(Frederickson, 2000, p. 3) Police forces became the fodder for systematic research on the need for and development of improved minority representation in public service as well as a frequently attached public entity with regard to minority status in the community. (Frederickson, 2000, p. 3) As early as the 1960s and 70s police forces all over the nation began to be scrutinized for limiting their hiring pool to white males and began to make changes to support the reduction of this reality. (Broadnax, 2000, p. xx) (Kogut & Short, 2007, p. 197) This is true despite the fact that only a small percentage of police forces work under the direct jurisdiction of the federal government as accountability to fairness is seen as essential and core to police service. The truth of this sentiment is well established and fully supported in many groups especially as disparities, especially regarding race are a persistent and growing line of inquiry in the research associated with policing and corrections. "Minorities are gravely over-represented in every stage of the criminal process -- from pedestrian and automobile stops, to searches and seizures, to arrests and convictions, to incarceration and capital punishment." (Luna, 2003, p. 183)
The development of police forces within the guidelines of public scrutiny as one of the most significant and public hiring authorities in the public sector has created a hiring protocol that though variant to some degree is similar in most agencies and is reflective of public demand for diversity in representation. Many would likely call the last frontier of this more egalitarian hiring process the active recruitment and hiring of American's with disabilities as modern definitions and understanding of disabilities broadens and more reactively responds to reality. Of course the police force cannot reasonable hire a beat cop who is in a wheelchair, at this stage, line of duty accidents as well as other community action oriented situations have forced the police force to take a closer look at where and when these individuals can be productively employed within the department and how they must change policy to accommodate this change. There was a time not long ago where an individual if injured on the job was automatically assumed to go home and collect pension, if any permanent disability was garnered from the event. This is clearly changing as police departments adapt to full diversity on the force and respond to the 1992 ADA as well as other legislation. Even today, when affirmative...
Police departments to some degree, are called upon to respond to this disparity, even though their recruitment and hiring practices are only the most public of the aspects of the problem. In other words, there may be a time when affirmative action according to community demand is even more stringently enforced in policing than it is today, to help publicly mitigate the many and varied reasons for institutional discrimination in policing and corrections. The whole of the public has yet to formally respond to the extreme minority disparities in police enforcement and corrections but it is likely that the day is coming when they will and police departments will likely be at the head of the class in an attempt to help resolve some of these persistent problems.
Broadnax, W.D. (Ed.). (2000). Diversity and Affirmative Action in Public Service. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Frederickson, H.G. (2000). Part One Representative Bureaucracy and Equal Employment Opportunity. In Diversity and Affirmative Action in Public Service, Broadnax, W.D. (Ed.) (pp. 1-4). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Hahn, H., & Jeffries, J.L. (2003). Urban America and Its Police: From the Postcolonial Era through the Turbulent 1960s. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado.
Kogut, C.A., & Short, L.E. (2007). Affirmative Action in Federal Employment: Good Intentions Run Amuck?. Public Personnel Management, 36(3), 197.
Kurke, M.I. & Scrivner, E.M. (Eds.). (1995). Police Psychology into the 21st Century. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Luna, E. (2003). Race, Crime…
(Kogut & Short, 2007, p. 197) This is true despite the fact that only a small percentage of police forces work under the direct jurisdiction of the federal government as accountability to fairness is seen as essential and core to police service. The truth of this sentiment is well established and fully supported in many groups especially as disparities, especially regarding race are a persistent and growing line of inquiry in the research associated with policing and corrections. "Minorities are gravely over-represented in every stage of the criminal process -- from pedestrian and automobile stops, to searches and seizures, to arrests and convictions, to incarceration and capital punishment." (Luna, 2003, p. 183)
The work of police officers spans a broad range of activities. It involves working with communities and undertaking activities to detect crime, prevent it and prosecute offenders. A police officer needs to have integrity, be flexible, honest and determined. One also needs to be physically fit in order to deal with the daily challenges of the job. Communication skills and the ability to take initiative to employ practical solutions to
Recruiting and Retaining Police Officers: • Discuss the difficulties in recruiting, selecting, and retaining police officers. What suggestions can you offer for improving the recruitment, selection, and retention of qualified police officers? Be specific about the traits you would seek in new recruits, and why. According to the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) report entitled Hiring and keeping police officers, financial cutbacks and negative publicity (particularly in regards to racial profiling) coupled
Patrol crafts would be deployed along the coastal areas waiting to act upon any information provided to confiscate drugs and arrest drug traffickers. For this purpose, the city police would be armoured with 2 well-equipped fast patrol crafts. Communication services between the stations and the patrol crafts would be state of the art including GPS systems and radar networks to facilitate identifying and tracking down of suspicious activity in
" Candidates have to undergo personal interviews, medical examinations, "counterintelligence-scope polygraph examination," urinalysis test to screen for possible illegal drug use, and other procedures that the agency finds necessary to meet suitability, security and other educational, technical and work qualifications. (Carland; Faber, 2008); (Richfield, 2007) Amongst all civilian federal agencies, one of the most recent ones is the Department of Homeland Security -- DHS which deals with Homeland Defense. This agency
Washington D.C. Police Department Washington D.C. Metropolitan Police Department Washington D.C. is the nation's capital, and thus holds a special responsibility in terms of providing the ultimate image of safety and enforcement of American ideals. The Metropolitan Police Department of Washington D.C. is in charge of keeping that esteemed community safe. Today, the department is in the top ten largest police organizations throughout the country (Metropolitan Police Department 2012). Being "founded in
Indeed, even the most outspoken critics of law enforcement will likely be the first to dial "9-1-1" when their homes are being burglarized or members of their families are being attacked, but the fact remains that many police department remain primarily white and male in composition. The impetus for effecting substantive changes in the composition of the nation's police forces will therefore need to be mandated in order for