Punishing the Mentally Ill Criminal Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

For example, they should be required to complete at least 20 hours of training on brain disorders. It is ideal if consumers and family members become part of the activity and process. It must also be emphasized that, in most cases, dangerous or violent acts committed by persons with these brain disorders are the consequence of neglect, inappropriate or inadequate treatment of their illness (NAMI).

The Alliance also contends that the unpopular insanity defense should be retained and should be tested according to both volitional and cognitive criteria or standards (National Alliance of Mental Illness 2006). At the same time, the Alliance opposes the adoption of laws or position on "guilty but mentally ill. Instead, it advocates systems, which will provide comprehensive, long-term care and supervision in hospitals and the community where such individuals are found who are "not guilty by reason of insanity," "guilty except for insanity," or similar laws concerning the insanity defense. The Alliance also pushes for the adoption of systems for helping these inmates and individuals suffering from serious brain disorders, who have served sentences and eligible for release on parole with appropriate treatment and services, which can help them get re-adjusted in the community. And the Alliance stiffly opposes death penalty for these particular offenders (NAMI).

The Alliance and the Public Citizens' Health Research Group released a 1992 report, entitled "Criminalizing the Seriously Mentally Ill (National Mental Alliance of Mental Illness 2006). The report said that the situation is worse today than ever before. It revealed increasing numbers of inmates with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other severe mental illnesses, who were abused in jails across the country. Most of these inmates ironically had not committed major crimes but only charged with minor misdemeanors or minor felonies directly related to or resulting from their untreated mental illness. Others were not charged at all. But their behavior deteriorated during their years of incarceration. The U.S. Department of Justice itself reported that 16% of all inmates in state and federal jails and prisons had schizophrenia, manic depressive illness, major depression and other severe forms of mental illness. These figures indicated that about 283,000 of them got behind bars on a daily basis. In comparison and contrast, there are only 70,000 patients with severe mental illness in public psychiatric hospitals and 30% of them are offender-patients. Furthermore, police also increasingly became front-line respondents to those with severe mental illnesses in times of trouble in the community. Needless to say, jail and prison conditions are terrifying to offenders with these illnesses and thus are not conducive to their effective treatment and handling. State facilities not only suffer from a lack of qualified mental health professionals who can recognize and respond to the needs of such inmates but also frequently respond to them by punishing, restraining or segregating them. These responses or acts render their symptoms worse. Inmates with severe mental illness likewise have no access to the newer state-of-the-art, atypical anti-psychotic drugs because of the expenses incurred. Federal and state prisons in general suffer from a lack of adequate rehabilitative services for these inmates' re-adjustment to their community when they are released. These trends can be gleaned from inadequate community mental health systems and services. In response, the establishment of widespread systems should effectively address their needs, such as assertive community programs, which would reduce criminalization in the country both by improving these services in the community and by providing appropriate treatment and support in the criminal justice systems (NAMI).


1. Amnesty International. (2006). The Execution of Mentally Ill Offenders. Amnesty International Library. http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/ENGAMR5002206

2. Anynomous. (2006). Forensic Psychiatry - Criminal. http://www.stanford.edu/group/psylawseminar/blank%20Page%206.htm

3. Fellner, J. (2006). A Corrections Quandary: Mental Illness and Prison Rules. http://www.law.harvard.edu/students/orgs/crc/vol41_2/fellner.pdf

4. Human Rights Watch (2006). Difficulties Mentally Ill Prisoners Face Coping in Prison. Human Rights Watch.org. http://www.hrw.org/reports/2003/usa1003/7.htm

5. Moss VM and Patton P (2000). The Need for Treatment of the Incarcerated Mentally Ill. Center for Justice. http://www.therapeuticjustice.com/programPDF/Mentally%20111%20in%20jail%20website%209-14-03.pdf

6. National Alliance of Mental Illness (2006). The Criminalization of People with Mental Illness. NAMI. http://www.nami.org/Content/ContentGroups/Policy/WhereWeStand/The_Criminalization_of

7. North Country Gazette. (2006). No Solitary Confinement for Inmates with Mental Illness. New York Association of Psychiatric Rehabilitation Services. http://www.nyaprs.org/pages/View_ENews_cfm?ENewsID=5760[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Punishing The Mentally Ill Criminal" (2006, July 25) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/punishing-the-mentally-ill-criminal-71129

"Punishing The Mentally Ill Criminal" 25 July 2006. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/punishing-the-mentally-ill-criminal-71129>

"Punishing The Mentally Ill Criminal", 25 July 2006, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/punishing-the-mentally-ill-criminal-71129

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Criminal Behavior

    Criminal Behavior Approaches to Understand Criminal Behavior Psychological Approaches Sociological Approaches Biological Approaches Psychosurgery Chemical Methods of Control Imagine yourself having a walk in the premises of your house and a stone come flying through the boundary wall and hits you. As a layman, one might face difficulty in defining this incident. It can be termed as an assault, an act of violence or a criminal offence. This is a layman's term to define this act but

  • Criminal Justice History of Criminalities

    Choices, controlled by fear are another core principle that advocates for fear inducement that will enable individuals keep away from crime. This principle supports three strikes legislation, since with a repetition of crime it comes with a severe judgment that enables first crime offenders fear and keep away from crime. Core principle of severity calls for a severe punishment on a violent crime and depending on the nature of

  • Criminal Insane Defense the Insanity Defense Has

    Criminal Insane Defense The insanity defense has been a topic of much controversy because of its perceived means of excusing someone from a crime that has been committed. Although much is perceived of the insanity defense as a way to avoid accountability, it is actually the least used defense strategy because of its extreme difficulty is proving it (Knoll & Resnick, 2008). Every individual is different, but someone trying to plead

  • Criminal Justice Process Considerable Attention

    Does the criminal justice system discriminate? Provide support your position with reference to the various components of the process, and give an explanation for either why the system discriminates, or why it appears to discriminate. Yes, the criminal justice system discriminates. African-American males are overrepresented in every part of the criminal process, though there has been no good evidence to show that they actually engage in criminal behavior at rates

  • Criminal Procedures Chapter 1 Provides

    These may include dismissals and mistrials, as well as appeals. The chapter details some of the notional elements around double jeopardy, including the situations in which same offense can be defined as such. Essay Gilbert Law Summaries on Criminal Procedure is another excellent book from the Gilbert Law Summaries series. The first thing that needs to be mentioned is that this book comes as close as possible to being an overly

  • Death Penalty for the Mentally Retarded

    Capital Punishment (Death Penalty) and Mentally Retarded In July 2002, the United States Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional to execute mentally retarded prisoners. This ruling reflects a shift in the Court's previous position, when it ruled in 1989 that such executions did not entail "cruel or unusual punishment" nor did they violate the Constitution's Eighth Amendment. Despite the ruling, however, the debate about the death penalty and mental retardation continues. Human rights

  • How the Criminal Justice System Works

    Criminal Justice System After heavy bombardment on London by fighter plans of Germany in Second World War, someone asked Winston Churchill that would Britain live long! Churchill replied immediately that if our courts are providing justice then there is no question about existence of Britain, which they are. Similarly, in World War 1 and World War 2 where Jews were brutally killed by Nazis then some of the Jews got refuge

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved