Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
" The wildlife result of raising the usual row crops such as corn is well-known. The greatest impact of enhanced corn ethanol would be that much more land would be converted to agricultural use as well as the additional erosion and fertilizer application that goes hand-in-hand with agricultural production. Increasing ethanol production through the use of corn may lead to negative effects on wildlife, the degree of which this occurs based on production levels and if the land put aside for this enhanced production had previously been idle, in a natural state, or planted in other row crops.
Bies (1205) sees the strengths of the ethanol use. However, the use of the product and how it is produced are two different things. President Bush signed the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 that included a provision concerning the Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit (VEETC), in addition to other biofuels provisions. The VEETC gives a $0.51-per-gallon excise tax credit for each gallon of ethanol blended with gasoline. This credit tax was extended by the American Jobs Creation Act through to December 31, 2010. In addition, the Energy Policy Act of 2005 also includes a number of provisions regarding renewable fuels. For example, one of the provisions requires that the amount of renewable fuels, such as ethanol that is blended with gasoline increase from 4 to 7.5 billion gallons nationwide from 2006 to 2012. The Act also extends the biodiesel tax credit through 2008, where fuel blenders receive a 1-cent credit per gallon per percent of agricultural-based biodiesel blend. Also, incentives exist to encourage production of cellulosic biofuels, to reach the goal of being capable of making a billion gallons every year by 2015. Bies (1205) says that "Some research programs have already begun to look at the effect of biofuels production on wildlife, such as the Chariton Valley Project in Iowa, but this and similar work must continue to ensure that any increase in biofuels provides not only green energy but also wildlife benefits." In other words, one cannot go into this situation fast and blind.
Sakr (64) asks pointedly about this quick move to ethanol: "As the rise of ethanol as an alternative fuel begins to stress commercial corn supplies, risk managers need to ask themselves-at what point does sustainability become unsustainable?" He questions what if achieving sustainability in one industry started to actually vie with the sustainability of another? That is, the growing ethanol industry shows that the competition between the creation of the alternative fuels and agriculture is having its own effect.
Imagine being forced to choose between filling your gas tank and feeding your family," Sakr (64) states. This may appear like an unrealistic ultimatum, but a number of analysts and economists warn that this may actually become more of a reality than people would think. Because of the rapidly expanding demand for alternative fuels, corn-based ethanol has become the leading choice to rectify the country's dependence on foreign fossil fuel and develop a better renewable energy source. The hurry to develop new ethanol facilities has been encouraged by the government's request for increased production of renewable fuels. "Everyone from farmers to Wall Street investors have been pouring billions of dollars into the new industry and hurriedly building more ethanol plants." As is always the case, however, it is impossible to throw a boomerang out and not expect it to come back. In this situation, the rapid rise in ethanol production has resulted in concern about the possibility of significant food shortages. Reports state that plants could use as much as half of America's corn crop in the coming year, and the mounting need for corn for the production of ethanol could be much greater than the government realizes. The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), the national trade association for the U.S. ethanol industry, reports to respond to the quickly increasing expectations for ethanol production, the industry will need approximately 60 million tons of corn from the 2008 harvest. This could greatly increase the cost of food products, not only corn, but, for example, meat (because the cattle are fed corn) and other related products. This is not only a problem for the U.S., but especially for developing countries. The bottom line is that it is necessary that in attempting to solve one problem -- the dependence on imported oil -- the country does not create a much worse scenario -- a complete turmoil in the world food economy.
Ethanol can be a positive alternative for the strong reliance on other countries for fossil fuel, as well as the other problems as global warming. However, history shows that humans have the tendency to wait until the problem becomes severe and then go full speed ahead without looking at all the ramifications. In most cases, those who are negative about the ethanol situation are not saying "don't consider it completely." They are saying look carefully at this alternative and how it compares to others and the impact this alternative will have on other factors. It appears that the energy issue is not going to be solved by one silver bullet. It will take a combination of factors in addition to ethanol. Although the ethanol industry is founded on the hope of creating a sustainable, renewable energy it is not possible to also look at the possible negative effects from the high consumption of corn.
Bies, Laura. The Biofuels Explosion. Wildlife Society Bulletin. (2006) 34.4 1203-1206
Dinneen, Bob. Vital Speeches of the Day. New York.(2007) 73.4, 167-171.
Cothran, Helen. Energy Alternatives. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2002
Ethanol Across America. 18 July, 2007 http://www.ethanolacrossamerica.net/
Jozefowicz, Chris. Fuel for Thought. Current Science. (2007) 92.11,…[continue]
"Americans Are Beginning To Be" (2007, July 19) Retrieved October 27, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/americans-are-beginning-to-be-36614
"Americans Are Beginning To Be" 19 July 2007. Web.27 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/americans-are-beginning-to-be-36614>
"Americans Are Beginning To Be", 19 July 2007, Accessed.27 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/americans-are-beginning-to-be-36614
This, along with the older Psalter by Strenhold and Hopkins, was the main influence of the Bay Psalm Book printed during 1640 in Massachusetts. This can be compared with the first musical influences on and compositions by Li Jinhui. The traditional forms were explored thoroughly before new ideas in music were explored. Culturally, the new Americans at the time were deeply religious, following the Puritan tradition on which they based
American Dream understood 1960's/1970's 16, Kennedy delivered a landmark speech at the University of Washington campus in Seattle: "We must face the fact that the United States is neither omnipotent nor omniscient, that we are only 6% of the world's population, that we cannot impose our will upon the other 94% of mankind, that we cannot right every wrong or reverse each adversity, and that therefore there cannot be an
American Expansion Post-Reconstruction America gave rise to an incredibly transformative society and culture. Modernism was beginning to sweep the land with the industrial revolution, urbanization and westward expansion. How did the underprivileged fare in this new America? What were the experiences and problems of the Native Americans, women, African-Americans, and various immigrant groups at this time? Be specific. Was there a gap between the rhetoric of hope and democracy peddled by
American Revolution New American History is full of many relevant events that have made a significant impact on the American History. Despite all the relevant things, it should be noted that America itself might not have been conceived if it had not been for the struggles that took place in the American Revolution. It was the starting point of the American history and the time when people were beginning to find
The United States of America's foreign policy has mirrored its influence and power within the international community. As a small and weak nation, America was forced to employ a regional foreign policy, limited to the North American continent. But as the U.S. grew into a powerful industrialized nation, its foreign policy began to change to include more international issues. Finally, as a result of the need for the United States
American History, 1820-1920 Five positive events that influenced the history of the United States between 1820 and 1920. One of the most important processes that influenced the development of the United States is the process of industrialization that took place after the end of the Civil War. The United States had to undergo an increased process of modernization after the Civil War largely due to the fact that the country was divided
American in the New Millennium, American History The world is in constant change. The civilization that we experience today would have been hardly envisaged by the people living in the beginnings of the 20th century. This is largely due to economic, political, social, and technological advancements. These elements will most likely impact the way in which the world evolves in the new millennium as well. The United States is still considered