Terrible Transformation When The Original Thesis

Length: 8 pages Sources: 10 Subject: Black Studies Type: Thesis Paper: #94588387 Related Topics: Slave Trade, Indentured Servants, Agricultural Revolution, Slave Narrative
Excerpt from Thesis :

Therefore, they had to work within this system to develop ways to identify with their group and their way of life that recognized the realities of their enslavement.

One of the chief means of identification that slaves utilized was through music and language (Morgan, 1998). Having a shared cultural heritage which emphasized wordplay, story-telling, and narrative expressions, black slaves developed an ability to communicate communal identification and inculcate communal lessons through song, ritual, and other expressive displays. Field songs were used to tell the news to other slaves and to entertain, even as they served to regulate work through rhythmic repetition. Physical culture generally was used to promote health, cultivate values, and maintain identity. Linguistic devices were developed to allow the slaves to communicate with their fellow slaves even in the face of white oppression and suspicion, even given the fact that slave communities were often made up of different language groups. Through such of language and music, the slave community developed a form of identification that carried on throughout American history, even after slavery ended, with African influences in language, and music being felt in such developments as jazz, popular culture, literature, and form of physical and emotional expression.

Similarly, the development and expression of African "soul" was seen in slave communities, as the Christian religion was imposed on the slaves, eventually taking its own form, with an emotional and community component that led to the development of such forces as religion being a central force for the advancement of civil rights in later generations. The black communities accepted Christianity but put their own spin on it (Genovese, 1976). The quiet, contemplative meditation of much European religion was replaced with an active religion that expressed suffering in the slave spirituals and called for redemption in the call-and-response work songs. This movement led to later protest movements driven by the same spiritual force.

The Civil War

When the Civil War began, the North simply wanted to preserve the union. However, it became clear as the


Lincoln realized that he needed a moral cause to rally his people around, and he cloaked the ending of slavery in religious terms and offered it as a central reason for the north's drive (Johnson, 2000). In his Second Inaugural address, he drew comparisons to biblical themes and the ending of slavery in ways that made it clear that the ending of the institution was now reason that the north fought on. This allowed the North to impose its will on the south with a moral justification that did away with the South claim to states' rights. If the North was fighting to end slavery, rather than to force the South to go along with its interpretation of the constitution, that seemed a more justifiable reason to fight.

The abolition movement had provided moral arguments for ending slavery without ever really moving the North to a principled stance to end slavery. When the war began, economics and political power were largely at the foundation of the conflict (Manning, 2008). However, the addition of an abolitionist causes into the administration of the war gave the North a moral cause to add to its political and economic motivations. This was a powerful force, as it brought on a religious fervor to the progress of the war. It made the war and north's victory seem inevitable, and just. It was as if God had blessed the North's cause in a new interpretation of Christianity as a means for ending slavery rather than -- as it had originally been found -- a reason for instituting slavery.


Davis, D. (1999). The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823 (Oxford UK: Oxford University Press).

Genovese, E. (1976). Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made (New York: Vintage).

Horton, J., and Horton, L. (2005). Slavery and the Making of America (Oxford UK: Oxford University Press).

Johnson, C., and Smith, P. (1999). Africans in America: America's Journey Through Slavery (New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt).

Johnson, M. (2000). Abraham Lincoln, Slavery, and the Civil War (London: Bedford/St. Martin's).

Kelley, R., and Lewis, E. (2005). To Make Our World Anew: Volume I: A History of African-Americans to 1880 (Oxford UK: Oxford University Press).

Manning, C. (2008). What This Cruel War Was Over: Soldiers, Slavery, and the Civil War (New York: Vintage)

MacLeod, D. (1975). Slavery, Race and the American Revolution (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press).

Morgan, P. (1998). Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake…

Sources Used in Documents:


Davis, D. (1999). The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823 (Oxford UK: Oxford University Press).

Genovese, E. (1976). Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made (New York: Vintage).

Horton, J., and Horton, L. (2005). Slavery and the Making of America (Oxford UK: Oxford University Press).

Johnson, C., and Smith, P. (1999). Africans in America: America's Journey Through Slavery (New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt).

Cite this Document:

"Terrible Transformation When The Original" (2010, January 07) Retrieved May 22, 2022, from

"Terrible Transformation When The Original" 07 January 2010. Web.22 May. 2022. <

"Terrible Transformation When The Original", 07 January 2010, Accessed.22 May. 2022,

Related Documents
William Blake's Milton-Transformation the Great Romantic Poet,
Words: 1536 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Mythology - Religion Paper #: 13108815

WILLIAM BLAKE'S MILTON-TRANSFORMATION The great Romantic poet, William Blake, is known for his revolutionary ideas and his fiery attacks on everything he opposed. His work is usually not very complex in nature but since it is connected with the infinite and discusses some imaginary elements, one needs to read his poems more than once to make sense of them. This is exactly what is required when reading Blake's Milton, a poem

Slavery Pattern in North America Took a
Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Black Studies Paper #: 96948140

Slavery pattern in North America took a funny trend since initially the blacks had some social positions and had a voice in the running of the community. This however later changed and the North also started to own slaves at a higher rate. There are several factors that led to this change in events in the north that made it to fancy slavery just as much as the South was

Treatment of Women Diagnosed With
Words: 13264 Length: 48 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 75114747

At one point or another in our lives, we are all beginners. We begin college, a first job, a first love affair, and perhaps a first dissertation project. We bring a great deal to these new situations, including our temperament, previous education, and family situations. Yet, as adults, we also learn. In romantic relationships, couples report having to learn how to interact successfully with their partners. College students routinely report

Performance of Stated Owned Enterprise in Nigeria
Words: 2719 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 85097244

Performance of Stated Owned Enterprise in Nigeria A State-Owned enterprise is certainly one where government carries a share with controlling equity, as well as, has a great deal of influence in the day-to-day affairs of the enterprise. Numerous elements made up higher government involvement within the institution of businesses in Nigeria. During independence and also thereafter, the non-public sector had been extremely fragile to muster sufficient investment resources required for industrialization

Myths Myth of Marriage and Children Joseph
Words: 1995 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Mythology - Religion Paper #: 64860892

Myths Myth of Marriage and Children Joseph Campbell's The Power of Myth is a book that can potentially transform the reader's consciousness. Beyond being informative, Campbell's analysis of cultural myths is profound; it provokes genuine introspection. The author refers to the spiritual in whatever he speaks about, and yet he never lapses into religious diatribe or dogma. Subjects like marriage are elevated beyond the social to the psycho-spiritual. For example, he calls

Vindication of the Rights of
Words: 12319 Length: 40 Pages Topic: Sports - Women Paper #: 94246949

Ross (1988) notes the development of Romanticism in the late eighteenth century and indicates that it was essentially a masculine phenomenon: Romantic poetizing is not just what women cannot do because they are not expected to; it is also what some men do in order to reconfirm their capacity to influence the world in ways socio-historically determined as masculine. The categories of gender, both in their lives and in their