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Like alcohol, tobacco use is prohibited by minors but permitted by adults. Also like alcohol, tobacco use is detrimental to the health of the user, except even more so.
Whereas alcohol consumption generally benign and only acutely harmful when it is overused, tobacco use (especially in the form of cigarettes) is extremely dangerous for practically all users. This is simply a function of the fact that "typical" use of tobacco entails physical addiction to nicotine, its primary active ingredient. For this reason, it is very rare for smokers to use tobacco too infrequently to become chronic daily users
In contrast, most alcohol users do not partake so often that it compromises their physical health.
The dramatic long-term medical consequences of long-term tobacco use are universal as well as predictable; in fact, the medical community is united in the position that tobacco use causes more preventable illness and death than all forms of criminal violence, alcohol-related automobile accidents, non-alcohol-related automobile accidents, and all illicit drug use combined (Brecher, 1972). Furthermore, unlike alcohol, which is not directly (i.e. except in combination with driving) a danger to the health and welfare of others, second-hand tobacco smoke has been identified as a specific irritant and a direct agent of medical harm to nonsmokers exposed to its smoke in significant quantities. For this reason, recent legislation in some states has begun to restrict certain indoor public smoking, such as in the workplace, and federal law changed to prohibit it from government facilities and in air travel. However, many instances of smoking in public is still permitted that definitely exposes nonsmokers to the harms associated with it. Only within the last year has any law been enacted that is designed to protect children from their parents' smoking, but even that law only pertains to the enclosed space of the interior of a car. In general, there are no restrictions against smoking outdoors or in the home, despite the overwhelming evidence of its effects on others who breathe second- hand cigarette smoke.
If any type of private conduct warrants greater paternalistic governmental control, it is difficult to argue that tobacco use should not be higher on the list of appropriate activities meriting regulation than marijuana, for just one example. Smoking marijuana may very well be associated with certain medical consequences for the user. It is also associated with perceptual and behavioral changes that justify prohibition in conjunction with operating motor vehicles in the same manner as alcohol. Similarly, it may be appropriate to regulate the exposure of others (including children in the home).
However, marijuana, whose risks to the "typical" private user are almost certainly less than the corresponding risks undertaken (perfectly legally) by cigarette smokers, is currently prohibited in all 50 states by federal law (Syracuse Post-Standard, 2003).
This is fundamentally unjustifiable logically, given the permissibility of alcohol consumption (even to the point of profound incapacitation), provided it is not in combination with driving. Furthermore, the known physical consequences associated with "typical" cigarette use (both to the user as well as to others) in comparison to those associated with "typical" marijuana use only underscore the indefensibility of this legislative disparity. It is not even necessary to express a specific position either approving or disapproving of smoking tobacco or marijuana to point out the unjustified discrepancy that permits one (even to the extent it forces nonsmokers to inhale its smoke) while imposing criminal penalties on the other (even when it is practiced in the complete privacy of one's home).
A strictly paternalistic approach to regulating conduct would prohibit both absolutely, even in private, to protect the individual from the harms of his own vices. A less paternalistic approach would permit the private indulgence of virtually any substance of choice, regulating only the resulting behavior that affects others. Either position is defensible for different reasons, provided only that it is applied equally in a manner appropriate to the actual risks at issue. Current U.S. legislation of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana does not correspond appropriately to those specific concerns at all.
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S. provide funds for staff development on drug use and alcohol use by school-age children. But only 26% of elementary school classes and required middle school and high school health education courses had a teacher that had received "staff development on alcohol or other drug-use prevention" (SHIPPS). Still, SHIPPS reports that 91.4% of high schools and 80.4% of middle schools surveyed teach the "benefits of not using alcohol" and 90.3%
Marijuana should be legalized. There is no sensible argument for the ongoing prohibition of marijuana. The prohibition of this plant robs governments of potential tax revenues, diverts spending to the prison industrial complex, leads to racially-biased incarceration rates, and violates America's principle of personal freedom. The counterarguments are rooted in fear, ignore evidence and impose the morality of one group of people on all. It is time to leave the
Alcohol, even at low doses, significantly impairs the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Low to moderate doses of alcohol can also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including domestic violence and child abuse. Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness, and fatigue." On the other hand, "prolonged, heavy use of
However, someone sitting inside their own home smoking marijuana for pleasure is an important use in itself and one which should not be ignored. "Like sex, alcohol, or cigarettes, marijuana is one of life's little pleasures for some people," and although it can be a vice, the recreational uses are a definite reason for legalization (Messerli 2006). People should not be told what they should and should not enjoy;
S. Conclusion: Like alcohol and tobacco, marijuana has been consumed in human societies for thousands of years, and likely since before recorded history. Also like alcohol and tobacco products, marijuana is associated with certain dangers that warrant appropriate government paternalism in the form of legislation prohibiting its use by minors, regulating its manufacture and sale to ensure its relative safety and quality, and preventing the use of any substances capable of altering
Drugs and Alcohol Issues Explain your opinion on the legalization of illicit drugs. Do you believe that legalizing drugs will "increase" or "decrease" drug abuse? I think that some illicit recreational drugs should be legalized simply because they cannot be distinguished from licit recreational drugs such as alcohol and tobacco. Both tobacco and marijuana (for example) are leafy crops that can be harvested and smoked to provide various physiological sensations that users
The user's mouth feels dry, and he or she may suddenly become very hungry and thirsty. His or her hands may tremble and grow cold. The euphoria passes after awhile, and then the user may feel sleepy or depressed. Occasionally, marijuana use produces anxiety, fear, distrust, or panic http://www.starliterecovery.com/marijuana.asp. Marijuana use impairs a person's ability to form memories, recall events (see Marijuana, Memory, and the Hippocampus), and shift attention from