, 1997, 2001, 2005; and Pfohl, Images of Deviance and Social Control, 1985. Social Disorganization at the micro level: Control Theories: Why most don't deviate?" Owner: Robert O. Keel. Last Updated: Monday, October