Quality Of Life Impact Urinary Incontinence Research Paper

Length: 6 pages Sources: 5 Type: Research Paper Paper: #95218313 Related Topics: Women, Physical Health, Risk Factors, Social Isolation Published June 15, 2022
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Definition of Quality Of Life Impact of Male Urinary Incontinence

Quality of life could be defined as the level of health and comfort in the lives of human beings as they would have experienced it, most relevantly being a positive impact on life. It should not be related to social isolation or disconnection from friends, and family members as that negatively influence ones health (Mallah et al., 2014).

It is mostly said to come with age since aging is a natural risk factor for urinary incontinence in both males and females. Therefore, it is considered a physical and psychological impediment in enjoying the good times and hence is not talked about openly (Pizzol et al., 2020). It is considered a shame as it is deemed to produce negative outcomes. This negativity imposes adverse life consequences on psychological health, such as depression, anxiety, social segregation, and a decrease in overall life happenings.

Urinary incontinence is also said to impose restricted lifestyles on mens daily lives as they feel it to be a social problem. They feel that it does not let them be positively on their own in front of others; the recurrent need to visit the washroom in the presence of others naturally calls for others attention towards them, leading to shame and rejection. It also causes further problems in employment and life at home, especially with spouses and children.

The Causes/ Risks on Quality Of Life on Men with Urinary Incontinence

Age is one of the prominent risk factors that impact male urinary incontinence. Regardless of the fact women face more problems regarding urinary incontinence in either middle or old age, men are reported to have more severe impacts on their psychological wellbeing and overall quality of life when they suffer from this physical trouble (Teunissen et al., 2006).

However, quality of life is taken as a multi-dimensional construct of life that could be measured along the lines of physical health, mental health, and even social and emotional wellbeing of individuals globally. These are the self-perceptions by the affected individuals related to a consensus on the best form of life quality that they would have experienced, particularly when they had suffered from urinary incontinence. Specifically for men, they are found to be out of control when experiencing urinary incontinence compared to women who prefer taking precautions when the problem is faced.

Diabetes is another risk or causal factor for urinary incontinence, but data is available on how this problem impacts mens quality of life. Since the problem is highly prevalent in females and they have sought help, males find it hard to mention this problem to a physician and ask for treatment.

Males who have diabetes choose to keep the problem to themselves as they think they are better off to have learned to live with it (Northwood et al., 2021). For this reason, they opt to buy precautionary undergarments in bulk quantities when they think they might not have enough time to make it to the bathroom.

Heart stroke and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) have been associated with male urinary incontinence, resulting in low quality of life (Alshammari et al., 2020). There is a strong association between heart problems and urinary incontinence in men, especially in old age when heart problems visibly affect ones physical health. Physical discomfort and complications start arising in social life and their relationships as old age are already subjected to loneliness.

Limited data has been found regarding males quality of life is affected by urinary incontinence after stroke. However, studies suggest that nursing intervention and carefully strategized care management for urinary incontinence, and related stroke symptoms have shown better results (Thomas et al., 2008).

Comorbidities, obesity, and poor health are risk factors that could affect urinary incontinence and result in poor…from urinary incontinence. It encompasses 22 items with five-0poiunt ordinal scaling for the participants to record their responses. The subscales included in the 22 items are psychological impacts, avoiding and limitations in behavior, and social embarrassment, which could be feasibly used for male urinary incontinence attitudes for their wellbeing. The evaluation is finally done by adding the unweighted items scores and then changing to a 100 point scale for detecting whether the quality of life rating is severe (rating 0) or is a no problem at all (rating 100).

Discussion of Studies on the Quality Of Life Impact on Men with Urinary Incontinence

Studies have probed into the quality of life and its lowering levels among men who have been suffering from urinary incontinence. One of the research papers investigated the additional effect of urinary incontinence among males and females suffering from depression. The self-reported survey results revealed that men and women who were already depressed about their physical complications due to urinary incontinence were significantly depressed due to this problem.

There are biocheical changes that happen when people suffer from depression, and with the prevalence of incontinence, the mood is lowered even to a serious level. The psychological changes and physical difficulties add up to the urine frequency and hyperactive bladder condition, even worsening the urinary incontinence in both genders. However, it is more complicated among men because they do not seek medical help due to masculinity or social stigma hindrances (Staiger et al., 2020).

Another study indicated that urinary incontinence is more severe among males than in females since men have to go outside their homes for employment. At the same time, women stay at home (Corrado et al., 2020). Males have to face extreme psychological impacts for fear of having leaked their urine in front of others, costing their job at some point in time. Their self-motivation and determination are badly…

Sources Used in Documents:

References


Alshammari, S., Alyahya, M. A., Allhidan, R. S., Assiry, G. A., AlMuzini, H. R., & AlSalman, M. A. (2020). Effect of urinary incontinence on the quality of life of older adults in Riyadh: Medical and sociocultural perspectives. Cureus, 12(11), e11599. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.11599


Chen, G., Tan, J.T., Ng, K., Lezzi, A. & Richardson, J. (2014). Mapping of incontinence quality of life (I-QoL) scores to assessment of quality of life 8D (AQoL-8D) utilities in patients with idiopathic overactive bladder. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12955-014-0133-0


Corrado, B., Giardulli, B., Polito, F., Aprea, S., Lanzano, M. & Dodaro, C. (2020). The impact of urinary incontinence on quality of life: A cross-sectional study in the metropolitan city of Naples. Geriatrics, 5(95). https://doi.org/10.3390/geriatrics5040096


Juliebo-Jones, P., Coulthard, E., Mallam, E., Archer, H. & Drake, M.J. (2021). Understanding the impact of urinary incontinence in person with dementia: Development of an interdisciplinary service model. Advances in Urology, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/9988056


Northwood, M., Ploeg, J., Markle-Reid, M. & Sherifali, D. (2021). The complexity of living with diabetes and urinary incontinence for older adults with multiple chronic conditions receiving home care services: An interpretive description study. Global Qualitative Nursing Research, 8. https://doi.org/10.1177/2333393621993452


Pizzol, D., Demurtas, J., Celatto, S., Maggi, S., Smith, L., Angiolelli, G., Trott, M., Yang, L. & Veronese, N. (2020). Urinary incontinence and quality of life: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 33, 25-35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-020-01712-y


Staiger, T., Stiawa, M., Mueller-Stierlin, A.S., Kilian, R., Beschoner, P., Gundel, H., Becker, T., Frasch, K., Panzirsch, M., Schmaub, M. & Krumm, S. (2020). Masculinity and help-seeking among men with depression; A qualitative study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.599039


Teunissen, D., Bosch, W.V.D., Weel, C.V. & Lagro-Janssen, T. (2006). “It can always happen”: The impact of urinary incontinence on elderly men and women. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 24(3), 166-173. https://doi.org/10.1080/02813430600739371


Thomas, L. H., Cross, S., Barrett, J., French, B., Leathley, M., Sutton, C. J., & Watkins, C. (2008). Treatment of urinary incontinence after stroke in adults. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2008(1). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004462.pub3


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