Human Activity on the Environment Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

Tehran's geography makes air pollution worse: the Alborz Mountains at its north side trap the increasing volume of pollutants and lead these to remain and hover over Tehran when the wind is not strong enough to blow them away. Furthermore, Tehran's high altitude makes fuel combustion inefficient and adds to the problem. Its altitude is between 3, 300 and 5,000 feet and it is in this space that the pollutants are trapped since the destruction of orchards and other vegetation especially in northern Tehran in the past decades by rapid development and human activity pressures. These natural and man-made factors together have made Tehran one of the most polluted cities in the world. Air pollution reached critical level in December 1999 when high levels of carbon monoxide and other pollutants filled Tehran for many weeks. Deaths, diseases and skin conditions are attributed to extreme air pollution. Records say that more than 4,000 to 5,000 die because of it every year (EIA).

Increasing population also meant increasing use of energy and this is the case in Iran, particularly its capital Tehran (Energy Information Administration 2002). Its total energy consumption rose from 1.6 quadrillion Btu in 1989 to 4.7 in 2000 or three times, mostly as gasoline. Its 2 million car drivers alone use 7 million liters of gasoline every day. Oil is abundant in Iran, petroleum products are subsidized and, thus, cheap cost prevents oil producers from turning out more fuel-efficient products. In May 2002, the government's subsidy was several billion dollars a year. Natural gas was roughly 50% of the energy Iran consumes. It uses up 73.8 million Btu, only a fifth of what the U.S. uses at 351.1 million Btu, and the figure continues to go up (EIA).

Poisonous carbon emissions in Iran have steadily increased in the last two decades by 240% since 1980 or from 33.1 million metric tons in 1980 to 80.8 million metric tons in 2000 (Energy Information Administration 2002). The uncontrollable growth of the population has clearly meant an increased and constantly increasing number of cars. The volume of automobile exhaust in Iran alone constitutes 1.3% of the world's total of carbon emissions. While Iran's carbon emissions are lower compared with those in the United States and other industrialized or developed countries, its rampant use of leaded gasoline and the volume of cars without catalytic converters account for the massive levels of carbon monoxide in Iran's urban areas. These poisons are predicted to continue spreading until the roots of the problem are genuinely and adequately addressed (EIA).

On top of all these, Iran's renewable energy consumption is and remains low (Energy Information Administration 2002) precisely because of its abundant oil reserves, which account for 9% of the world's reserves and 15% of its undeveloped natural gas reserves.

This very abundance discourages producers from seeking out and utilizing alternative, renewable and non-destructive energy sources. These could have been hydropower, solar, wind, tide, geothermal and solid biomass and animal products, biomass gas and liquids and industrial and municipal wastes. It attempted to diversify by increasing hydroelectric capability and wanted to increase nuclear power use for its rising demand for electricity. But international pressure prevented it from using nuclear power beyond electricity from fear of Iran's turning it against other countries.

It is easy to see how uncontrolled population growth in Iran in the past decades has been an extremely essential factor and precipitant in its environmental problems (Energy Information Administration 2002). More and more people rely on fossil fuels and use more cars, making the problem worse. The 1999 pollution crisis can jot Iran into considering or reconsidering how the health and life of its people are directly linked to their use of fuel and the degradation of their environment. In facing the true score, Iran must phase out leaded gasoline and require its people to use catalytic converters and assume a serious long-term approach in environmental protection and promotion. Its leaders should also focus their direction on developing gas fields and on reducing dependence on oil, not only to reduce pollution and save life and health, but also to diversify and strengthen its economy (EIA).


Energy Information Administration. (2002). Iran: Environmental Issues.

2005). Iran. Country Analysis Briefs.

Marcoux, A. (1996). Population Change-Natural Resources-Environment Linkages in Central and South Asia. Sustainable Development Department: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Spooner, B. (1984). The Case of…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Human Activity On The Environment" (2005, October 24) Retrieved December 10, 2016, from

"Human Activity On The Environment" 24 October 2005. Web.10 December. 2016. <>

"Human Activity On The Environment", 24 October 2005, Accessed.10 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Population Growth and Human Activities

    Communities that understand the toll population growth has on the environment are more likely to take action to protect the environment and conserve natural resources by monitoring population growth and encouraging restoration of the environment rather than encouraging larger families (Mulligan, 2006). Community actions are more likely to be tolerated than mandates that declare population growth must be limited by force (Mulligan, 2006). Evaluate Effects of Human Activities on Ecosystems

  • Human Activities on Global Climate

    A closer look at a soap bubble basically reveals swirling colors that are usually in motion with the forces that keep these colors swirling being likened to those that create weather. The weather is moved around by very delicate forces which are the variations between cool and warm areas and their slight variations in constituents. Similar to the complexity of these processes, it's difficult to understand the nature of

  • Human Activities Contribute to California s

    "One possible reason," he says, "for this is that most models don't include factors such as irrigation which can influence regional climates," meaning that the increase in large-scale irrigation during the 20th century has not been accounted for in current meteorological models. Bonfils adds that researchers have found "empirical evidence that irrigation has a large cooling effect on local summer daytime temperatures but minimal effect on nighttime temperatures." David Lobell,

  • Human Activities Adversely Threaten Wildlife

    In tropical regions, freshwater species were especially hard-hit; the index shows they suffered a 35-percent drop between 1970 and 2000." Terrestrial species are affected by over-farming and deforestation: the change has been swift and alarming: The world's wildlife declined by 27% since 1970 overall (Humans blamed, 2008, CNN). Even domestic animals have suffered from humanity's engineering of the environment. Many cannot life in the wild without the help of humans,

  • Human Activity Cause Global Warming

    There are also influential political interests in various industries who are lobbying Congress to promote data that indicates climate change is not related to human activity. The lab experiments support the human origins of global warming through comparing average temperatures and fuel emissions over the course of the industrial era and beforehand. Materials and Methods: The methodology of the study was to examine the standard deviation of temperatures spanning from 1860 (the

  • Human Geography Urban or Local

    According to the Oregon Environmental Council the estimated cost per year of environmentally attributed cancer is around $131 million for both adults and children. Much about cremation is unknown but it is believed that the process of cremation emits several harmful chemicals into the air including benzene, mercury (from mercury fillings) and persistent organic pollutants. Modern crematoriums, like any burning industry are regulated by laws and standards that require

  • Environment From a Christian View

    Environment from a Christian Perspective Using Toulmin's Argument Model, this paper will explore the way in which Christians should act in response to the environmental challenges facing the planet. There are many reasons that all citizens should be paying attention to the problems that the earth is facing, due to climate change and pollution. And Christians, while they have spiritual values that differ from Muslims, Buddhists and other faiths, are citizens

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved