Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Essay:
Texas Laws Regarding Illegal Drugs
Vice, Drugs and the Law
Dr. Lance Hignite
Texas Laws Regarding Illegal Drugs
The history of the United States policy towards drugs in general is a two-dimensional frame, the first being supply reduction, the reduction and control of the supply of drugs through legislation, law enforcement, interdiction, sentencing, and incarceration, and the second being demand reduction, the reduction of the demand for drugs. Demand reduction is operationalized through education, prevention and treatment (Jensen & Gerber, 1996).
The war on drugs has largely been waged in the south-western border region of the United States. Five federal border districts including California South, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas West, and Texas South alone are responsible for roughly one quarter of federal narcotics prosecutions annually. Narcotics cases make up roughly 30% of the federal criminal caseload each year, and the number of Hispanic and noncitizen defendants prosecuted in U.S. federal courts has risen steadily over the past two decades. In 1991, noncitizens comprised about 23% of persons prosecuted in federal courts; by 2009, nearly 45% of those prosecuted were noncitizens (Hartley & Armendariz, 2011).
Texas is a state known to have one of the strictest laws in regards to the possession of illegal drugs and narcotic substances. They have dire consequences against those caught in possession of, or caught using these banned substances. The punishments include probation, fines, temporary loss of the driver's license at the initial level and jail time when it comes to extreme cases (Anderson, 2005).
The punishment and action also depends on various factors like the quantity or weight of drugs that the person is found to be in possession of, how the drug was concealed or stored, what kind of drug it is and how long this has been going on (repeat offenses). The specifics are considered and the results are then measured in order to determine the way the situation will be handled. Most of the violations of this kind are mentioned under the Texas Penal Code. The Texas Controlled Substances Act as well as the Health and Safety Code also deal with the issues of illegal drug possession (Drug Possession Laws, 2011).
There are different forms of punishment depending on the kind of drug found in someone's possession. Drugs like cocaine, heroin and methamphetamine may have a minimum penalty of two years imprisonment along with a fine of about $10,000 but in circumstances where the case is more serious and the amount is substantial, this can lead to extreme circumstances of life sentences for amounts exceeding 400 grams of the drug. Drugs like Ecstasy, PCP, and Mescaline can carry fines up to $50,000 or a life sentence. These drugs are treated as Penalty Group 2 under Texas drug laws. On the other hand, Valium, Ritalin and other prescription drugs come in the Penalty Group 3 category and have more serious consequences for lower amounts of possession like 200 grams and are highly fined (Provine, 2007). Category 4 consists of compounds that contain Dionine, Motofen, Buprenorphine or Pryovalerone. Marijuana is its own classification and is defined in the health code as any Cannabis sativa plant. The laws make no differentiation as to whether it is growing or not, the seeds of the plant and any preparation of the plant such as a joint or a package containing dried and shredded buds is illegal under the law (Texas Penal Code, n.d.).
Just like with simple possession laws in Texas, the punishments for the manufacture or delivery of drugs differ according to the weight or amount of the drug that is in question. These are the punishments for the weights in the five penalty groups:
"Less than one gram -- 180 days to 2 years in a stat jail and a fine up to $10,000
1 gram or more but less than 4 grams -- 2 to 20 years in a state prison and a fine up to $10,000
4 grams or more, but less than 200 grams -- 5 to 99 years in a state prison and a fine up to $10,000
200 grams or more, but less than 400 grams -- 10 to 99 years in a state prison and a fine up to $100,000
400 grams or more 15 to 99 years and a fine up to $250,000" (Texas Penal Code, n.d.).
The Texas Code…[continue]
"Texas Laws Regarding Illegal Drugs" (2012, March 08) Retrieved December 11, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/texas-laws-regarding-illegal-drugs-54846
"Texas Laws Regarding Illegal Drugs" 08 March 2012. Web.11 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/texas-laws-regarding-illegal-drugs-54846>
"Texas Laws Regarding Illegal Drugs", 08 March 2012, Accessed.11 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/texas-laws-regarding-illegal-drugs-54846
8% of U.S. households were headed by an immigrant and received 6.7% of all cash benefits; by 1990, 8.4% of households were headed by an immigrant and received 13.1% of all cash benefits (Borjas, 1995, pp. 44-46). Immigrants in different categories (both legal and illegal) have been eligible to receive certain welfare benefits. Legal immigrants are eligible after three to five years of residence, though asylum applicants and refugees are eligible
Illegal Immigration Both the United States government and individual state governments as well are concerned about the high rate of illegal immigration into our country. There are several reasons for this. Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the country recognizes great need to know exactly who is in the United States. In addition, many worry that illegal immigrants take jobs that would otherwise go to people who are legally
Illegal Immigration Cost Cost to the California Criminal Justice System of Illegal Immigration The illegal immigration debate in the United States has taken center stage recently because the President and Congress have decided that is finally time to deal with the situation. Although there have been many stated solutions, it seems that no one can reach a conclusion that is satisfactory to all. In the past year the President has signed an
All too often, the human stories of how and why certain people get involved in such rings are avoided. Tobon looked past this, and has become a valuable person to the Colombian community. The police even call him now, when they find the body of a mule. One way in which to deprive criminals of their unsuspecting dupes is by eliminating backbreaking poverty, by giving individuals a chance to
Mexico: Terrorism and Organized Crime The convergence in numerous means of organized criminal activities that include terrorism and drug trafficking is a developing concern in the United States and the entire world. Some professionals in this filed imply that the increasing number of cases of terrorism and organized crime groups are jointly coordinated and the trend is increasingly developing into a worldwide phenomenon (Rollins 2). These occurrences pose a great and
Mexico U.S. Drug Trade Border The challenges of an extremely volatile economy are significant in any culture or population but one of the starkest situations today is the extreme variation between the economies of Mexico and the United States, which shares a 3,000-mile long border. The variations of the economies are so extreme and poverty is such a challenge in Mexico that hundreds of thousands and possibly millions of people cross
Hernandez vs. Texas and its Importance to Latinos in the U.S. Studies conducted in the past have clearly indicated that some racial groups are overrepresented in the U.S. criminal justice system. There have been claims that some stages of the criminal justice system disadvantage some groups, with some of the disadvantaged groups being Asian-Americans, Hispanics, and African-Americans. This text largely concerns itself with the U.S. Supreme court ruling of Hernandez vs.