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The World Health Organization estimates that at least 15% of the world human population in non-developed countries lacks access to potable water. Because of this, at least 1/2 of the world's poor populations are infected with one or more of the main viral or parasitic diseases associated with rank or polluted water (Briscoe, Postel and de Villiers) . Changes in global population growth, unwise agricultural policies, and rapid and unchecked overdevelopment have skewed this balance to the point where almost 1 billion people lack access to safe water, resulting in almost 4 million deaths due to water related diseases annually. Ironically, less than 1% of the total fresh water globally is available for daily and direct human consumption. This is quite dramatic when one considers that a single American who takes a 5-minute shower uses more what than an individual in much of the developing world uses in an entire day. This is a crisis that must be addressed, if it is not, over the next two decades the average supply of water per person will drop by over 30%, condemning millions of people and animals to death (Atlas of a Thirsty Planet).
The overall template of globalization as an economic and cultural reality is no longer theoretical. The theory is quite sound: if countries are tied economically they are far more likely to act in a congenial and developmental manner than if resources are kept scarce. Technology has certainly advanced this concept. We live in a world in which the Internet and cellular technology make it possible for borders to be completely transparent, and at almost any time one can actually speak with a live person in virtually any country in the world. Not only does this increase economic cooperation, it cannot help but create a sense of cultural warmth and congeniality that transcends centuries of political mistrust or rivalry. This was clearly accentuated with the end of the Cold War; characterized by both the opening of China to the West and the demise of the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc. Instead of the World being aligned in two major political camps -- communism and capitalism, or even East vs. West, much of the world now chooses to realign based on economic cooperation and the reality of a global culture. There are clear challenges within this; the developing world is impatient for the goods and services of the developed world, and anxious to bypass the century's long development process. The developed world, realizing that it cannot simply use the rest of the world as resource rich colonies without consequences, now sees the benefit in helping less developed areas modernize. Even fifty years ago, it is unlikely that many Europeans would have predicted the European Union and demise of so many national borders; open trade with Russia, and China as one of the West's major creditors (Steger, 2008, 41-82).
However positive the idea of globalism appears, and it certainly is far more optimistic than the paradigm of war, there are disagreements, strife, and conflict. The rapid development of much of the Third World, and Russia to an extent has clear ecological consequences. Scientists remain concerned about the carbon footprint of these rapidly developing states, as well as the unchecked amount of pollutant that are the result of uncontrolled factory development. We have, however, begun to understand that no factory, no country, nor even any continent exists in isolation; but is instead a part of a more complex global, interdependent, organism. In so many environmental ways; pollution, global warming, water and food shortages, and even a disparity of some resources (over fishing, etc.) the world has changed. The question is, are humans wise enough to proactively adapt to that change with solid, functional, and quantifiable solutions?
"Atlas of a Thirsty Planet." July 2002. Nature.com. Cited in:
Houghton, J. (2009). Global Warming: The Complete Briefing. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lovelock, J. (2010). The Vanishing Face of Gaia: A Final Warning. New York:
Markham, a. (1994). A Brief History of Pollution. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Steger, M. (2008). Gloabalisms: The Great ideological Struggle of the 21st Century.
New York: Rowman and Littlefield.
Weiss, R. et.al. (June 16, 2009). "Authoritative Assessment of National, Regional
Impacts of Global Climate Change," United States Agency for International
Development," Cited in: http://www.globalchange.gov/images/cir/pdf/Climate-Impacts-PR_june-6-2009.pdf[continue]
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This was due to death of one of its greatest leaders, Aurangzeb early 1709. Leadership was seemingly absent as the last of the old and experienced leaders passed on and the new leaders took over. One of the new leaders, referred to as the nawab of Bengal took control of the British port and ordered for payment of increased tax from the British. This move was obviously advised by
Industrial Revolution and Political Systems Justify your choice of the two most significant social consequences of the Industrial Revolution. The industrial revolution brought with it a mix of influences, some of which were good and yet others were negative to the society. The major consequences of industrialization that are of interest here are the change in the social structure of the society and the heightening of social unrest around Europe. As Gregory Clark
The pioneering spirit of colonialism and of man's ability to make advances in stages of life primarily assigned to nature -- such as the aforementioned innovations in electricity and magnetism -- were all championed by the Enlightenment and carried over to the field of industry. Additionally, the Enlightenment helped provide some of the political context which helped to create environments in which the scientific and cultural achievements of the Industrial
For the overall country however, it meant an incremental desire for high productivity levels and an openness to new techniques (Wallace, 1989). The colonies and the British fleet Aside the status and movements within agriculture, another major part was played by the colonies. Great Britain had numerous colonies across the globe, meaning that it enjoyed not only labor force, but also financial and material contributions. England had fought countless battles and
The names of British factory cities would soon spread around the world symbolizing the peak of industrialization: Liverpool, Leeds, Glasgow, Sheffield, Birmingham and especially Manchester. In order to get a better image of the city's growth and development, we will turn to statistics once again. In the 1770s, Manchester had a population of about 25, 000 and by 1850, less than a century later, its population had increased to
Industrial Revolution in America Countless historical events and cultural impacts have influenced the future of the American culture and society since the period of the Industrial Revolution. Drastic changes were brought to men, transforming their ways of life into convenience and improvement through the advance discoveries of the geniuses of the past and the revolution of diverse industries. Without the era of the industrial revolution, our lifestyles today, in terms of
The overall shift of the population was also significant -- in pre-industrial England more than three-quarters of the population lived in cities; by mid nineteenth century over half of the population lived in cities (Ashton, 49). The United States experienced similar urbanization as a result of the industrial revolution. In 1860 there were only 9 American cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants but by 1900, such cities had increased