Education: Education Reform
Education Reform: Public Education
Education reformers have proposed a number of strategies to help increase teacher effectiveness and overall student performance in public schools. Proposals include, among other things, reducing the level of teacher autonomy, use of testing and standards to evaluate performance, and introduction of charter schools as a way of encouraging public schools to improve their performance. This text examines the arguments put forth by the proponents and critics in each of these three areas.
School reform is the name given to the various efforts geared at changing public education in the country to focus on outputs (student achievement) as opposed to input. School reformers acknowledge public education as the primary source of K-12 education for the country's young generation. As such, they desire to transform public education to be able o work like a market, that is, an input-output system where accountability creates high stakes for performance standards. A lot of debate still surrounds this issue, particularly in regard to the issues of teacher autonomy, use of tests and standards, and school choice. This text reviews the conflicting arguments put forth by both sides of the debate in these three issues, and presents the author's expectations on the same as they enter the profession.
The concept of teacher autonomy refers to the independence of teachers in the school setting, particularly in regard to choosing what to teach to particular groups of students and how to teach it. The conflicting groups differ as to whether or not teachers should be allowed to make such decisions autonomously using their professional skills. Critics of such autonomy argue that the low graduation rates inherent in public schools, and the wide achievement gap between students in public schools and their counterparts in private institutions indicate that there is a need to improve the effectiveness...
Moreover, it would stifle innovation and creativity among teachers, which would eventually result in high job dissatisfaction, low student performance, and high attrition rates within the teaching fraternity. Providing teachers with a standard way to follow when teaching their students undermines the perception that teachers are skilled professionals, with the requisite training to make decisions that maximize their learners' academic outcomes.
I agree that there is need to reform public education in the country and to increase the efficiency of teachers in such schools; however, I do not believe that infringing on teachers; autonomy in the classroom is the way to go. P. Freire (2000) points out in his book that without freedom, people are unable to exist authentically and to be fully themselves. Similarly, teachers, if denied the autonomy they need to make their own decisions in the classroom, are likely not to give their all towards the learning outcomes of their students. Better outcomes, Freire (2010) posits, would be realized through the reflective participation of teachers in the process of developing measures for improved efficiency. I hope that schools will take the initiative to engage their teachers in developing strategies that would help increase overall efficiency without impeding on teacher autonomy. Teachers can be equated to the 'oppressed group' in Frere's analysis -- they are likely to be more committed if they feel like a part of the reform process, and not if they believe that reforms are just being imposed upon them.
Testing and Standards
Education reformers argue that tests and standards could actually help to increase the efficiency of teachers in…
No Child Left Behind The educational philosophy inherent in the No Child Left Behind program is a combination of the philosophy of Adler and of Holt, even though both are opposing. Adler's educational philosophy hold that public schools should serve the democratic ideal by implementing a uniform curriculum for all children, and this is evident in the No Child Left Behind standards adopted by public schools. At the same time, the
If we can institute more policies to make STEM education within our higher education system more inclusive, we can assume that this diversity will make STEM attractive to minority students. In order for policy makers to know where to begin with minority students, they need to know what is preventing them from getting a good STEM education, what factors have contributed to minorities who are successful in this field and
Education and National Security Education is essential for the advancement of our nation as well as our children. A good education gives children the ability to succeed physically, intellectually, and emotionally. The American nation has been labeled as having a threat to national security because of the education system failing to provide the needed learning and skills to know how to protect the nation. The condition of America's education system has
People need look no further than their own homes to see the interdependence of world trade; no further than their neighborhoods to see the results of international migration and multiculturalism; no further than the news to see the causes and effects of global economics, ecology and ethnic conflicts. "While domestic debate continues over the nature of these connections, few can doubt their existence. As these connections increase, educators, utilizing a
Education Reforms: Private or Public United States education system is not at par with general standards of quality education worldwide. The problem lies with our school and college curriculum and lack of sound reforms in the area of education. Though every year, our administration declares that education reforms is at the top of its political agenda, still each year we fail to notice any changes in the school and college education.
The trial lasted seven months and Justice Leland Degrasse rendered his decision, 719 N.Y.S.2d 475 on January 10, 2001, in favor of plaintiffs and ordered the state to ensure that all public schools provide the opportunity for a sound basic education to their students." (Hunter, 2004) Entered, as part of this decision was a "costing-out study as the threshold task in developing a new school funding system." (Hunter, 2004)