Juvenile Detention And Corrections Standards Article Critique

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Children Type: Article Critique Paper: #68497114 Related Topics: American Corrections, Juvenile Delinquency, Corrections, Juvenile Justice
Excerpt from Article Critique :

Juvenile Detention Standards

Juvenile Delinquency

Identification

The article by Livers & Kehoe (2012) is quite contemporary and that is one of the main themes of the article. The subject of their research lies in the standards of juvenile detention centers and facilities. They focus upon the history of corrections, the history of juvenile corrections, and the history of the standards of juvenile corrections. In American history, the history of juvenile corrections begins in the first quarter of the 20th century. The American corrections system originated in the 19th century, seeing a great deal of change and evolution during its more than a century of history. Livers & Kehoe discuss the organizations and agencies that influenced the development and philosophy practiced in juvenile detention centers. They plot a clear timeline of juvenile corrections history and provide transparent explanations of the direct contributions made by advocacy & administrative groups to establish, maintain, and constantly revise of the standards practiced in juvenile corrections facilities.

Summary

The authors very much want the reader to have a historical awareness of the juvenile correction system and of correctional standards. They begin with a history of corrections overall. They make the point of how initially there was no system of corrections for

...

An important historical event for Livers & Kehoe is the establishment of the U.S. Children's Bureau. This was one of the first groups to advocate and publish formal documentation regarding standards for children in court and in corrections, among other areas. (Livers & Kehoe, 2012)

Another important group is the Child Welfare League of America. These and other organizations explored and wrote general standards for juvenile corrections. Livers & Kehoe mark 2009 as another huge turning point in juvenile corrections. The American Correctional Association (ACA) published Performance-Based Standards for Juvenile Correctional Facilities, 4th Edition. This was the first of several key publications with respect to juvenile correctional standards.

Since the Standards and Guides for the Detention of Children and Youth was developed, several national organizations have discussed, debated and created standards for juvenile justice agencies, including detention and correctional facilities. The ACA/CAC accreditation process offers the most comprehensive standards with a process to measure compliance and the capacity to award accreditation. The ACA Standards Committee serves as the "correctional think tank" to consider and reflect on the promising practices in the field of adult and juvenile detention and corrections standards. (Livers & Kehoe, 2012, 38)

The authors mark this is a big transition because it is a text containing the most up-to-date thinking and practices regarding juvenile corrections. This…

Sources Used in Documents:

References:

Department of Justice: Office of the Federal Detention Trustee. (2011). Juvenile Federal Performance-Based Detention Standards Handbook. Department of Justice, Web, Available from: http://www.justice.gov/ofdt/juvenile.pdf. 2013 February 15.

Department of Justice: Office of Justice Programs -- Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2013). Correctional Facilities. Department of Justice, Web, Available from: http://www.ojjdp.gov/mpg/progTypesCorrectional.aspx. 2013 February 15.

Livers, M., & Kehoe, C.J. (2012). Juvenile Detention and Corrections Standards: Looking Back and Ahead. Corrections Today, 74(1), 35 -- 38.


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