Ethics and Corporate Responsibility
The following will be an assessment of firm referred to as PharmaCARE. The assessment will concentrate on the idea of companies that have encountered negative outcomes as a result of company business activities. CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act) will be brought up in this assessment in addition to other environmental safeguarding proposals and human social theories in regards to environmental and work ethics.
A new initiative, We CARE about YOUR world, was recently initiated by PharmaCARE, declaring its dedication to the environment via modifications in packaging, recycling, and other green programs. This was possible in spite of the fact that the firm's lobbying attempts and PAC have effectively conquered environmental policies, such as the broadening of the Superfund tax that was established by Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Situated in New Jersey, PharmaCARE sustains a huge production facility in the African nation of Colberia. It was in Colberia that the firm discovered various doctors who were excited to freely share data concerning indigenous treatments and plenty of Colberians ready to work for $1.00 per day, harvesting plants through covering five miles into and out of the jungle carrying along with them baskets which weighed up to fifty pounds when full. Owing to the low living standards of Colberia, majority of the population dwell in ancient huts that lack both running water and electric power. However, PharmaCARE managers stay in lavish compounds complete with tennis courts, swimming pools, and golf courses. PharmaCARE's widespread actions in Colberia have led to the destruction of habitats and jeopardy of the native species.
Stakeholders possess certain traits that are influenced by the kind of stakeholder one is or where they work. For instance:
Owners and Shareholders (Karkhanis):
The number of owners and the tasks they perform vary in accordance to the farm size.
There might only be one owner (sole retailer) in the small enterprises or maybe a small number of associates (partnership).
There are frequently huge quantities of shareholders in the huge companies, who each possess a small portion of the enterprise.
Come up with decisions
Have a responsibility towards the owner(s).
Employees or Staff (Karkhanis):
They consent to work for a certain number of hours in return for a salary.
The levels of payment differ with proficiency, age, location, type of work and others.
The purchase the goods or services produced by the companies.
They might be individuals or other enterprises.
Companies should understand and satisfy the needs of their clients, failing which they will not make profit.
Companies and the communities they are located in, are in a two-way kind of relationship.
Majority of the company's clients and employees are usually from the local community.
The enterprise frequently provides goods and services essential to the local region.
However, in certain instances, the community feels upset by various actions conducted by the company.
Certain economic guidelines have an effect on the company's cost; via interest rates and taxation.
Legislation controls the operations enterprises can engage in, in regions, like occupational safety and health.
Flourishing companies are suitable for governments since they are sources of employment and wealth.
In this instance, the stakeholders shall be PharmaCARE, the doctors, and the people of Colberia including New Jersey's state government.
Human Rights Issues
The decision made by President Obama in the previous week to reverse U.S. policy and support a U.N. pronouncement on indigenous people's rights has sparked off discussions on if his action could increase the American Indian legal allegations over the mistreatments they have experienced since the colonial era. The president publicized his decision last week at the White House Tribal Nations Conference, leaving the U.S. As the last country to approve the announcement; which had been refuted by the Bush administration from its adoption in 2007 (Berger, 2007).
The non-binding U.N. document...
These ideas are not completely new. As depicted by a wave of current settlements, American Indians possess legal rights to take up discrimination and other allegations against the government. The Obama government argues that it is providing closure to some ancient discrimination and in the process is attempting to strengthen the tribal communities. On the other hand, there exists concern among some concerning the end of the proceedings and the settlements; right on the heights of the Pigford and Cobell cases, a pair of discrimination litigations filed by female and Hispanic laborers is making its way to the courts (Berger, 2010).
Tom Vilsack, the Secretary of Agriculture, has proposed that he intends to close the chapter on them too. Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa, who has been specifically vital to the Pigford allegations procedure, mentions that he is curious concerning the exceptional rights that could be passed on by the U.N. document on indigenous individuals. This particular deed would somehow be in contravention of Colberia's situation. The rights of the individuals who are indigenous to the location are being foregone for the comfort of PharmaCARE. PharmaCARE took away land from the region to build their lavish compounds while the locals of the region stay in huts which would barely pass for adequate shelter (Berger, 2010).
Various modifications can be made by PharmaCARE to alter their ethics for the better. For instance, the communication with patients appeared to be given little priority. Patients were hardly ever informed about the diagnosis, and whatever the patients were told was not passed on to the doctors. A study of 100 letters sent to general practitioners from well recognized surgical units was conducted in 1974. Every patient was diagnosed of confirmed cancer (Calman, 2004).
The general practitioners were informed about the diagnosis in all cases in addition to the description of the surgical process. Once again, my skill as a professor of oncology, in 1974, taught me that it was not common for the patient to be informed about the diagnosis prior to referral. However, things have now changed greatly for the better. Patients are now viewed as complete partners during the procedure and are involved in decision-making. PharmaCARE should hence take the necessary steps to extend to the population of Colberia to see what can be done in connection to what people want and changing the scenario for the better.
Expert values unify groups and offer a means of protecting the public. Expert self-control is hence an outcome of developing primary values, as well as a technique for us understanding modifications in the knowledge basis, novel clinical methods, and modifications in the society values as a whole. Units like the General Medical Council and the state medical councils, are therefore very significant (Calman, 2004).
What is the purpose of values? With regards to being experts, PharmaCARE can make observations to establish what they can alter in the circumstance. Is there anything they can mend with reference to the people? Is there any means by which they can promise to make future key decisions in the most moral manner?
Presently that there exists vivid proof that various lifestyle subjects are strongly related with poor health, with smoking being the clear example, it was just a tiny step to propose that those patients having smoking associated illness should not receive treatment at the National Health Service (NHS) because they had invited the disease themselves. Such a perspective, proposed by various organizations and doctors, would have been put under consideration 20 years ago. Comparable issues could come up with gross obesity, HIV infection and drug abuse (Calman, 2004). To some extent, a similar issue can be viewed regarding the Colberian population.
PharmaCARE's plan in the United States which promises recycling, together with other green proposals is counteracted by their lobbying attempts which were not environmental friendly. In addition, it counters their management of the land and jeopardized life species in Colberia. Hence, their actions seem hypocritical. In 1980, CERCLA was endorsed to fight the fatal health and environmental risks created by industrial pollution. The law requires the president to fund cleanup endeavors from the "Hazardous Substance Superfund" ("Superfund" or the "Fund") upon attainment of specific statutory requirements. Presidential deeds are usually executed via the Environmental Protection Agency (the"EPA"), by a commission of executive authority also approved within the Act (Rotter, 2009).
Outlaws from the fund might be regained via deeds allowed against four classes of likely responsible parties, with the inclusion of any individual who at the period of discarding of any dangerous substance possessed or operated any facility. The Act also offers cleanup liabilities that do not entail expenses from the Fund, like the retrieval of necessary costs of reply sustained by any individual and any damages, loss of natural resources, or obliteration. PharmaCARE, on the other hand, eventually…
Ethics in for-Profit and Not-for-Profit Companies *****************this assignment*********** Annotated Bibliography Annotated bibliography: Ethics in for-profit and not-for profit companies Barkemeyer, R., Holt, D., Figge, F., & Napolitano, G. (2010). A longitudinal and contextual analysis of media representation of business ethics. European Business Review, 22(4), 377-396. This article is a survey of the contemporary media's representation of business ethics, encompassing a meta-analysis of 62 international newspapers. Particularly in the U.S., the emphasis was upon 'hot' scandals
Ethics The employee is faced with ethical requirements throughout their workday that must be met with knowledge and a trained attitude. Workplace ethics is one of the most crucial elements whether the person involved in an ethical dilemma is a high-level manager or an entry-level employee. An ethical stance is important because it is what guides the interactions that the employees will have with each other, their management, and the customers
Ethics in the Workplace Ethics in Workplace Ethics in relation to the use of Computer technology: Ethics governing computer technology, the electronic data, personal information, and related situations have been of much debate in the information technology circles. The rules and regulations regarding this 'computer technology' seem to be very loose and flexible, and are often not given much regard. The field is in its adolescence phases and therefore not much has been
.. A series of symbols used to represent things. [and it is] a process of "coding and then decoding these symbols" (Lewis, 2006). And what must never be lost is that both speaker and listener are stakeholders in the process. Moreover, when the peaceful management of culturally diverse workers is pivotal to the success of a company, it's important to remember that "intention is not a necessary condition for communication,"
Ethical Dilemma and Corporate Responsibility Board of Directors RE: Response to Ethical dilemma created by the relocation program I am writing this memo to inform the directors that this company is faced by an ethical dilemma. The ethical dilemma presented in this report is based on challenges of balancing corporate loyalty and corporate responsibility. This report advises the Project Management office (PMO) on the possibility of applying Workers Adjustment and Retaining Notification (WARN)
Part I Three concepts presented by Palmer (2012) that can be used to help explain the type of culture that contributed to the Columbia disaster are: 1) general endorsement of wrongdoing (Palmer, 2012, p. 69); 2) the stipulation of extenuating circumstances (Palmer, 2012, p. 72); and 3) denial of responsibility (Palmer, 2012, p. 73). In the Columbia disaster, the shuttle had been shedding foam which damaged the craft and led to