Miss S. is an African-American who is 67 years old. She came to the United States at the age of 20 and currently performing the roles of housekeeping. Miss S. is married to Mr. S who is 69 years old, suffering from disability resulting from stroke. The two have five children: two girls and three boys. The older daughter is ailing thus the constant battles with colon cancer with metastasis. Members of the family are disturbed and require quality assistance and encouragement. According to the information from Miss S, the daughter is on acute rehab following the development of anaphylactic reaction resulting from the IV contrast dye during the CT scan of the abdomen. Miss S. is now extensive responsible for the two boys belong to her daughter. She is willing to corporate and offer valuable information in relation to her family. I decided to work with this family because of the interesting and sad situation they are experiencing. My project manager introduced me to the family. I discussed with Miss S. On my plans for the next few works in relation to her family and she agreed to participate.
Three prioritized nursing diagnosis
According to the assessment of the family's situation, the prioritized nursing diagnoses include smoking cessation, dietary education, and stress management or coping. These problems contribute towards the adverse situation of the family.
Goals and Objectives
This health education tool will aim to meet the following objectives in relation to its development and implementation in the case of Miss S's family
To identify the sources or causes of the prioritized diagnoses
To understand the components and elements of the three problems facing the family
To understand physiological, cognitive, and emotional effects of stress, smoking cessation, and dietary problems
To demonstrate negative and positive effects or aspects of smoking cessation, stress, and dietary concepts
To identify short-term and long-term remedies for the family's problems and situation
To adopt and implement relevant management procedures and processes towards the elimination or minimization of the family's problems
Watson theory of human caring in provision of framework for the Health Education Tool
According to the Watson's theory of human caring, the concept of caring starts with an individual before the decision to offer compassionate care to the other entities. Care starts from being in place, ready to interact and share, open to compassion, loving, and development of equanimity towards oneself before transformation to the second and third parties within the society or family context (Texto & Contexto, 2007). Like in the context of the Watson's theory of caring, this health education tool focuses on the development of healing environment to the family in question. The health education tool will also focus on the unknown concepts of life threatening sufferings in the form of the three problems (Huebner et al., 2000). Health education tool will engage the family in a quality teaching & learning experiences as an approaching of offering care and health education.
Steps in evaluation and implementation of Health Education Tool
The evaluation and implementation of the health education tool will adhere to the following steps or stages
Step 1: Introduction
This stage will focus on getting to know the family through organization and integration of interactive sessions with the family members. This stage is valuable in the determination and understanding of the values and cultural perspectives of the two parties.
Step 2: Identification of the problem
This stage will focus on the mining of valuable information to supplement the valuable data from the background of the family. This relates to the identification of the principal and minor causes to the problems facing the family with the aim of adopting and implementing health education tool to minimize the extent of the situation.
Step 3: Implementation of the health education tool
This stage will focus on the discussion of the positive and negative aspects of the problems. It will contribute towards the minimization of the problems of the family through effective education on the concepts of their problems. This stage will also entail implementation of the problems management program, activities, and events in which the family members need to participate in to aid their situation. The course of the third stage will be gradual with the aim of achieving the objectives and goals of the educational tool.
Stage 4: Evaluation
The last stage of the process will focus on the evaluation of the performance of the tool. This is through the determination of the achievement of the objectives within the context of the family problems. This stage will determine the need to adopt and implement another program in case of lack of achievement of the objectives.
Demonstration of the Health Education Tool
The background information of the family illustrates that the problems revolve around stress and coping. This indicates the need to eliminate or reduce elements of stress and its levels within the family. The health educational tool will focus on identification of causes or sources of stress, positive and negative aspects of the problem, and implementation of effective measures towards the elimination of the problem. This will involve quality interaction with the family members on different sessions (Anne Fothergill et al., 2004).
Relation of the Tool to Healthy People 2020 LHI
The aim of this health education tool is to combat health issues or challenges thus the achievement of a healthy society. This aim is in accordance with the objectives of the Healthy People 2020 LHI. The program contributes towards the development of healing environment and minimization of health challenges thus relates to the Healthy People 2020 LHI.
How participating family's health needs represent greater community health & environmental issues
Family is the fundamental unit of the society or community. Elimination of the community problems or health issues starts with the concept of the family. Many individuals within the society in the context of the United States suffer from similar problems in the form of smoking, stress, and dietary issues. This indicates that the family problems are reflections of the community problems.
Coordination, complementation, and replacement of community & health services by the Health Educational Tool
The health education tool will focus on the provision of quality healthcare programs thus coordination between the community health services and program. There is a relationship in the development of healing environment through minimization or elimination of the problems facing the family. The program also follows effective procedures in accordance with the nursing professionalism thus coordinating the functions of the community health services.
Values, potential cultural biases, family's cultural, spiritual, and ethical values
Some of the potential cultural biases, values, and ethical values might arise because of the different views on openness to the outsiders, socialization process, and interpretation of events, willingness to change, language barrier, family order, and unique interaction cultures.
Management of potential conflict with personal values & biases during the educational session
In order to manage the potential diversity effectively and efficiently, it is essential to appreciate diversity of cultures and apply multiculturalism in the interaction with the family members. This is through the development of quality environment for increased participation by the family members during the implementation of the health education tool (Shenkar, 2001).
Epidemiological influences affecting health & well-being of the family
Some of the epidemiological factors influencing the well-being of the family include diet, smoking, alcohol, age, ethnic group, stress, anxiety, lack of exercise activities, and environment. Other factors might include family medical history and gender.
How to advocate for the family
The program will advocate for the family through the application of educational plans on how to minimize the essence of their problems. This is through provision of vital information to promote their health needs and assistance towards elimination of the problems such as colon cancer, stress management, and quality…