Drug and Alcohol the Effects essay

Download this essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from essay:

And they can often escape into substance abuse and addiction" (Study reveals rise in drug, alcohol abuse during economic downturn).

One of the most important ways in which an increasing rate of drug and alcohol abuse and addiction affects the economy is the spiraling cost of healthcare and rehabilitation. The increase in addictions also creates a gap between the need for treatment and rehabilitation and available resources. This in turn places economic pressure on state and local government. This is especially difficult to maintain in a recessionary economic climate. "States, local governments, and non-profits are all facing tremendous budget shortfalls -- and they are cutting the resources to help this growing group of addicts in trouble, just when they need it the most" (Study reveals rise in drug, alcohol abuse during economic downturn).

The following illustrations provide a clear indication of the amounts that have been spent on alcohol and drug addiction treatment and rehabilitation over a period of time.

Figure 3.

(Source: http://www.nida.nih.gov/EconomicCosts/Chapter1a.gif)

Figure 4.

( Source: http://www.ncjrs.gov/ondcppubs/publications/policy/ndcs00/chap2_10.html)

It is clear from the above graphs and charts that billions of dollars are lost every year because of absenteeism and lost earning from both drug and alcohol addiction.

4. Conclusion

It is true that as a result of the seriousness of the situation reflected in many articles and media reports the public is becoming more aware of the problem. As a consequence there have in fact been reports of declining drug rates in many areas of the country (Trends in Drug Abuse). A 2005 report by the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) indicates that, "…there has been an approximately 17% decline over the last three years in any illicit drug use in the past month by students in the eighth, tenth, and twelfth grades combined" (Trends in Drug Abuse). However, at the same there are also many other research reports that indicate an increase in drug and alcohol usage among many young children; for example, it is estimated that, "Over half (51%) of America's teenagers have tried an illicit drug by the time they finish high school" (Trends in Drug Abuse). Furthermore, it has also been found that, "An estimated 19.5 million Americans aged 12 or older were current users of an illicit drug in 2003. This estimate represents 8.2% of the population" (Trends in Drug Abuse). A report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration states that alcohol abuse among 12 to 20-year-olds in California increased from 24.7% to 26.3% (SAMHSA Unveils State Substance Abuse Data from 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health).

The above findings are extremely worrying and do not bode well for the future. If children as young as twelve are becoming addicted to substances then this means that there is trend emerging that will possibly result in future social and economic problems and issues. In the light of these figures many experts agree that drug and alcohol addiction may in fact threaten the very fabric and structure of society and should be combated on all possible fronts.

One of the areas of concern that is also noted in contemporary literature on the subject is that there is an increasing trend towards the cultural acceptance of certain addictive drugs like alcohol and marijuana. A number of commentators blame the media and film for what has been termed the 'normalization' of drug taking. This is an aspect that adds to the concern about the increasing number of drug and alcohol addicts in our society. A culture cannot exist is its young and vibrant members are addicted to harmful substances and this leads to a fear expressed by many experts that various forms of addiction may sap the vitality of and drive of the society.


Allen J. ( 2006) Drugs a Factor in Many Sexual Assaults, Study Says. Retrieved September 27, 2009, from http://www.redorbit.com/news/health/501383/drugs_a_factor_in_many_sexual_assaults_study_says/

Bennet W. (1999) the Index of Leading Cultural Indicators. New York: Broadway


Drug addiction. Retrieved September 27, 2009, from http://www.economicexpert.com/a/Drug:addiction.htm

Drugs in the family. Retrieved April 24, 2006, from http://www.jrf.org.uk/bookshop/eBooks/1859353207.pdf

Medical Consequences of Drug Abuse. Retrieved September 27, 2009, from http://www.drugabuse.gov/consequences

Nurco, D.N., Blatchley, R.J., Hanlon, T.E., O'Grady, K.E., & Mccarren, M. (1998). the

Family Experiences of Narcotic Addicts and Their Subsequent Parenting Practices. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 24(1), 37+.

