Native Americans also experienced significant changes to their way of life during this era. The railroads brought more settlers to their land, and cities began to arise in the West. The result was increasing conflict -- and many massacres orchestrated by government forces, as Western Native Americans, who had limited contact with settlers to this point, saw their lands inundated and their way of life threatened, so say nothing of the disease. The conflict, disease and loss of this way of life permanently gutted Native American societies -- they might have been the biggest losers of the industrialization age their way of life all but wiped out.
Working Americans were more likely to work in a factory under dangerous conditions. They lost the dignity in their work -- they were not longer artisans but merely cogs in somebody else's machine. They were more likely to live in tenements -- urban living conditions during industrialization were terrible. Children were increasingly pressed into hard labor during this period, as wages were so low that the entire family would have to work. One change that was more positive for workers was the rise of suburbs, allowing better trained or educated workers to escape the tenements, and there was a proliferation of entertainment during this era as well, including sports, fuelled by the economies of scale allowed for by cities. Such escapes found enthusiastic audience with people who otherwise had nothing but work or drink to live for.
The heritage of slavery held back economic development in the South, because there was reluctant to raise wages for blacks, and this left businesses there with smaller markets. Ongoing social unrest is a legacy of slavery in the South to this day. Reconstruction was a truncated effort in this regard. There was some overhaul of laws regarding the rights of African-Americans, and attempts to rebuild the South, but Southern resistance to these plans and growing northern disinterest left Reconstruction a half-finished project. The ongoing segregation not only left the South economically stunted but created...
During the earlier years after the war, there was the reintegration of the South into the Union, a gradual process that was eventually completed. As noted, Reconstruction itself was never completed and the abandonment of Reconstruction is one of the biggest turning points in American history. Two industrial developments stand out. The first is the development of the railroad and the second the discovery of oil (and subsequent development of the automobile). These two developments sparked the industrialization of American and spurred the different changes noted in this essay. Arguably, a major social change occurred with the backlash to industrialization and corruption -- put together the creation of the AFL, the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire and other incidents led to the rise of the 20th century labor-business dynamic that presided over the greatest economic expansion in the nation's history.
Government policies during this era were interesting, because they were often poor. Reconstruction was a noble effort, but suffered a lack of northern enthusiasm and from southern rejection. Jim Crow laws did nothing to help the state of race relations, further setting the country back socially and the South economically. Government policies during much of the era were so staunchly pro-business that social order suffered, and politicians became highly corrupt. Big business flourished, but many other groups suffered during this era.
Westward expansion is colored by this as well. The government encouraged the buildout of railroads and factories, and provided military assistance to settlers in the West. This opened up lands for them to farm and allowed for the development of cities in the West, but it also devastated the lives of the local Native Americans. Government policies of direct violence towards them resonate negative in Native American communities today. Only towards the end of this era, when government began to respond to citizen anger and tackle corruption, monopolies and other negative effects of industrialization, did the government mount a strong and intelligent response directed at building a better society.
Schultz. (no date). Chapters 16-18.
Industrialization in the 19th Century In the late 1800s and early 1900's, America entered an industrial revolution, meaning that people moved from living and working on farms to working in factories and living in cities. This movement had both positive and negative effects on people. On the positive side, more, better, and inexpensive goods, transportation, and communication were possible. However, industrialization also brought pollution, child labor issues, and crowded cities. Social Changes and
Europe Women's Suffrage Most countries in Western and Central Europe, including Great Britain granted women the vote right after World War I, and only in the Scandinavian nations of Norway and Finland did they receive it earlier than that. France stood out as exceptional, however, no matter that it was the homeland of democratic revolution and of the idea of equal rights for women. It also had a highly conservative side
Prohibition One of the most conflicted points of United States history is associated with the temperance movement, which culminated into a federal constitutional amendment prohibiting the production, transportation, and sale of all alcoholic beverages. The 18th Amendment to the constitution marked the end of a long and ardent campaign to eliminate all the ills of American society. The root of prohibition is seated in the reality of the alcohol, problem in
Modernization of the 19th Century: Modernization can be described as the period characterized by rapid industrialization and urban growth across several countries in the globe. In addition to expanding the scope of interaction and activity, industrialization changes the society into being predominantly urban from being agrarian. Actually, the industrialization period has been widely known as the Second Industrial Revolution or era by many historians since it was characterized by the expansion
He believed asylums should be planned to encourage work, both physical and mental. To get away from the stress and turmoil of the city, an asylum should be erected out in the country where there was space for patients "to work, walk, and congregate. He called for plenty of large windows, one central building, separate buildings for the genders, and separate wings for wards" (Haller & Larsen, 2005, p.
American Involvement in International Affairs Between 1890-1905: The United States of America emerged as the world's super power in the decade of the 1890s and has exercised that power throughout the 19th Century. Since the beginning of the 19th Century, the United States has continued to be the world's super power through which it is considered as the pre-eminent power and country across the globe. The main reason for the country's