Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Political Interest Groups and Presidential Elections
Within the United States and other democratic nations political interest groups are among "the most important institutions that define the character of the political system" (Thomas & Lynne, 3). Political interest groups are among other things a liaison between the public and government officials. Political interest groups often invest heavily in Presidential elections. Why? Ultimately political interest groups are interested in having their agenda pushed through during a given session. This means most political groups will do anything and everything necessary to get a candidate elected that sides with their interests. The electoral process as it stands now is set up to ensure a candidate is elected that will represent the interests and needs of the people. Because political interest groups represent the needs of certain groups of people within the U.S., they are an important aspect of most presidential campaigns.
The Influence Of Interest Groups In Campaigns
One example of a political interest group that recently influenced a presidential election is the case of the Swift Vets and POWs for Truth. This organization recently influenced the John Kerry and President Bush campaign. A nonprofit organization, the Swift Boats recently paid for a highly damaging campaign within the media suggesting that John Kerry presidential hopeful lied about his service in Vietnam. The nonprofit organization was able to spend money and place ads on television that were not subject to the regulations in place by the federal regulatory commission which currently monitors ads endorsed by presidential electorates. It is very likely that these ads, which portrayed John Kerry in a negative light, swayed more than one voter to Bushes side. The intent of the ads was to get the message across that not only was John Kerry a liar, but also an individual that would not stand the test of time and fight for his country when needed.
Political interest groups however do have freedom of speech. They provide a forum or support network if you will of people that support a common cause or position. Because these groups are often comprised of citizens, they are recognized and supported throughout the nation.
Benedict, Burbank & Hrebenar (1999) suggest that political groups including interest groups are "the essence of contemporary American politics" (p. 1). Political interest groups often are considered more powerful than political parties themselves, largely because of the influence they hold over ordinary people. Interest groups often also get more attention than formal political parties (Benedict, et. al, 1999). Part of interest groups strength lies in their lobbying power, which is the process of basically pressuring government agents to sway one way or another with respect to important legislation.
Political interest groups invest their time and energy in a wide range of activities that often according to some "challenge political parties traditional campaign lair" (Benedict, et. al, 1). Presidential elections are a prime target for political interest groups in part because they provide a superb forum or arena for interest groups to get their views known to larger groups of potential supporters.
Political interest groups have actively participated in elections since the dawn of time. The Republican party during the 1850s was influenced by abolitionist interest groups that "used the party as a vehicle to pursue their policy goal of ending slavery" (Benedict, et. al, 4). Labor unions, also considered a powerful political interest groups, exhibited much pressure and force over party campaigns and elections through the early 1930s (Benedict, et. al, 4).
Some may go as far to consider American elections as a battleground for political parties and interests groups to battle their causes (Benedict, et. al 1999). Part of the attraction again of electoral campaigns is the tremendous media attention and ability to influence voters that are easily swayed or have not yet made up their mind regarding a particularly candidate. Political interest groups not only influence presidential elections, but also have influenced government and public campaigns targeted at electing local officials.
Part of the power that interest groups have lies in the money they have to back their cause and campaigns (Thomas & Rienner, 2001). The federal government currently places limitations on the amount of money presidential candidates or other officials can spend within an election. There is only so much media coverage a candidate can buy. Interest groups however, often backed by wealthy supporters, can infuse as much money as they desire into…[continue]
"Political Interest Groups" (2005, September 27) Retrieved October 22, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/political-interest-groups-68194
"Political Interest Groups" 27 September 2005. Web.22 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/political-interest-groups-68194>
"Political Interest Groups", 27 September 2005, Accessed.22 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/political-interest-groups-68194
Interest Groups and How Their Influence on Public Policy Interest Groups and their influence on public Policy Interest groups are clusters of people that come into existent to make stresses on government. The leading interest groups that are located in the United States are financial or occupational, but a range of other clusters -- philosophical, public interest, foreign policy, government itself, and ethnic, religious, and cultural -- have memberships that cut across
Interest Groups Seek Influence Public Policy Interest Groups Seek Influence Making Public Policy Define an interest group, with examples An interest group can be described as an association that is formally organized that is in pursuit of influencing public policy. The wider description, scholars using it increasingly, older contrasts with it, narrower ones, which are inclusive of private associations only that their formal organization is distinct like Italy's General Confederation of industry and
Interest Groups Describe the different types of interest groups (single issue groups and public interest groups) and the goals that each type pursues. Single-issue interest groups are exactly that: groups concerned with one issue, and one issue only. Although the single interest might overlap with broader issues or related interests, the main goal of a single-interest group is to promote legislation related to the target area. For example, the National Rifle Association
Interest Groups A FORCE TO RECKON WITH Special Interest Groups An interest group, or a special interest group, is a group of concerned individuals who share common goals (JB-HDNP, 2012). They connect the public to lawmakers and vice versa. They try to sway public opinion, election, and public policy (JB-HDNP). Special interest groups make strong demands on the government (Magleby et al., 2010). These groups may be economic or occupational, ideological, public interest,
Interest groups are organizations of people with similar policy goals who intend to influence a process to achieve their policy goals. Interest groups have been their since time immemorial with some being as old as the independent United States. Interest groups normally persuade elected representatives to share their point-of-view especially in democracies. In fact, they are a necessary requirement for democracies. A more universal definition of interest groups is a
Schlesinger defines a political party as a "group organized to gain control of government in the name of the group by winning election to public office" (1153). This is different to an interest group who wishes to influence public policy. A political party wants to control the government and therefore create policy. Additionally, the members of the political party are focused on winning an "election to public office" as the
The best that they can hope for is to influence a political party to get behind their cause and vote to have it adopted. Political parties on the other hand, have the power and ability to change laws and mandates by their voting clout. References Democratic Party (accessed 5-1-07) http://www.democrats.org/a/party/history.html Interest Groups (accessed 5-1-07) http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=0216125-00&templatename=/article/article.html Republican Party (accessed 5-1-07) http://www.mcgop.net/History.htm Walker, Jack L., Jr., Mobilizing Interest Groups in America (Univ. Of Mich. Press 1991).