Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
But the threshold nuclear-weapons states will not give up their nuclear option without seeing proof of a timetabled move towards a nuclear-free world. The road towards the nuclear-free destination includes still deeper reductions in the nuclear arsenals of the five nuclear-weapons states; further constraints on the deployment of their nuclear weapons on the territories of other states, for example by means of regional nuclear-weapon-free zones; the entry into force of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; the negotiation of a ban on missile test flights and on the production of fissile materials; and so on.
One point that Thakur also makes if that this development of strategic and cultural demands is not achievable unless the demand is global, and includes a zero tolerance policy, which will allow the situation to be more easily investigated and confiremed.
International agreement will be much easier to achieve on a zero than on a low-limit nuclear weapons regime. An agreement which freezes the right of the existing nuclear-weapons states to retain their nuclear-weapons capability indefinitely is simply not politically sustainable. Verification of zero nuclear weapons will also be easier than of low limits on their numbers. The only guarantee against the threat of nuclear war is the complete elimination of nuclear weapons. They are the common enemy of mankind.... nuclear weapons... cannot be disinvented. (Chemical weapons are probably easier to reinvent, given how commonly used their ingredients are around the house.) but like them, nuclear weapons too can be outlawed under an international regime that ensures strict compliance through effective and credible inspection, verification and control regimes. In most contexts, a step-by-step approach is the best policy. But such caution can be fatal if the need is to cross a chasm. In the case of nuclear weapons, the chasm that needs to be leaped across is the mental conditioning of national and world security resting on weapons of maximum insecurity.
The proposed problems often include such sweeping non-conditional statements that are unlikey to really be passed or implemented given the extremely complicated nature of the situation and the number of players and potential players in it, all with different degrees of investment and agendas.
One possibility is an international treaty signed by all states providing for the destruction of all national nuclear stockpiles; the establishment of an international inspection procedure to see that no nuclear weapons are produced secretly; and the establishment of an international force equipped with, say, fifty nuclear weapons to be used only by order of the U.N. Security Council against any country found to be violating the treaty by building nuclear weapons. This U.N. nuclear force would be used only as a last resort, after diplomatic and political efforts had failed, and then only if circumstances were such that a conventional force would not be able to accomplish the task of disarming the rogue country. As a practical matter, the U.N. force would probably serve solely as a deterrent and an earnest of U.N. intentions.
The ethical and moral issues associated with disarmament are as diverse as those associated with the strategic and power centered models, many groups for and against the utilization of nuclear technology are outspoken and all have various messages. One of the most morally inept arguments in favor of keeping nuclear weapons is that the deterrence of war is worth the concern, yet no body really believes that a major power would even really use such weapons, as they are far more aware of the whole of their damaging effects than ever before and know that million if not billions innocent lives would be destroyed and the world would be put in serious environmental crisis. The deterrent argument also does not effect those rouge states or terrorist organizations that would be seeking weapons, as they do not necessarily have the same motive for abstention of their use. In the case of the terrorist question, their goals are not based upon material earthly goals or on the defense of their own lives and therefore deterrence is a mute point. Just like deterrence doesn't really work in the case of the death penalty, as the people who commit acts that warrant it do not either care about their subsequent death or do not think they will ever really be put to death. If they have the forethought to believe they will be put to death for their crimes than they would have the forethought not to commit them in the first place.
From a Christian standpoint, the ideas associated with deterrence have finally been abandoned, as many more people come to terms with the potential conclusion of the utilization of a single nuclear weapon as an affront to God, as destruction of what God has built is a direct moral failing and the existence of items that can do this destruction is also therefore an affront to God.
In working groups 5 and 6, ethics and ecclesiology were bound together within the Life and Work tradition on the basis of the threats to the life of the world -- and thereby to our Christian confession of "Jesus Christ -- the Life of the World."... In the report from working group 5 the issue of status confession is very clear: Nuclear deterrence, as the strategic doctrine which has justified nuclear weapons in the name of security and war prevention, must now be categorically rejected as contrary to our faith in Jesus Christ who is our life and peace.(26)for the first time the two "streams" of Faith and Order and Life and Work are brought together in the Programme Guidelines Committee's proposal "to engage member churches in a conciliar process of mutual commitment (covenant) for justice, peace and the integrity of all creation"(27)
The possibility of the destruction that nuclear weapons could and have done to the world is enough to sway many Christians to believe that their existence is contrary to the word of God and therefore not to be tolerated.
One demonstrative solution to the problem of nuclear disarmament is seeded in education, as educating people about the threat created by the existence of nuclear weapons, as well as the existing stockpiles and diplomatic problems will likely make them more aware of the need for individual action. Pressuring the national and international communities has proven effective in the past, with regard to weapon use, consider chemical and biological weapon bans. In the following student survey there is wisdom, that outlines the complicated and simple nature of the question.
Only 25% said that continuing development of new nuclear weapons is important for our security (36% disagreed and 39% were undecided). Many students were in favor of plans to stop producing or to decrease nuclear weapons. For example, 50% of the students were in favor of Richard Garwin's proposal to reduce the nuclear stockpile by 96% if he were correct about the United States still being able to deter the U.S.S.R. from attacking. Seventy-five percent agreed or mostly agreed that weapons should be banned from space. Eighty-nine percent of the students felt that we should make a "no first use" pledge. (Interestingly, 78% did not know that we have not made such a pledge.) Although the subjects did support nuclear reduction, they were not in favor of unilateral disarmament (56% opposed). Furthermore, they felt that we did need greater military power than the U.S.S.R. (49% favored) and that having enough invulnerable nuclear weapons so that we could strike back after a nuclear attack was important to our security (50% favored).
Sunday, and Lewin 100)
Though solutions to the problem are complicated and multifaceted, almost requiring a degree in fifteen different subjects to understand, educating the public about expenditures and effects of this powerful and antiquated weaponry is clearly the best possible way to help solve the problem.
Best, Geoffrey. "Winston Churchill the H-Bomb & Nuclear Disarmament: Geoffrey Best Considers Winston Churchill's Growing Alarm about the Possibility of Nuclear War, and His Efforts to Ensure That Its Horrors Never Happened." History Today Oct. 2005: 37.
Brookings Institute website " Estimated 1998 Expenditures on U.S. Nuclear Weapons and Weapons-Related Programs" at http://www.brookings.edu/fp/projects/nucwcost/curspend.htm
Brookings Institute website "50 Facts About U.S. Nuclear Weapons" at http://www.brook.edu/FP/PROJECTS/NUCWCOST/50.htm
Disarmament, Nuclear." The Columbia Encyclopedia. 6th ed. 2004.
Hilsman, Roger. From Nuclear Military Strategy to a World without War: A History and a Proposal. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1999.
Lodberg, Peter. "The History of Ecumenical Work on Ecclesiology and Ethics." The Ecumenical Review 47.2 (1995): 128.
Mayer, Donald O. "Corporate Governance in the Cause of Peace: An Environmental Perspective." Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 35.2 (2002): 585.
Nuclear Weapons Proliferation website MSNEncarta at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_701702692_1/Nuclear_Weapons_Proliferation.html
Smith, Ron. "The Abolition of Nuclear Weapons: Possibilities and Practicalities." New Zealand International Review 22.1 (1997): 9.
Sunday, Suzanne R., and Miriam Lewin. "Chapter 1 Integrating Nuclear Issues into the Psychology Curriculum." Perspectives on Nuclear War and Peace Education. Ed. Robert Ehrlich. New York:…[continue]
"Nuclear Disarmament Using The Tools" (2007, March 28) Retrieved December 2, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/nuclear-disarmament-using-the-tools-39016
"Nuclear Disarmament Using The Tools" 28 March 2007. Web.2 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/nuclear-disarmament-using-the-tools-39016>
"Nuclear Disarmament Using The Tools", 28 March 2007, Accessed.2 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/nuclear-disarmament-using-the-tools-39016
That said, Even if those countries do not actually build nuclear bombs, they could still decide to develop latent nuclear weapon capabilities as a type of insurance policy. This is not a new realization. For instance, the Baruch Plan, which was brought before the United Nations in 1946, attempted to place controls on fissile material and dual-use nuclear technologies. While that plan was stillborn, recent years have seen renewed efforts
Iran Instability in Iran In talking about the influence that Iran's nuclear program has on the overall stability in the region of Middle East, it is essential to tell apart between the cycles of time relevant to Iranian quest for nuclear weapons acquisition as well as the Iranian realization and application of nuclear weapons systems. Both cycles should be thought about distinctly simply because they are very different when it comes to
Terrorism Influences Terrorism has no specific definition and its definition largely depends upon the viewpoint of an individual for example Samuel Adams (a well-known revolutionary fireband) or Thomas Gefferson would have been terrorist from British perspective but they have been Great heroes from American perspective. Take the case of George Washington who was previously fighting with British army against French and was loyalist of British crown but later on he sought
8). Likewise, the Institute of Agriculture required a quorum of two-thirds of its members for voting purposes and for the balancing of votes according to the size of the budgetary contributions (Bowett, 1970). While this analysis of these early forms of public international unions is not complete, it does suggest that they were beginning to identify the wide range of interests involved in modern international commerce and what was required
Media Has Shaped the Ages through Music: Music is a medium that has shaped the ages in relation to its significant role in social movements. Actually, music has acted as one of the various methods and vehicles through which social movements have existed and developed. The role and significance of music in shaping the ages is primarily attributed to the fact that it represents more than entertainment as it has
This when the Army must spread out its resources to engage threat WMDs and WMD networks. The concept applies to counterforce operations, sensors, protection, and training. Leveraging new technologies. Many of the required capabilities presented in the strategy will be possible only through applications of new technology. The Army must leverage these new technologies. Enhance training. Unit training is currently more flexible and quickly adaptive in comparison with institutional training. but,
Prospects of a brighter future for Cote d'Lvoire Cote d' Lvoire has finally recovered from a decade old socio-political crisis which plagued it from 2002-2011. This crisis hindered the almost all efforts in attaining the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). The MDG indicators have shown a decrement in performance over the past years. Now growth is on its way and relations are being established with international financial institutions. The MDG goals will