Education Has Evolved Substantially Over Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Feminists, like Christine Pizan, who stressed the importance of female education and some of her male feminist contemporaries would mainly remain on the fringes as the classical form of education was reaffirmed as the standard.

In the 1970s, much of the challenge to female education was answered as the tradition of educating all people was accepted early in the development of the U.S. educations system, though it was not an easy transition and according to most inequalities still existed even in the late modern era. In fact there was no official federal department of education until 1979, yet this did not stop the progress of education.

Stallings 677) the marked entrance of women into higher education is thought by most people to be the beginning of the end for male exclusive education but pre-secondary education was available for women from the early part of the foundation of education as a community responsibility in America. (Townsend 712) Though initial involvement of women in secondary education was segregated and even those achieving degrees in non-female traditional fields, such as medicine usually attended secondary schools separately. It was in fact in the 1970s that the greatest scholarship with regard to women in education began to become institutionally accepted, as an outgrowth of the civil rights movement, no doubt. (Furniss and Graham) This is despite a tradition of a majority female teaching force in education in the U.S. "In 1888, an investigator reporting to the Association for the Advancement of Women declared that, whereas 67% of the teachers in the country were women, only 4% of those with administrative responsibility were women."

Grumet 38) Though as can be seen above women were not accepted as administrators, principles and education officials, no doubt the reasons they were late in representation for equal education. "In 1870, women constituted 60% of the nation's teachers; by 1900, 70%; by 1910, 80%. 37 Figures from the mid-1970s indicate that 67.1% of all teachers are women."

Grumet 43)

In the 1970s Dan Lortie's research identified these three themes within the ethos of American classroom teachers: individualism, conservatism, and presentism. 59 the familial and economic situations of the young women who took over the classrooms provided the context for all three of these conditions.

Grumet 55)

The evolution of female education had a long standing history in the American tradition as even the suffragists were arguing for greater opportunities in education for women. Though the tradition continued in a slow expansion of opportunities through individuals like Emma Willard.

The Diffusion of Feminist Values from the Troy Female Seminary (1979), tracked the way in which women's academies, such as Emma Willard's school in upstate New York, created a ripple effect throughout the country, as women pupils became teachers and spread the gospel of female education.

Clinton, and Lunardini 10)

Elizabeth palmer Peabody, also a great name in the fight for education for women was an advocate of self-education, and a writer of great accord who fought to expand education for women and influenced others to include women.

Von Mehren 52) Jane Adams, a prominent social worker also advocated for equality in education for women and moved many into the 1970s to eradicate sexist policy and practices in both education employment and also in the curriculum itself.

Greer 173)

Though the modern expression of education through ideals such as hands on learning and project or portfolio-based learning which acknowledge that learning styles differ among people, not just between men and women and stand away from the banking system of education, where lecture is emphasized and the teacher and the learner do not cross express did not begin until the 1980s and 90s the 70s transformed the education system. The current challenges to the banking system of education have recently been hampered by the introduction of accountability education, where information is again judged by the ability to reiterate it in written form on a test, changes have obviously resulted in a diversity, not before present in education and educators from the 1970s, both men and women are instrumental in this fight.

Works Cited

Brown-Grant, Rosalind. Christine de Pizan and the Moral Defence of Women: Reading beyond Gender. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Clark, Donald Lemen. John Milton at St. Paul's School: A Study of Ancient Rhetoric in English Renaissance Education. New York: Columbia University Press, 1948.

Clinton, Catherine, and Christine Lunardini. The Columbia Guide to American Women in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000.

Furniss, W. Todd, and Patricia Albjerg Graham, eds. Women in Higher Education. Washington, DC: American Council on Education, 1974.

Greer, Colin. The Great School Legend: A Revisionist Interpretation of American Public Education. New York: Basic Books, 1972.

Grumet, Madeleine R. Bitter Milk: Women and Teaching. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988.

Kennedy, George a. Classical Rhetoric & Its Christian & Secular Tradition from Ancient to Modern Times. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Pantziara, Nicoletta. "From Ancient to Modern: Greek Women's Struggle for Equality." Social Education 67.1 (2003): 28.

Stallings, D.T.…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Education Has Evolved Substantially Over" (2006, December 20) Retrieved October 22, 2016, from

"Education Has Evolved Substantially Over" 20 December 2006. Web.22 October. 2016. <>

"Education Has Evolved Substantially Over", 20 December 2006, Accessed.22 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Economic Alternative to Lecture Based Education

    Research Questions: Unfortunately, as promising as the potential benefits of incorporating brain-based, active learning, inquiry-based, hands-on participation, and multiple intelligence-based methods of academic instruction is, comprehensive programs of this nature are largely unavailable on a wide scale, owing to budgetary considerations. However, since virtually every tested addition of multidimensional instruction has been associated with beneficial results (Schroeder & Spannagel 2006), intuition would suggest that the addition of instruction via educational programming

  • Application of a Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to...

    Pedagogic Model to the Teaching of Technology to Special Education Students Almost thirty years ago, the American federal government passed an act mandating the availability of a free and appropriate public education for all handicapped children. In 1990, this act was updated and reformed as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which itself was reformed in 1997. At each step, the goal was to make education more equitable and more

  • Nike Athletic Apparel Company

    Nike apparel company is a steadfast company in the minds of most athletic gear and apparel consumers and in the industry as a whole, with substantial earnings growth even in the last few years of recession it has still managed to record substantial growth. The company has even coined household phrases like "Just Do It" a mark of American influence over the global market. Much of this success has

  • English by Time to Borrow

    (60) The Norman conquest had forever altered the face of history and the face of the English language. Middle English The period thought of as the Middle English period roughly from 1150-1500 is a period that is demonstrative of the massive changes associated with the Norman conquest. Though there is some evidence that French did not completely overtake English in common or official use the language had a great influence upon English

  • Special Education Until 1975 Disabled

    S. Office of Education (Osgood 1999). Each federal act preceding the Education for All Handicapped Children Act freed up funds for special education training programs and for special education programs themselves. Moreover, the legislation raised awareness about the breadth and diversity of the disabled community and helped to reduce stigma. President Johnson followed well in the footsteps of his predecessor by establishing the Committee on Mental Retardation and helping to pass

  • Distance Education Man Has Always Thirsted for

    Distance Education Man has always thirsted for education and improvement of self. The ability to cognate and reason distinguishes man as superior to other species. From the Greeks to the Romans in Europe, to the Chinese and the Indians in the Asian subcontinent, to the American Indian tribes of North America and the Mayans from South America, ecivilization has displayed formal or informal educational structures. These edifices were the building blocks

  • Information Technology Security Over the Last Several

    Information Technology Security Over the last several years, the Internet has evolved to the point that it is a part of any organizations activities. As both governments and businesses are using this new technology, to store as well as retrieve significant amounts of information. However, this heavy reliance on various IT related protocols are having adverse effects on these organizations. As they are facing increasing amounts of threats from cyber

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved