Theories On Addiction: Old And The New Research Paper

Length: 4 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Sports - Drugs Type: Research Paper Paper: #54706063 Related Topics: Psychodynamic Theories, Biopsychosocial Model, Connections, Theories
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Old and New Theories of Addiction

CLEARING THE PATH

Connections between the Old and the New Theories of Addiction

Addiction in the Earlier Centuries, Early Theories

the Temperance Movement

In the 17th century, alcohol did not have a bad name (Sturt, 2009). It was even more respected and considered safer than water and more healthful. This made the innkeeper of spirits a valuable member of the community in those days. Moreover, man was perceived as distinct from nature. Man has a soul and free will and a sense of responsibility for his actions. Animals, in contrast, only possess biological drives. This perception of man viewed alcoholics as too indulgent in the habit and, therefore, must be punished. In the late century up to the early 20th century, the formation of the temperance movement introduced the view of drinking as evil, which makes alcoholics victims. The first disease concept surfaced at this time and viewed alcoholism as an illness. It condoned drinkers as merely passive and giving in to the power and influence of alcohol (Sturt). The temperance movement advocated abstinence, particularly alcohol, so strongly that it led to the passage of prohibition laws (ProCon, 2014). Banning the use of alcohol became a problem to the authorities. Its growing popularity also presented as a source of high levels of taxes. Stern attitudes towards drinking and errant human behavior were becoming lax. Only a small minority who drank alcohol to excess were considered problematic and had to be treated. But the greater part of society...

...

Harrison, called the Harrison Act, to remedy the drug problem (ProCon, 2014). It required physicians who prescribed opium or any of its derivatives to add a serial number obtainable only from the Internal Revenue Department on every prescription. They also had to register with the federal government every year. By 1936, the use of marijuana was replaced by other pain killers, including opium-derived drugs (ProCon).

Iatrogenic Theory

This theory states that addiction or dependence on drugs develops as a result of unnecessary prescribing by physicians and pharmacists (Mustro, 1985). It also developed from dosing children and infants and the prescribing of opiates for dysmenorhea or menstrual pain. This view prevailed until 1914, especially among the upper and middle classes (Murton). From this followed the social contagion theory.

Social Contagion Theory

This theory holds that individuals are influenced by the behavior, attitudes and values of others (Tarter, 2014). The influence can be in the form of direct role modeling or from observation of behaviors in the media. Watching violent films on TV, for example, enhances the likelihood of violence. This theory suggests that this influence is particularly intense among adolescents, who are most susceptible to the influence of drug use. It is not easy for them to…

Sources Used in Documents:

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Angres, DH and Angres, K.B. (2008). The disease of addiction: origin, treatment and recovery. Vol. 54, Disease-a-Month: Resurrection Medical Center. Retrieved on March

18, 2014 from http://www.resurrectionmedicalcenter.reshealth.org/pdfs.subsites/addiction/the_disease_of_addiction.pdf

McKenna, G.J. (2010). Psychopathology in drug dependent individuals: a clinical review. Drug Text: International Substance Use Library. Retrieved on March 25, 2014

from http://www.drugtext.org/addiction/psychopathology-in-drug-dependent-individuals-a-clinical-review.html
2014 from http://www.mendocino.eu/docs/a0d/AddictionTheories_wk_7.pdf
61 # 8, NY Academic Medical Bulletin: Yale School of Medicine. Retrieved on March 25, 2014 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1911869/pdf/bullnyacadmed00064-0008.pdf
Retrieved on March 24, 2014 from http://www.medicalmarijuana.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000026
Sturt, G. (2009). Theories of substance abuse. Virgin Media: NTL, Inc. Retrieved on March 24, 2014 from http://www.homepage.ntlworld.com/gary.sturt/health/Theoriesofsubstanceabuse.htm
Tarter, R. (20140). Applying prevention theory to prevention practice. Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research: University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved on March 25, 2014 from http://www.pitt.edu/~cedar/forum/tarter.html


Cite this Document:

"Theories On Addiction Old And The New" (2014, March 24) Retrieved January 20, 2022, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/theories-on-addiction-old-and-the-new-185875

"Theories On Addiction Old And The New" 24 March 2014. Web.20 January. 2022. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/theories-on-addiction-old-and-the-new-185875>

"Theories On Addiction Old And The New", 24 March 2014, Accessed.20 January. 2022,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/theories-on-addiction-old-and-the-new-185875

Related Documents
Theory Application Substance Abuse Over
Words: 2668 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 102232

" (Teasdale, 1995, pg. 25) These elements are important, because they are showing how this form of treatment can be effective in dealing with patients that are recovering. The problem is, making sure that there is: consistent follow up and dealing with some of the changing the thoughts they will experience over the long-term. (Teasdale, 1995, pp. 25 -- 39) As a result, this approach is effective at dealing with

Old Smoke Case Study Darlene
Words: 1536 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Sports - Drugs Paper #: 22198313

cannot control the urge, then the employee might consider seeking outside professional help with the addiction. Since a person's car is private property, however, it is unlikely that any non-smoking ban would extend to that area. However, the smoker would need to take steps to ensure that their clothing and work supplies did no retain the odor of smoke. In essence, other than in the privacy of one's own

Addiction This Project Gives a
Words: 2406 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Sports - Drugs Paper #: 60708278

Most of the time in families as the one that Jay come from, they separate making it harder for them to come together as a family in order to fix the issue. Research does show that children of alcohol injuring individuals report a higher occurrence of emotional and school-connected difficulties. Legal History of Jay: The parents of Jay began taking a great concern about their son right after he had

Object Relation, Attachment Theories, And
Words: 26278 Length: 90 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 34405449

S., experts estimate the genuine number of incidents of abuse and neglect ranges three times higher than reported. (National Child Abuse Statistics, 2006) in light of these critical contemporary concerns for youth, this researcher chose to document the application of Object Relation, Attachment Theories, and Self-Psychology to clinical practice, specifically focusing on a patient who experienced abuse when a child. Consequently, this researcher contends this clinical case study dissertation proves

Substance Abuse Counseling Theories Substance
Words: 3044 Length: 9 Pages Topic: Sports - Drugs Paper #: 13009622

It has been argued that despite this fact, because substance abuse treatment has been developed by men, for men, it emerged "as a single-focused intervention based on the needs of addicted men." (Covington 2008). Without empowering substance abusers whose lives have become severely impaired in terms of basic life functioning, treating the abuse or disability as a purely biological function will have little effect, and only address the physical

Video Game Addiction With Each
Words: 1283 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 53807736

However, boys played almost two times the amount of hours as girls. Gentile stated, "It is important that people realize that playing a lot is not the same thing as pathological play. For something to be an addiction, it has to mean more than you do it a lot. It has to mean that you do it in such a way that it damages your life. This is why we-based