Analysis Of W E B Du Bois Essay Against The Atlanta Compromise Essay

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DUBOIS "OF MR. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON AND OTHERS"

In 1895 Booker T. Washington gave his Atlanta Compromise speech that traded political and voting rights for economic rights. In 1901, W. E. B. Du Bois, wrote "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others," arguing against that compromise and for racial equality. Du Bois' argument is successful because of its structure, tone, support and proof of success.

Du Bois' "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others" is a successful argument. Talking about a speech Mr. Washington gave, Du Bois criticized Washington for compromising too much. Born a slave in the south and allowed to attend school when education was not a civil right for blacks, Washington was educated at Hampton Institute (A & E Television Networks, LLC). He gave his Atlanta Compromise speech in 1895 to a mainly white audience during the Post-Reconstruction hostilities between whites and blacks (A & E Television Networks, LLC). Washington said that politics was for mainstream society and African-Americans should be separate and not involve themselves in...

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Washington urged them to accept an unequal place in society. Washington saw it as a bargain he had to strike: he was willing to trade political and voting rights for economic rights, while secretly funding civil rights litigation. Unfortunately, his speech was used by white segregationists to bolster their position (A & E Television Networks, LLC).
Du Bois' experiences were different and that may be at least one reason for his different view of black-white relations. Du Bois was not born a slave. He grew up in the North in a more diverse society, received his Bachelor of Arts degree from Fisk University and his Masters and Doctorate from Harvard University (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). Instead of reacting backward to slavery and the violence after the Reconstruction, he though forward to equal rights for blacks. As a member of the Niagara Movement that was dedicated to equality, Du Bois wrote his 1901 criticism of Washington's compromise.

Du Bois' argument is successful because of its structure, tone, support and proof of success. The structure of his argument is very methodical and effective. He lists the things that Washington gave away in his compromise: the right to vote; civic equality; and the education of youth according to ability. Then he showed the costs of that compromise: the disfranchisement of the Negro; the legal creation of a distinct status of civil inferiority for the Negro; and the steady withdrawal of…

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Works Cited

A & E Television Networks, LLC. "Booker T. Washington." 1991. www.history.com. Web. 21 May 2016.

Du Bois, W. E. B. "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others." 1 December 2014. grammar.about.com. Web. 21 May 2016.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. "NAACP History: W. E. B. Du Bois." 2016. www.naacp.org. Web. 21 May 2016.


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