SAMHSA Unveils State Substance Abuse Data from 2004 National Survey on Drug Use

and Health. Retrieved September 27, 2009, from http://www.samhsa.gov/news/newsreleases/060406_survey04.htm

Schur, E.M. (1965). Crimes without Victims: Deviant Behavior and Public Policy:

Abortion, Homosexuality, Drug Addiction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Study reveals rise in drug, alcohol abuse during economic downturn. Retrieved September 27, 2009, from http://www.behavioral.net/ME2/dirmod.asp?sid=&nm=&type=news&mod=News&mid=B20DF0482CF84DBA94F725711F709DD7&tier=3&nid=7E443B0BC73F425FA935C977ABC9AD1D

Tracy, Sarah W., and Caroline Jean Acker, eds. (2004) Altering American

Consciousness: The History of Alcohol and Drug Use in the United States, 1800-2000. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press.

Trends in Drug Abuse. NIDA. Retrieved September 27, 2009,

from http://www.nida.nih.gov/about/welcome/aboutdrugabuse/trends/[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Drug And Alcohol The Effects" (2009, October 01) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/drug-and-alcohol-the-effects-18977

"Drug And Alcohol The Effects" 01 October 2009. Web.9 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/drug-and-alcohol-the-effects-18977>

"Drug And Alcohol The Effects", 01 October 2009, Accessed.9 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/drug-and-alcohol-the-effects-18977

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Drug and Alcohol Abuse Over

    In some cases, these issues or problems stem from different cultural views and beliefs. While at other times, these issues will affect someone who lives in an environment with: parental drug/alcohol related problems, disruptions to the family, social deprivations, the lack of economic opportunities, physical/sexual abuse, peer pressure and stress. The question I will try to determine is whether or not ethnicity and economic factors play a major influence

  • Drug and Alcohol Abuse

    Drug and alcohol abuse is a serious problem among many young people for a variety of reasons. First, statistics show that drugs and alcohol are being abused by a large segment of the teen and young adult population, which can greatly increase their likelihood of a premature death. Secondly, many things can happen to young adults that do not lead to death, but can ruin their lives. Finally, drug and

  • Drug Alcohol Abuse Drug and Alcohol

    Substance use is frequently associated with child abuse and domestic violence. It also is a leading contributor to marital dissatisfaction, family breakups and rejection of family members. The importance of the family in understanding alcohol and drug use and abuse is underlined by these highly destructive consequences of alcohol and drug dependency on the abuser and the family. (Lala; Straussner; Fewell, 17) Peer Group plays an important part in resolving

  • Adolescent Drugs and Alcohol Abuse

    [Shope, Jean T, 2004] Cost of Addictive Behavior (individual and family implications) Asides the fact that drugs and alcohol rehabilitation add billions of dollars to the nations health care costs, the addictive nature of these substances also implies direct costs to the families concerned. Adolescents have to spend hundreds of dollars for buying drinks and drugs and peer pressure would encourage them to engage in culpable actions. Typically, an alcoholic or

  • Health Science in Regards to Drugs and Alcohol

    Health Science in Regards to Drugs and Alcohol Legalization of drugs When Colorado and Washington legalized the use of marijuana for recreational purposes, issues related to legalization of all drugs became subject of public debate. Those who voted for legalization of Marijuana in these two states argued that legalization of these drugs would generate revenue, deter black market activities, and check against lose of tax resources used by law enforcement agencies (Will,

  • Health Risk Behaviors Drug and Alcohol Use

    Health Risk Behaviors Drug and Alcohol use Drug and Alcohol Use among Teenagers and Adults between the ages of 18-25 The Issue of Drug Abuse in Youth Parental Role and Drug Abuse in Adolescents Adolescent age 7 Parental denial Suggestion to reduce Drug Abuse in Teenagers Drug and Alcohol Use among Teenagers and Adults between the ages of 18-25 Although there have been many significant achievements in drug abuse prevention over the past few decades, drug use among youth

  • Physical Abuse in Relationships Due to Drugs and Alcohol

    Physical Abuse in Relationships Due to Drugs and Alcohol Family violence has become a significant public health issue in the United States (Wood pp). Many believe the reason for the problem of domestic violence within the United States is because the U.S. has the highest substance abuse rate of any industrialized nation (Drug pp). There have been numerous studies to support a relationship between substance abuse and domestic violence. According to many

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved