Automobile On American Leisure One Research Paper

Length: 8 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Transportation Type: Research Paper Paper: #38714837 Related Topics: Car, Recreation And Leisure, Hybrid Cars, Theme Parks
Excerpt from Research Paper :



It was also during this time that more and more families were living in mobile home parks so, with their car, they could relocate at a much shorter notice. Harper's Magazine said of many of the new auto culture workers that their sense of community had been eroded somewhat by suburbia. When asked where their home was, some replied, "Do you mean where I was born, where I live now, where I lived a couple of years ago, where my folks live, or where I last voted?" (Schorr, 1958)

Greed and the Gas Pump (1976-1992) -- Automobiles changed with the time, the 1960s brought more and more imports from Europe and Japan, with the Volkswagon "Bug" even starring in its own movie series. As the Vietnam War ended, the Hippie generation faded, America faced a new, dual challenge with the automobile: imports were becoming even better and gas was getting more expensive. During th 1970s, motor vehicle registration increased by almost 50 million, but manner of fuel consuption changed. Gasoline shortages resulted in a 1974 speed limit of 55 miles per hour on all U.S. highways and the establishment of a new fuel economy standards. Politicians were critical of imported oil, and suddenly the idea of the car as the pinnacle of leisure activity became expensive. America was, however, too ingrained in the auto culture, too hooked on commuting, and even with the changes made during the Regan revolution, never again felt the freedom to use their cars the way they had in the 1950s and 1960s (Jakle and Sculle, 2002, 70-9).

Fuel Effeciency and Advanced Technology (1993-presnet) -- The automobile was no longer an American institution, even for Americans. Multi-giant car makers in Japan had a substantial portion of the market (Toyota, Acura, Honda, Lexus) and some of the newer and less expensive models in Hyndai and Kia; Europe continued to export Volkswagon, Audi, and Mercedes Benz -- all seemingly more in tune with the American personality that the Big 5 in Detroit. The trend became, especially for men, that the type of car, the customization, and even the brand, became a personality extension. This was complicated by a resurgence in ecological thinking and the green revolution, in which alternative fuels, hybrid or electric cars, were actively being marketed. Thus, we now have a leisure class who purchases a car to tell the world that they are politically correct (Subaru, Toyota Prius), active (SUV), a soccer Mom personality (Vans), financially secure (BMW, Mercedes, Lexus), or part of the "cool generation" (usually smaller Japanese sportscars tricked out including massive stereo systems) (Carducci, 2009, 13-15).

Technology, Fuel, and the Future of the Automobile - Increasingly, consumers are becoming more and more aware of the issues surrounding the environment and global warming issues. While recent news articles have indicated...

...

It is likely that, as we move forward into the 21st century, sea levels will rise, perhaps flooding coastal and economic centers; glaciers will retreat (dropping their water into the sea and changing the salinity and biodiversity), a shrinkage of the polar regions (which changes the earth's ability to process oxygen), and several secondary effects due to temperature and moisture changes (extreme weather, tropical diseases, changes in seasonal climates, lack of current agricultural regions to remain stable). All these changes are caused, in part, by the global explosion in fossil fuel consumption based on the internal combustion engine. This, in turn, may have serious cultural and political ramifications, as it is possible that much of the economic centers of the developed world will no longer exist. What is, however, quite clear, is the fact that it is no longer possible to do nothing or believe that this change will not occur -- the facts are available, what we as a species do will likely indicate the way we live for the next century and beyond. If one things of the earth as a large organism, a concept known as Gaia, then these large forest belts all over the world would be the lungs -- processing air and carbon dioxide and providing a stable environment for human habitation (Lovelock, 2000). Thus, the way the automobile impacted American leisure time for the last half of the 20th century, may not be practical for the 21st century. Instead, driving culture and the idea of the American automobile may go the way of the Edsel, and move into the world of virtual gaming, where gasoline costs remain immaterial.

RESOURCES AND WORKS CONSULTED

Global Warming. (2009, February 9). Retrieved 2010, from The New York Times: www.nyt.com

The 1930s - Cars Chugged Along Despite the Great Depression. (2009, January). Retrieved from Anythingaboutcars.com: http://www.anythingaboutcars.com/1930scars.html

Carducci, B. (2009). The Psychology of Personality. New York: John Wiley.

Corbett, D. (2005). The History of Cars From Past to Present. New York: Gareth Stevens Publishing.

Cross, G. (2004). Encyclopedia of Recreation and Leisure in America. Farmington Hills, MI: Charles Scribner's Sons.

Danesi, M. (2008). Popular Culture: Introductory Perspectives. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

Flink, J. (1975). The Car Culture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gladwell, M. (2002). The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. Boston: Back Bay Books.

Hinckley, J. (2005). The Big Book of Car Culture: Automotive Americana. Minneapolis, MN: Motorbooks.

Jakle and Sculle. (2002). The Gas Station in America. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lewis and Goldstein. (1983). The Automobile and American Culture. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.

Lovelock, J. (2000). Gaia: A New Look At…

Sources Used in Documents:

Lovelock, J. (2000). Gaia: A New Look At Life on Earth. New York: Oxtord University Press.

Schorr, A. (1958, June). Families on Wheels. Harper's (216), pp. 71-5.

Seiler, C. (2008). Republic of Drivers: A Cultural History of Automobility in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Cite this Document:

"Automobile On American Leisure One" (2010, July 25) Retrieved June 14, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/automobile-on-american-leisure-one-9488

"Automobile On American Leisure One" 25 July 2010. Web.14 June. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/automobile-on-american-leisure-one-9488>

"Automobile On American Leisure One", 25 July 2010, Accessed.14 June. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/automobile-on-american-leisure-one-9488

Related Documents
Amusement Parks in the American 1890's
Words: 2509 Length: 9 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 59769332

American Amusement Parks in the 1890s Amusement Parks in America in the 1890s In the years just before the dawn of the 20th Century, America was going through dramatic cultural, social, political and economic changes. The Industrial Revolution was reshaping the way Americans worked and played; an emerging "mass culture" was creating a "cultural upheaval" - as mentioned in the John F. Kasson book, Amusing the Million: Coney Island at the Turn

American Creative Industries - The
Words: 2278 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Film Paper #: 79920994

This presence has changed much of the personal behavior of individual spectators. A most relevant example in this case is given by the Cosby Show. In the series, Bill Cosby played a father of five and his real life expertise and education in child psychology offered screen information on how to deal with young and older children. This inspired several viewers to change their approach to children and learnt

American Airlines: Competitors and Five Forces Analysis
Words: 676 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Transportation Paper #: 63546549

Furthermore, while it is true that American recently implemented a refund and $50 voucher guarantee for consumers who find a lower possible fare to their destination, also to keep up with pricing pressure from low-cost carriers, Continental had already implemented such a guarantee first. This may contribute to the industry perception that once-dominant American Airlines is merely playing catch-up with even major carrier rival in terms of consumer incentives

Selling American Used Cars in
Words: 9639 Length: 35 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 32128668

Customer Roles At least three customer roles are needed for a marketplace transaction: (Ibid) 1. Buying, choosing a particular product or service; 2. Closing sale by paying for product or service; 3. Consuming or using product or service. Subsequently, one customer may be a buyer, a payer, or a user; or each of these roles may be filled by an organization; various individuals; or different departments. During the process of transforming a showroom visitor to

Automobile Culture in America Since 1945
Words: 1383 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Transportation Paper #: 97453280

Nation on Wheels: The Automobile Culture in America Since 1945, by Mark S. Foster. Specifically, it will contain a scholarly report on the book. NATION ON WHEELS Nation on Wheels" is a comprehensive look at the varied history of the automobile in America. While the book ostensibly covers the period in the auto's development from 1945 on, the author begins by "setting the stage" for the automobile's impressive history and impact

American Sports of NFL and NBA and Their Influence in Popular Culture...
Words: 2030 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Sports Paper #: 70386722

Sports and popular culture (NFL/NBA) Prelude Pop Culture Popular culture entails all forms of mass communication such as: Newspapers Radio Magazines Music Books and Cartoons and comics Advertising It is somewhat different compared to higher forms of cultural art such as: Classical music Artworks Conventional theatre In terms of mass communication, popular culture means messages which are intellectually and artistically limited primarily designed to entertain and humor the viewers (Hollander, 2014). Following the industrial revolution, the people had a lot of time to spare