Commercialization of sound cinema: U.S., Europe, and Japan
Unified sound in film production
Sound designers in Cinematography
Sound Recording Technologies
History of Sound Recording Technology
Film sound technology
Modern Digital Technology
History of sound in films
Sound Recording Technologies
The film industry is a significant beneficiary of performing arts. The liberal arts combined with latest techniques and advancements experienced a number of stages. The introduction of films and sound in films was a significant development of its times. The introduction of first film along with sound was a unique event and it revolutionized the industry in such a way that it influenced every individual related to the industry to start thinking on creative and innovative grounds for improvements. The stages of films can be identified as silent films shown in theaters and they were narrated live. However the introduction of sound in films was a key development of early 20th century (1912 -- 1914).
Since then latest techniques and technologies are experimented and the journey of improvements is continuing through the time. The aim of the current research is to provide an account of developments in film sounds as well as investigate through the developments. The objective achieved through the review of secondary literature is focused to provide a complete historic perspective of sound in films. Furthermore the developments in the industry are also taken into consideration. The introduction of latest techniques and innovative technologies is a central theme of developments research.
Literature is also reviewed to develop understanding of sound design and sound recording technologies. Additionally the role of sound designers in cinematography is elaborated. The film sound technology has absorbed numerous developments and it is considered significant to develop resonance with the film sound technology. The innovations of digital developments are investigated to understand their impacts and offerings.
Later a discussion is carried out on the basis of learned history, developments, sound design, and sound recording technologies. The discussion is focused on combining the knowledge gained through historical developments within the industry along with the middle aged developments and latest technical advancements. The discussion will provide a focused approach towards understanding the impact of past, recent, and future developments within the film industry as whole as well as sound in films in particular. The results drawn from discussion are important to formulate a rational basis for conclusion. The conclusion will also provide key recommendations with a futuristic focus on technology and important timings. It is important for film and sound professionals to maintain close attention for significant technology and film sound trends in order to timely capture industry opportunities.
The work done by Altman (2004) provides a significant account of sound history in films. The study states that the history of silent movies cannot be completed without investigating and relying on primary research. The secondary research provides only the documented account of sound history which cannot be relied to form a concrete conclusion. The research about history of sound in ancient films can only draw upon provided documented evidence of the concerning period. The availability and authenticity of such documents is also questioned.
The research further concludes that the secondary research of these documents does not facilitate in resolving issues. On the other hand it complicates the issues and history accounts. The previous work in history of sound is criticized in terms of two major unethical issues. The speculations are made to provide a clear picture of the history and secondly the despairing of available marital has occurred. Hence the conclusions of such researches cannot be regarded as authentic (Altman 2004). It is however a viewpoint and cannot be applied to define previous research in the related subject.
The historical account (Enticknap 2005) of films and sound in films is also an important addition to explore history of sound in films. The author takes an important perspective of technology advances and opportunities provided to the film making industry through various economic, industrial, and technologically developing eras. The approach taken by the research is unique in its nature as well as provides a detailed knowledge of key changes occurred in the film making industry as well as sound in films. The hearing effects are appreciated by the audience in relation of the visuals. The audiences are attracted to a particular scene with the help of profound hearing support. The impacts of a particular scene, film, and documentaries are increased when appropriate sound is coupled with the visuals (Smith 2004).
The experiments are a profound basis of developments in film making and integrating sound with films. The innovative film professionals, photographers, sound artists, and technical staff, in terms of their contribution provided a recognizable standing. The developments in the industry are through exceptional work done by various individuals with flair to innovate and offer visionary advances in the field of films. The sounds in films are particularly introduced through a number of experiments. A detailed discussion on these experiments is provided in the later sections of the research (Smith 2004).
The important segments of film making industry include films, documentaries, sound, music, television, and theater. The film making industry has grown over the years at a phenomenal rate and it is acknowledged that United States in particular has contributed in global expansion of the industry, despite the fact that Europeans played a significant role in industry improvements. The notable advantage of U.S. can be denoted as their universal appeal and film makings in English language. The influential role of audio appeal can be estimated through analysis of the above stated factor. The United States film industry has turned films into a global perspective. The Hollywood industry is identified as one of the major shareholders and driving force behind notable developments after the maturity of basic innovations. The moving film industry's growth and advancements provides a historical role in development of economics, culture, technology, and innovations (Enticknap 2005).
Sound in films:
The notion that films were silent in early years cannot be accepted in totality. The early movies were exhibited in theaters since 1908, and move theaters were considered a significant development in providing entertainment. The sound in movies was present in several forms. According to Pramaggiore and Wallis (2005) movies were narrated live during the early introduction of movie theaters. The critical elements of silent cinema-visual composition, camera movement, and editing are notable segments of film making developments.
The history of movies can also be defined as two distinct features of visuals and sound. The sound tracks of movies are described as a separate aspect including its technical requirements. The combination of sound and visuals in global cinemas created profound impact on the aesthetics, social, and cultural factors audience (Gomery 2005). These significant impacts of sounds on movie audience were demonstrated by a post-production of famous movie "Blond Runner."
The sound design is also a significant component for implementing sound in films. The development of sound in films is not long enough to be interlinked with the sound in theater films. Traditionally the implementation of sound tracks including their design and development is not regarded as technologically and professionally developed filed in film making. The inventions of coupling sound with images in films can be regarded as significant developments. The idea laid the foundation for inception of motion pictures. The traces of connecting sound with sight can be experienced in the work of Edison Company in 1894 (Dakic 2009).
The significant impact of introducing sound in films has opened another dimension for discussion related to large number of global audience as well as limiting the film to certain audience. The film sound is international as well as local in nature. The target audiences are considered prior to implementing sounds in films. English and French are most spoken languages throughout the world. However the films were also dubbed in local languages as described by Brockmann (2010). The film sound is also a critical factor in defining its success and appeal for particular target audience. The films are created with significant appeal designed to cater a set of target audience depending on the geographic location, demographics, age groups, and most importantly their interests.
Chion (2009) describes that visual images of a movie cannot appeal to audience in case sounds are not present to enhance its effects. The impact of a silent move can be defined as far less than the enhancements made by sound effects created to convey actual scene requirements. It is a significant development to align sound with the moving images to create an amplified effect. The audiences are facilitated not only with the narrative but the pitch and sound variations during the scene. The sound effects are later developments yet they provided increased control. The audiovisual effects instigated more sophisticated and technological advancements in film sounds.
Film Music also has a dynamic history as well as long debate. The introduction of film music is…
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