Warm Peace In The Middle East Research Paper

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Introduction

Until recently, the history of the Arab states with regard to Israel has been one of conflict and cold peace. With the signing of the Abraham Accords, the UAE has turned a page in Arab-Israeli relations. It now appears that a warm peace is possible in the Middle East and that such a peace is being pursued by the UAE in the hopes that it will help to unthaw relations among the other Arab states. However, for many Arab populaces, Israel remains a state to be viewed with wary.

Israel has been in some sort of conflict with Palestine since its inception nearly a century ago. For most of this time, the Arab world has supported the Palestinian cause against Israel. Wars have been fought, such as the Six Day War, and Israels size has grown. The Palestinian people, meanwhile, have been at the mercy of their own leadership, Hamas and Hezbollah. Currently, the UAE views these organizations and leaders as terrorists who have led the Palestinian people astray.

Following the Six Day War, Egypt eventually sought to establish a peace with Israel through the Camp David Accords in 1978. That peace was celebrated as a breakthrough in Israeli-Arab relations, but it has mainly been characterized as a cold peaceone that focused on security rather than on cementing a warm friendship defined by mutual growth and well-being. Egypts subsequent fall into disarray proved the extent to which the Camp David Accords achieved lasting peace. Jordan followed suit two decades later with its own cold peace, but after a quarter century this political peace is barely remembered between the two states.

The UAE has approached Israel differently, however. It has predicated its talks with Israeli by adopting a win-win position, seeking not just a political peace or a security peace but rather a peace that can enable both states to prosper and benefit from formalized ties. To this end, the UAE and Israel plan to work together on trade, tourism, energy, agriculture, security, and moreto enhance one anothers economy and contribute to the overall prosperity of the Middle East.

To some degree, the UAE and Israel both recognize similar threats in the Middle East: Iran, Hezbollah, and Hamas are all seen by each as a source of concern. The formalization of ties between the UAE and Israel thus also represents a step towards addressing the elephant in the roomnamely the acquisition of nuclear power by Iran and what this may mean for peace in the Middle East.

There are many reasons the UAE has chosen now to formalize relations with Israel. For one thing, its economy has increased rapidly in recent years, and establishing a warm peace with Israel allows it to have one more trade partner to whom it can ship oil, which is what has allowed its economy to soar. The UAE is also in need of new agricultural technology, which Israeli companies can provide. Additionally, the time was ripe for this type of peace with the Trump Administration seeking to facilitate a turning point in Arab-Israeli relations. The UAEs dissatisfaction with Palestinian politicians and their ongoing corruption, the strategic and economic benefits of such a peace plan, the existence and growth of common enemies, and the need to secure a stable future for itself and for the Arab world all served as legitimate reasons to finally in 2020 reach out and formalize ties with Israel.

In this regard, the UAE has been unique in its approach to Israel. While it is true that other states, including Bahrain and Sudan, have also signed onto the Abraham Accords, and Egypt and Jordan too have both pursued...…asserted that it will not support the Palestinian leaders any longer because it views them as corrupt and as supporters of terrorism. The UAE wants Arabs to learn to live and get along with their Israeli neighbor, in a win-win situation from which all can benefit. It wants this because it realizes that Israel is not leaving the Middle East and it makes more sense, politically, socially, and economically to work with Israel than to fight against it.

If other states want to continue to fight against this reality, so be it. They have formed their own alliances, and the chips will fall where they may.

One thing is certain nonetheless. The UAE has the leverage now to influence much in the region. Its relationship with Israel is a game changer in the Middle East, and several states now have serious questions to ask themselves. Lines are being drawn, and the region will move forward peacefully, or it will break out into new conflict. If the latter occurs, there will be consequences not just for the Middle East but also for all the rest of the world. For that reason, all eyes are watching to see how the situation develops.

The Middle East has a lot riding on it in the 21st century. From east to west, the nations of the world all have a vested interest in how things play out. Iran, Israel, the UAE, Saudi Arabiathey are all major players on the worlds stage. Some are in a more powerful position than others; yet superpowers around the world will also bear some influence on the shape of things to come. The Abraham Accords may spell the opening first chapter of a new book being written in the Middle East. But that story still needs to be written, and it will be in…

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