The act gives the Department of Education the right to withhold funding if it believes a school, district, or even a state is not complying and is making no effort to comply." (New York Times, Teachers Dig Deeper to Fill Gap in Supplies, 2002).
Because the American Constitution does not contain any legislations on education, the U.S. government can not exercise its controlling role over the educational system. However, given the fact that the U.S. As a country financially supports the educational process and most of its institutions, the government can influence the decisions made by universities and colleges. In other words, "the federal government uses the threat of decreased funding to enforce laws pertaining to education." (the U.S. Department of Education, the Federal Role in Education, 2006)
Even if America has produced many valuable science and literary men, the sad fact remains that the overall statistics reveal that "the national results in international comparisons have often been below the average of developed countries. In addition, many business leaders have expressed concerns that the quality of education given in the U.S. system is generally below acceptable standards, and should be adapted in order to conform to the needs of an evolving world." (National Center for Education Statistics, International Outcomes of Learning in Mathematics Literacy and Problem Solving, 2005).
5. Changes in the educational system mixture of the above mentioned issues led to a migration of the educational system from a student based activity to a marketing activity. The curricular dispute is now of public interest and along with funding led to an increased desire to attract more students. These students would pay rather high scholarly taxes and would contribute to the further development of the institutions.
By applying in practice what they used to teach, universities were able to enlarge the number of students and improve their images to their public. However, this process required some sacrifice from the part of the students which mostly revolved around less accent on the tutorial process, taking all forms from exaggerate expectations to insufficient assistance.
Professor Deborah Holdstein analyzed the recent developments in the American educational system in her book Challenging Perspectives: Reading Critically About Ethics and Values. Her general advice to all readers is to open their eyes and minds to all available possibilities and try to understand not only the outcome of a process, but also its hidden reasons and consequences.
Challenging Perspectives encourages students to grapple with their own views of the world as they are challenged by moral and ethical issues suggested by or directly discussed in a particular selection. Students gain a solid foundation in constructive questioning and analysis, giving them the confidence to take on complex issues that come up in reading and in daily life."(Powells, Book review)
In a nutshell, while trying to cope with the technological and social development, the educational system was forced to take numerous courses of action which affected in both good and bad the students. They must not be discouraged by this, but should clearly analyze the process and by analyzing it they would be able to perfect their critical eye as well develop an appreciation for moral rules and values.
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