Middle East And Patriarchy Essay

PAGES
5
WORDS
1565
Cite
Related Topics:

¶ … Growth of Patriarchy in Ancient Societies Patriarchy is a term used to denote an ideological and social construct that deems the patriarchs (males) to be superior to females. In the patriarchal social system, men's role as principal authority figures forms a crucial element of social organization, with men holding authority over material assets, women, and children. This construct enforces femininity and masculinity trait stereotypes in communities, thus reinforcing unfair power relationships between males and females (Rawat 44). This essay will discuss the role of diverse ancient civilizations in developing correlation factors associated with patriarchy's growth.

In Walby's opinion, patriarchy comprises of six interdependent components that constitute the basis for exploitation, namely, the household, the State, violence perpetrated by males against females, paid employment, cultural institutions and sexuality (Walby 1-5). Walby's definition of a patriarchal household is the domestic environment in which the homemaker and her efforts towards smooth management of family affairs and needs are scorned, unappreciated and belittled. At the domestic level, the husband represents the expropriating party. Patriarchy in paid employment deals with employment environments where females are given worse jobs, or accorded lesser pay compared to male colleagues for the very same position. The state's role in fostering patriarchy revolves around its support of patriarchal, capitalist, and racist interests, by deliberately not intervening or reacting slowly to complaints of bias against females (Rawat 44).

The component of violence, a disturbing occurrence, refers to discrimination and abuse of females due to the misguided belief that females are inferior and need to be subdued before males. This attitude typically leads to female abuse, a malice that society systematically experiences and tolerates, with the state looking the other way when it hears of instances of domestic abuse. With respect to sexuality in patriarchal communities, heterosexuality is the norm and any other sexual inclination is viewed as a desecration of patriarchal values, thereby being punishable by society and the law. Patriarchal society defends female objectification, does not censure open male regard of females, and views females as instruments to gratify male desires. Finally, patriarchal relations within cultural institutions regulate female conduct in public, including dress code and
Female subordination in agrarian or kin-ordered societies was connected to the peasantry or kin group's
reproduction and division of work based on gender. For instance, childbearing essentially represents a female labor task. However, just as capitalist society doesn't regard a worker's fabricated goods as his property, patriarchal societies do not regard a female's 'products' (whether children or material goods) as her property. Rather, all her efforts become the patriarchal family's (particularly male relatives') property. A tendency towards male domination is innate in the relationship between pre-capitalist agrarian families and the government's and landlords' world, in reproducing kin-ordered groups. Classic patriarchal approaches demean women by regarding them as property of a sort. Their honor represents the family's honor, which is largely dependent on their comportment and virginity (Moghadam 141).

The development of class system in civilization, and the agrarian revolution, raised certain remarks of a world-historical overpowering of females. But this was withdrawn because of a narrative which argued that female subordination -- the development of patriarchy implemented by Near Eastern ancient legal standards -- facilitated state power and private property development there and everywhere else across the globe (Moghadam 141-142).

Furthermore,…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Meyers, Carol L. "Was Ancient Israel a Patriarchal Society?" Journal of Biblical Literature 133.1 (2014): 8-27. Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Sept. 2016.

Moghadam, Valentine M. "Patriarchy in Transition: Women and The Changing Family in The Middle East." Journal of Comparative Family Studies 35.2 (2004): 137-162. Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Sept. 2016.

Rawat, Preeti S. "Patriarchal Beliefs, Women's Empowerment, And General Well-Being." Vikalpa: The Journal for Decision-Makers 39.2 (2014): 43-55. Business Source Complete. Web. 19 Sept. 2016.

Uberoi, Patricia. "The Family in India." Writing the women's movement: a reader. New Delhi: Zubaan (2005): 361-396.


Cite this Document:

"Middle East And Patriarchy" (2016, September 21) Retrieved June 13, 2024, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/middle-east-and-patriarchy-2162140

"Middle East And Patriarchy" 21 September 2016. Web.13 June. 2024. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/middle-east-and-patriarchy-2162140>

"Middle East And Patriarchy", 21 September 2016, Accessed.13 June. 2024,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/middle-east-and-patriarchy-2162140

Related Documents

Middle East Has the presence of oil in the Middle East had a significant impact on the peoples of non-oil-producing states in the region? If so, in what ways, exactly? Develop an argument with specific reference to AT LEAST TWO non-oil-producing states. and other Western powers, oil supplies are the only real interest in the Middle East, and most people in the region are well aware of this fact, and of

Women in Middle East
PAGES 3 WORDS 870

Women in Middle East Western Influence on the Lives of Islamic Women September 11th and the war on Iraq have managed to demonize and stereotype Islam in the popular Western mind even more than its foreign nature had independently achieved. In addition to the furor over Islam spawning terrorism, renewed attention has been pointed at the supposed oppression and abuse of women in Islamic cultures, to the degree that these human rights

Education of Women in the
PAGES 8 WORDS 2450

This is a small step towards the improvement of opportunities for women in the Middle East. However, Turkey is considered a "soft" power in the Middle East (Altunisik, 2005), so this small step alone is unlikely to result in immediate sweeping change. However, this does represent a small step and demonstrates that the women's movement is gaining strength. Middle Eastern culture centers on the village and the local conditions Societies

Middle East Literature: Portrayal of women in the Arabian Nights Introduction Women play a significant role in the Arabian Nights. Many of the stories and tales in the collection explore the nature, potential dangers, and limits of the sexual drive or desires of women. The frame narrative about women and their sexual desires starts to emerge when in a tale about the wife of a sultan and her affairs with a slave.

Deductive and Inductive Theory Construction There has been much controversy regarding feminism during recent decades and even though the contemporary society has reached a particularly advanced level when considering the idea of civilization, gender discrimination continues to occur in some areas. One's location is likely to be an important factor in making the respective individual more or less of a feminist. Geographic locations are thus essential in shaping a person's character

Gender Leila Ahmed's 1992 book Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate is divided into three parts. One is devoted to the pre-Islamic Middle East including Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean. This background section provides an historical and cultural context that is often omitted from discourse on gender and Islam. The second section of Women and Gender in Islam is on the founding discourses, and encompasses the period