Immigration and Customs Enforcement the essay

Download this essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from essay:

These measures included laws, which denied services to undocumented residents, alerted police to assume ICE functions, penalized for employers who hired the aliens, and made English the official language. In Arizona, ordinary citizens were encouraged to report businesses, which hired suspicious foreign-looking persons. Hispanics were the major targets of this xenophobia because they were believed to be the major law violators. Statistics showed that there were approximately 12 million undocumented immigrants, most of them Latinos or Hispanics, in the U.S. The national bias against them showed up in studies, which considered only them in determining how much they were costing the country in services. But did they really drain the economy? A spokesman for the Joint Legislative Audit and Review Commission did not think so. A 2004 study on "foreign-born" citizens of Virginia alone concluded that Asians outnumbered Hispanics. The Commission found that these "foreign-born" citizens were not a huge drain on services. Rather, they contributed a lot to the State economy (Galuszka).

This extensive bias shown immigrants seemed out of pace with reality in the rest of the world (Galuszka, 2008). School links with foreign countries have been growing and increasing. Free trade agreements have been crossing national borders. Foreigners keep coming in to buy stocks in American companies. With these stark realities in globalization, such behavior and stigma ascribed to immigrants, especially those with dark akin, seemed out of place. In those places where the bias is high and immense, the local media do their part in repeating them and indoctrinating the public against aliens. Even though no convincing records support the bias, the media make it real and create the crisis (Galuszka).

A Total Failure

The Operation Scheduled Departure caused the ICE and its 16,000 employees $5 billion annual budget and a lot of face in admitting a failed responsibility (Navarrette Jr., 2008). It failed to attract more than 8 out of the targeted 457,000 illegal immigrants without criminal record in the 5 target cities to surrender to federal authorities for voluntary deportation. The failure owed in part because it targeted "fugitive aliens," people who appeared before the immigration judge and order to leave but had not complied. The other reason was the illusory image projected by the ICE that its agents roam the countryside and seek out violators. Many suspect not too many homes are really searched. At a rate of 30,000 fugitive alien arrests a year, it would take 400 years to exhaust the country of 12 million illegal immigrants in the country. Those who report about the presence of illegal immigrants mostly have to wait for them to pick these immigrants up yet the enforcers never appear the true reason behind the failure seemed more like the need for an overhaul of image after the September 11 fiasco (Navarrette, Jr.).

More Arrests Promised

The 2 1/2-week "self-deportation" program, which yielded only 8 volunteers, was terminated and replaced by a more intensified drive to go after violators (Taxin, 2008).

ICE agents pledged to make more arrests, regardless of anybody's inconvenience. Immigrant advocates faulted the ICE for the failure of the program and for causing much fear and apprehension among many illegal immigrants. The advocates viewed it as a mere publicity trick to justify the stricter enforcement of immigration law. They thought that law enforcers could deal with illegal immigrants more gently when arresting them at home. Those arrested need not be jailed but could just be made to weak ankle bracelets when preparing to depart. The program gave volunteers up to 90 days to leave the U.S. It was deemed to have been intended to counteract criticisms about the brutal and disruptive ways enforcers dealt with violators and their families. Those who volunteer to leave were barred from returning to the U.S. For a decade. Furthermore, it applied to less than half a million of the estimated 12 million illegal immigrants in the country. It was available only to those who ignored judicial orders to live and had no criminal record. It was offered in 5 cities where 30,000 eligible immigrants lived. These were Charlotte in North Carolina, Chicago, Phoenix, San Diego and Santa Ana (Taxin).

More Calls for Reform

Thousands more poured out downtown Oakland to demand legal status for undocumented immigrants and to end arrests made by ICE agents (Marcucci, 2007). If the crowd was smaller than that of the previous year, it was because of the arrests. There were only 5,000 to 6,000 marchers as against 15,000-17,000 the previous year. Those who did not join the rally could have been disappointed about the lack of a signed reform bill. The marchers came from San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Rosa and other Bay area cities. A highlight of the day was the appearance of opponent groups from across the Bay area. They called for tougher and more secure borders. They claimed that illegal immigration strained social services and that the U.S. is still a country of laws. Those favoring immigration reform expressed hope that Congress would listen to them. as, in fact, Congress was considering the Security through Regularized Immigration and a Vibrant Economy or STRIVE bill. It would grant legal status to the immigrants but which immigrant advocates opposed with certain enforcement objections (Marcucci),


Galuszka, P. (2008). Hispanics bearing the brunt of xenophobia. Diverse Issues in Higher

Education: Cox, Matthews & Associates. Retrieved on March 24, 2009 from;col1

ICE (2008). About ICE. Immigration and Customs Enforcement: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved on March 24, 2009 from

Marcucci, M.R. (2007). Marchers call for immigration reform. Oakland Tribune: ANG

Newspapers. Retrieved on March 25, 2009 from

Navarrette, R., Jr. (2008). Immigration agency's self-deportation program is a total

Failure. Oakland Tribune: ANG Newspapers. Retrieved on March 25, 2009 from;col1

Romboy, D (2005). The role of the law. Deseret News (Salt Lake City): Deseret News

News Publishing Company. Retrieved on March 25, 2009 from;col1

Taxin, a. (2008). Agency promised immigration enforcement. Deseret…[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Immigration And Customs Enforcement The" (2009, March 28) Retrieved December 10, 2016, from

"Immigration And Customs Enforcement The" 28 March 2009. Web.10 December. 2016. <>

"Immigration And Customs Enforcement The", 28 March 2009, Accessed.10 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Immigration Drawing the Line

    There is no question, however, that immigration issues will remain in the forefront of our national policy debates. Deportation Factors and Crimes Involving Moral Turpitude Research indicates that since the late 1980s, Congress had been tightening the substantive provisions of the immigration laws, to make it far less likely that a convicted criminal alien can find a way to be relieved of expulsion. For many years the basic statutory pattern was

  • Immigration and Naturalization Service INS

    Immigration In recent years the issue of immigration has sparked a great deal of discussion. Although America is a nation of immigrants, there is also a deep-rooted belief that people should immigrate to America through the proper legal mechanisms. The purpose of this discussion is to investigate how the agency that governs immigration in the United States functions in its role. The research will focus on several facets of immigration including

  • Immigration a Comparison of Immigration

    This changed in the 1970s and 80s, when many nations closed their borders to immigrants and Italy became popular as a temporary and permanent stop for many immigrants (Caritas 2002). This created many of the same problems that the United States faces, including a large number of illegal immigrants entering and/or remaining in the country as well as the economic burden of vastly increased numbers of people -- legal and

  • Immigration Myths Some of the Myths Surrounding

    Immigration Myths Some of the myths surrounding immigration are based on misinformation, others on simple ignorance, still others on incorrect interpretations from the media. Based on the text and popular sources, it seems that there are four major myths -- despite the fact that the United States is, in fact, a nation of immigrants: Immigrants steal jobs from American citizens -- Immigrants count for 12% of the population, but 15% of the

  • Immigration the Impact of Immigration

    We can see that minority status has far less to do with population size, and instead seems very much to be inclined by race, ethnicity and political power instead. This label of minority status is in many ways used as a tag by which certain groups are detained from political unity or effectiveness. To a large degree, this is a condition which relates to the nature of the Hispanic demographic,

  • U S Involvement in the International Law Enforcement Academy

    ILEA's International Law Enforcement Academies The 1990's saw a tremendous change in the nature of international relations and international threats and crime in particular. The end of the Cold War and the fall of the Soviet Union opened a large portion of Central and Eastern Europe, formerly under the control of the U.S.S.R., to cooperation with nations of the West. This included the United States, which sought to improve international relations with

  • Home Security Reforming Immigration Reform Homeland Security

    Home Security Reforming Immigration Reform Homeland Security Reforming Immigration Reform In current years illegal immigration has turned out to be a topic that has brought up some significant political issues in the United States. A lot of the debate on illegal immigration emphases on a feasible route to United States citizenship. It would need to be pointed out that there are so many more persistent subjects which should be spoken about in

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved