Politics and Government Book Report

Download this Book Report in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Book Report:

Government & Politics

The arguments contrast two observations. Which of them is the best and why? Give a detailed and substantial response.

Charles Beard and John Roche had differing views regarding the American constitution as they hailed from different background. Due to their diverse backgrounds, they have their own views regarding American constitution. A deep study of both authors shows that, John Roche is an optimist and a reformer, while Charles Beard attempts to expose the inner intentions of the founding fathers (Thesis Statement, 2014). Both authors give interesting insight into the minds of the founding fathers with rock solid evidence. Beard (1913) proposes that founding fathers had huge properties to protect while Roche (1961) argues that constitution united the nation quite effectively.

Beard's points

Those penning the constitution had sold commercial and financial interest of their own (p. 36)

The authors of the constitution were bent on penning a constitution protecting themselves from general population which had no property at all (p. 37)

Roche's points

The founding fathers had political motives

The founding fathers were politically driven and their top priority was to serve the nation within the confines of a well written constitution (pp. 11-12)

The Philadelphia Convention was a nationalist reform group working with great ethics and efficiency in an atmosphere surrounded by adversaries, but attained massive approval (p. 12).

Charles Beard was respected widely before 2nd World War after which his popularity spiraled down exponentially as he opposed American participation 2nd World War. But Roche's observation is now accepted widely as apt and correct. It was a compromise among states, financial interests and political viewpoints.

Politicians wrote the constitution

Roche appreciates the brilliant work done by founding fathers citing their superiority at working with politics on a professional level. According to Walton Hamilton, they made history whilst keeping agreement in context.

Constitutional Convention

Roche notes that Philadelphia convention wasn't any Council Platonic Guardians neither College of Cardinals, but rather a nationalist reform group. They worked superbly well amid many enemies and sought popular approval.

Founders of constitution were elitist

Roche agrees on the fact that founders of the constitution were elite, yet they were hardening the ground for a stable national government, which would cover up the feebleness of Articles of Confederation.

Founding fathers weren't moneymaking individuals

Roche argues that the elite weren't capitalistic individuals having no hidden agendas of pooling properties, but rather making a stable national government. Roche has given Beard's argument a plausible counter argument.

Roche's view on the founding fathers

As the founding fathers set out to frame the constitution, they had considerable hindrances ahead of them. They did have some solid political assets which helped them maneuver the political process as the situation demanded while the opposition continued their erratic behavior, they marched ahead.

Founding father's convincing power

The founding fathers managed to persuade the elected individuals of the necessity of change. The core was fueled with the American spirit and putting U.S. On the world map.

Founding father's assets

Their assets of prime importance were:

Attendance of George Washington in the caucus as an authentic American

The superiority and talented leadership they commanded consisting of John Adam and Thomas Jefferson who were intellectuals of their time

In conclusion

John Roche's had released a commendable counter argument to naysayers who cited the constitution as an impractical political document having only elitist interests and frame in mind.

Reading I: "Founding Fathers: A Reform Caucus in Action"

Please explain the author's main argument concerning the Founding Fathers & the construction of the constitution. When discussing the authors arguments please provide two examples used to support his thesis.

The Articles of Confederation was written down by the U.S. revolutionaries, they did realize soon enough that it lacked the power of uniting different states. Hence an argument took place between federal and antifederal sides. The former were led by James Madison and Alexander Hamilton and the latter by Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry. Hamilton contested amount of power given to Congress and new government while his opponents wanted more power local and state governments. In 1787, a compromise was reached resulting in a new constitution with its amendments called Bill of Rights. Founding fathers were happy with their work but friction between state and federal power resulted in Civil War (Berg, 2012).

John Roche in his essay on A Reform Caucus in Action, debates that the American constitution was a great compromise among states which is a complex matter as an agreement was to be reached between small and large states. He cuts out monetary intentions totally from the discussion (Dalleva, 2010). The founding fathers were concerned with keeping the nation together under a democratic document for which they fought the 1776 revolution. Roche has admitted that founding fathers were elitists after all being protective of their own states, they still made great sacrifices for the greater good (Dalleva, 2010).

Roche commences his case by terming the Constitutional Convention as a group for democratic reform. He puts great emphasis on the noble intentions of the democratic reform group. He also puts great emphasis on the word reform. He dismisses the claims of monetary intentions of the founding fathers and stresses upon their aim at reforming the government. Articles of Confederation lacked the power to be enforced (Dalleva, 2010).United States of America needed a strong constitution to remain in the world's economic atmosphere and it couldn't with weak laws. Apart from that, they realized that a central government was necessary to keep the country together while it would weaken overall democracy a bit (Dalleva, 2010).

Roche is fully aware of the political restrictions during those times which restricted the founding fathers in their mission to pen a practical constitution. New York City was one prime example of this issue at hand. Roche deems that New York's absence from this convention would result the entire project into a complete political stalemate, hence its presence was ensured at the convention. He then explain the consequent steps in some detail (Dalleva, An Analysis Of John Roche's Essay "A Reform Caucus in Action," 2010).

New York agreed to send its delegates to Constitutional Convention, and then had to pay for maintenance of their delegates as well, something done by other states for their delegates as well for instance New Hampshire. Lastly, New York made their own convention in their state for document's ratification which would be penned in Constitutional Convention. Apart from that, New York had to accept the decision of their state's convention that they needed to attend the convention at the Constitution Convention after all (Dalleva, 2010).

Examine the Virginia Plan and New Jersey Plan. What was the end result?

Madison developed the Virginia Plan which would prevent creation of state laws developed for personal gains and enable a solid national government. Bicameral legislature was the central institution. Lower house would be elected by the people, which would go on to elect upper house followed by selection of a judiciary and an executive. The Virginia Plan didn't agree with Articles of Confederation's clause of equal representation of states rather by population size only. Virginia Plan was in great demand along with some opposition from Border States. Madison was unable to hold a coalition keeping a worthy national government as well as legislature based on population. Minor states such as Maryland, Delaware and New Jersey foresaw being overpowered, yet they liked the idea of national government. Massachusetts and three southern states aligned with Pennsylvania and Virginia as they liked population-based legislative districts but detested nation government's power given by Virginia plan (Paletz, Owen, & Cook, 2013).

The minor states recommended another proposal on June 15. According to New Jersey Plan, the national government had more vested power in levying taxes as well as governing business and allotted the remainder of the control to the states. The legislature would elect a federal executive and oversee its obedience with national law. A federal court will resolve the conflicts between states and national government. All national laws would therefore be a binding law for all states. The New Jersey Plan secured the Articles of Confederation which cites states having equal representation in a unicameral legislature.Three states supported this New Jersey Plan, while Virginia Plan was characterized as weak. The Connecticut delegates proposed that some points from Virginia Plan could be taken such as legislature being bicameral as House of Representatives would comprise of representatives from districts and Senate would have two senators from every state (Paletz, Owen, & Cook, 2013).

The Connecticut Compromise (famously called Great Compromise) was agreed upon the convention while Pennsylvania and Virginia stood against it. Hence the congress configured today materialized due to states having conflicts of interests which needed compromise rather than principled deliberations. Hence the founders divided the differences (Paletz, Owen, & Cook, 2013).

While going through the intentions of authors of constitution, what's the author's point-of-view regarding certain aspects of constitution left unattended?

John Roche in his essay titled 'A reform Caucus in Action', states…[continue]

Cite This Book Report:

"Politics And Government" (2014, August 31) Retrieved December 10, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/politics-and-government-191461

"Politics And Government" 31 August 2014. Web.10 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/politics-and-government-191461>

"Politics And Government", 31 August 2014, Accessed.10 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/politics-and-government-191461

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Politics Mexican Government the Zapatistas

    S. And Mexico as this political issue binds them on common ground, creating the synchronic relationship between them. Mexico must do more to create jobs and economic growth to keep her young people at home, because the implications of emigration on both countries are staggering. Hispanics are now the fastest growing minority in the country, and most of them have come from Mexico. These emigrants are taxing the social systems

  • Politics German Government the German

    Because the Republic was weak, it was open to failure, and open to a takeover by a powerful group such as Hitler's Nazis. Basically, the failure of the Republic allowed Hitler to take control of the government, which ultimately led to World War II, the persecution of the Jews, the Holocaust, and millions of deaths. Thus, the fall of the Weimar Republic was extremely significant to world history, and

  • Politics Machiavelli and Hobbes Thomas

    " (Prince: 61) The second important thing to focus on is the military strength of that person. Does the ruler possess greater military might than the displaced ruler? If yes, then there is no point in rejecting him as the new ruler. This is because with his military weapons, he is likely to prove valuable to the country in the long run. Michaela's views on the art of war and possession

  • Government Why Did the Framers

    Republicans construed Obama as suggesting government bailouts for new industries, or at the slightest a more lively federal government function in generating or supporting jobs -- concepts abominations to a lot of conservatives. The Obama campaign countered the idea as political spin that does not replicate the president's feeling or meaning, pointing to full circumstances of the quotation as confirmation (Koch, 2011). Discuss the process of how a Bill becomes a

  • Politics of the Common Good in Justice

    Politics of the Common Good In Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do? (2009), Michael J. Sandal argues that politics and society require a common moral purpose beyond the assertion of natural rights like life liberty and property or the utilitarian calculus of increasing pleasure and minimizing pain for the greatest number of people. He would move beyond both John Locke and Jeremy Bentham in asserting that "a just society can't

  • Politics Violence Language Political Plays of Harold Pinter

    Politics of Violence in Pinter's Late Plays When Harold Pinter received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2005, he spoke quite directly about the subject of political theatre: Political theatre presents an entirely different set of problems. Sermonising has to be avoided at all cost. Objectivity is essential. The characters must be allowed to breathe their own air. The author cannot confine and constrict them to satisfy his own taste or disposition

  • Politics There Were a Few Things That

    Politics There were a few things that changed in American political culture between 2004 and 2012. The political culture became more polarized, as media and political rhetoric escalated significant following the 2008 election. The political landscape was change by the 2008 election, which saw an expansion of red states, and renewed interest in politics from African-Americans and Hispanics, two groups that traditionally vote Democrat. The heightened rhetoric can be seen as


Read Full Book Report
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved