The criticism is of several varieties. Richard Etulain emphasizes the weaknesses of the frontier school in confirming the large contributions of racial and ethnic minorities to the history of the frontier and the West. He asserts that Turner's thesis disappoint to deal with the significant discussion of gender and class. He also criticizes the Turner thesis for ignoring the post-1900 West and vital urban and detailed subjects. For Etulain, the thesis implies a viewpoint as shaky as it could be the basis for a tenable interpretation of American culture. Then the thesis fails to illustrate just how the perceived demise of the frontier brought about a longing for wilderness and the pioneer spirit. He emphasizes how it inspired debate on public land and immigration policy, expansionism and the merits of individualistic and cooperative political systems. In addition, he relates how it influenced and was affected by several social and political issues as racism, industrialization, irrigation, tenant farming, class struggle, government intervention, and the naturalist movement.
He argues that Frederick Jackson Turner clearly overlooked women from his story of the frontier. In overlooking women's important roles in pioneer history, Turner was ironically exceptionalist, progressing a frontier story devoted entirely to men's actions. Rather than follow the process idea central to the frontier thesis, Etulain argues that Turner's thesis fail to depict the American West as a separate, evolving place. Since Turner placed so much importance on the shaping power of the frontier experience, people might discuss the implications of his claim that the frontier line had disappeared in the 1890's census.
Summary: Despite all its criticism, this thesis is an in indispensable analysis of an essential part of the national psyche. As a committed social and cultural evolutionist, the Fredrick Jackson Turner studied the expansion of western experiences that had, over time, been laminated into a consolidated American reputation. Turner pointed to several important factors that he saw arising from unique frontier experience. One such was the composite nationality, which others later called the growth of democracy, an independent individualism, and economic and physical mobility. One of the most important books of recent years in the history of American ideas. All American historians should read this provocative and well-written study. he discusses just enough writers, historians and artists to qualify the book as an overview without bringing on reader meltdown.