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It also varies with urban or rural residence. Urban households commonly earn more and enjoy a higher standard of living than rural households. The allocation for food spending corresponds to the biggest part of the family budget. However, as family income increases, the share in food in consumption expenses generally drops. This is most likely because of the popularity of "fast foods" nowadays.
The process of socialization takes a lifetime whereby the individual acquires the established beliefs, values, sentiments, norms and behavior of his group and society. It is through socialization that the individual becomes a functioning member of his group. It is also through this process that values, customs and beliefs are passed on from one generation to the other.
Because of the significance of early experiences and primary relationships, the family remains to be the most important socializing agent in the child's life (Davidson and Moore, 1992). It is the chide agent of socialization because it is the unit primarily in-charge of nurturing the child during the early formative years.
The family therefore has a long-lasting influence on the development of a child's personality and character. The parents and other adult members of the family inculcate in the child the certain norms and values they want the child to retain until his maturity. They influence the child by doing things, serving as examples for the child. Thus the family acts as a social laboratory where the individual prepares for life in his society. Experiences at home set the direction of his behavior in the future.
Societies have some type of stratification system where members are classed or ranked such that some have more kudos and power than others. The family serves as an agent of stratification because it conveys at least initially its status to the individual. Upon birth, the child acquires his family name and a place in the society. The standing of his family determines his position in the hierarchy. Socialization also helps maintain class placement. Still, the family and kin group would still play the biggest part in helping members maintain or improve their status.
Welfare and Protection
The family desires to protect its members' interest and welfare. It provides for the necessary protection measures of its members. The family also provides not only physical but also psychological protection and support. Kin solidarity and close relationships last over time and distance. This is evidenced by the fact that responsibility and obligation is continued despite separation of family members.
The family also serves a purpose for the other institutions. It has economic functions important in production, distribution and consumption. It is also a catalyst for political stability. When family members agree on something, the support of its family members is assured. It is also important in religion and education.
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Specific recommendations for family therapists who employ parent training techniques are offered. Summary and Conclusion While Rogers does not completely define precisely the 'human' it is easily understood to be that of all aspects of the individual therefore, the environmental/ecological interaction theory, while not perfect is a good basis for the provision of healthcare to families by the nursing professional. Every aspect of the lives of a family illustrated through the
It uses indicators such as life expectancy, literacy and infant mortality of nations around the world to develop an index of well-being. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1972 identified quality of life components in six environmental areas- economic, political, social, health, natural and physical. Coping behavior is one characteristic of quality of life as seeking an improved quality of life involves making good decisions, meeting one's needs and
However, their model and growth of internal technology, which they actively share with the world, particularly developing countries, can serve as a paradigm for the future of global energy needs (Mol, 2007; Usa, 2008). REFERENCES Andersen, M. Governance by Green Taxes: Making Pollution Prevention Pay. Manchester University Press. 1994. Clean Edge: The Clean-Tech Market Authority. (2009). Cited in: http://www.cleanedge.com/ Conrad, J. Environmental Management in European Countries. Taylor and Francis, 2007. "Copenhagen Receives European Environmental Award." DHI Consulting.
Family counseling is a mode of treatment aimed at changing patterns of family interactions so as to correct family disturbances. There are theories in family counseling that lend themselves to helping families acquire and maintain certain qualities; such as the following: commitment to the family and its individuals, appreciation for each other, willingness to spend time together, effective communication patterns, a high degree of religious/spiritual orientation, ability to deal with
In J. Smith (Ed.), Understanding families into the new millennium: A decade in review (p. 357-381). Minneapolis, MN: National Council on Family Relations. Ferree, M. (1984). The view from below: Women's employment and gender equality in working-class families. In B.B. Hess, & M.B. Sussman (Eds), Women and the family: Two decades of change (p. 57-75). New York: Haworth Press. Fung, J. (2010). Factors associated with parent-child (dis)agreement on child behavior and
Ecology, Kinship, and Social Structure -- From Papa New Guinea to the Mountains of the Alps Of course, an anthropologist can never entirely separate the delicate relationship that exists between ecology, kinship, and social structure within any given society or community. Family, food, and environment are the key building blocks that produce a culture. The language of food's abundance can create an entire symbolic system of need, dependence, and social uncertainty,
Bioecological Theory and the Family and Community Resource Conceptual Framework) The Case History "Kerry" has twin girls who are now 4 years old. She had been living with her defacto "Dean" for the past 6 years. She is a qualified beautician and has previously run a small business from home before the birth of the twins. She undertook schooling until year 12 (equal to USA high school diploma) at a public