Managing A Correction Facility Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 1 Subject: Criminal Justice Type: Essay Paper: #78057430 Related Topics: American Corrections, Volunteering, Corrections, Complacency
Excerpt from Essay :

Correctional Institutions Management

Correctional institution hierarchy

This normally includes the Unit manager, case worker, secretary, correctional counsellor, correctional officer, educator and psychologist or any other approved mental health worker. However, it is important to note that some correction institutions may adopt varying names yet same duties, for instance there are institutions that have the director's office, chief deputy director's office, correctional facility administration, field operations administration and budget and operations administration (State of Michigan, 2015). The hierarchies defined above are in the descending order, with the highest offices coming first.

Traits in prison volunteer

One most important trait in prison volunteers is that they must be able to honor the confidentiality of the offenders. He is also a servant of the Lord and also committed to the course that they are following. They also have the right motive towards engaging in the activities of the volunteering. He is also an individual with integrity that will make his work effective. A volunteer must be ethical and a good listener, he needs to be empathetic to relate to the challenges of the offenders, respectful of their challenges and position as well as trustworthy. Since the desired changes may not come fast, a volunteer must be patient and realistic in his approaches (Tobel G.V., 2006).

Policies from the American Correctional Association (ACA) Code of Ethics

There are several policies that guide the operations of ACA with the outstanding ones being that the members of ACA shall respect and protect the civil rights of all individuals, members are required to treat all the professional situations with the public to be secure from criminal activities (American Correctional Association, 2015).

Bases of power

Hepburn identified five bases of power for the correctional officers, three of them are;

Legitimate power- this is the formal authority that the correctional officers have to take charge over the inmates once they are within the facilities.

Coercive power -- involves the presentation of unpleasant conditions to assert power over the inmates and change some behavior. This comes in the form of ability to mete out segregation, searches, disciplinary and even transfers of inmates.

Reward power -- involves the officer using his ability to present favorable conditions to the inmates in order to assert his authority. This involves prized jobs, favorable reports and distribution of privileges (Liebling A. & David P., 2011:Pp134).

Norms identified by Kaufman that constitute the correctional officer code.

The norms that constitute the correctional officers code are 9 in total, four of them being;

Don't rat-which means an officer should inform against another officer lest he risks being cast out of the subculture group and isolated by the rest.

Always go to the aid of an officer in distress -- when a fellow officer is in distress, it is incumbent on the colleagues to g to his rescue.

Don't deal drugs with inmates -- this is not as a condemnation of the drug dealing per se, but to decrease the chances of the inmates being harsh and uncontrollable once under the influence of drugs hence a danger to the officers.

Always support a fellow officer in a dispute with an inmate -- this helps reinforce the solidarity against the inmates hence giving them additional control (Kaufman K., 2013).


Sources Used in Documents:

S -- Stressed out staff are vulnerable (Cornelius G., 2013).

Punishments/sentences included in community corrections

The following are

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