Point Summary 1
Construct food service reports on market size, trends, market segmentation, consumer attitude, and purchasing habits in order to see the impact foodservice has on the economy and possible opportunities in the foodservice industry.
The restaurant industry is roughly $900 Billion. In addition, households in America spend roughly 50% of their food dollars on restaurants. During a normal business cycle, upwards of nearly 20 million people are employed in the food service and restaurant industries. In addition, there are over 1 million food service establishments in the United States. The food service industry is typically divided into two categories commercial and non-commercial food service. A commercial food service establishment is that whose main purpose is creating and selling food and beverage A non-commercial foodservice establishment is embedded in an organization where food and beverage is not the primary business focus, such as in healthcare, education, the military, and transportation. Of these two categories the commercial segment is the most dominant. The segment included various types of service providers which include quick service, food trucks/street food, quick casual, family, casual, themed, casual upscale and upscale/fine dining. Each is unique and requires unique capabilities as it relates to serving them properly through warehousing and logistics.
Typically, purchasing habits are seasonal and therefore must be adjusted months in advance. Weather plays a major role in restaurant operations and as such, many restaurants see increase traffic and revenues during the summer months. Fine dining restaurants typically see increase revenues and food traffic during special occasions, holidays and weekends
Emerging trends within the industry are heavily related to technology and automation. Here many providers in the industry are using technology to better predict consumer demand and restaurant needs. They are also using automation to help streamline operations while also lower overall costs and improve margins. Finally, firms are using technology to help drive efficiencies related to costs and operations overall. The industry is also very diverse with many minorities working within the industry with various social economic statuses.
Point 2 Summary 2
Discuss types of foodservice operations and their characteristics
Food service operations can vary dramatically as it relates to the ability to service the customer, their business models, and their overall capital structure. For example, certain food services operations are franchised such as McDonalds or Burger King. Here, investors and franchisees often take on the operation risk of the business. They often pay for the building, the materials, the rent, the land and supplies. In exchange they can leverage the highly recognizable brand of the franchisor. The franchisor has an asset light model that is not heavily predicated on fixed capital investment. This allows the company to ultimately earn royalties without necessarily having to make large outsized investment. As a result, the franchisor can focus entirely on the marketing, branding and expansion of the overall franchise. This has allowed many operations such as McDonalds, Burger King, Subway, Wing Stop and other chains to quickly grow their food services operations both domestically and internationally.
Other operations without the substantial financial capital as international chains have a very different business model. These operations...
A common example here is the typical Chinese Food Restaurant. Here, the operations are typically not franchised. Instead, they are run by a family or a sole proprietor. All costs are thus borne by the owner including marketing, materials, supplies, and labor. As a result, margins for this business are much lower than the franchise model.
As result, services to these two segments varies dramatically. Food services to chains are often much more streamlined and easier to forecast and predict on an annual basis. Likewise, larger chains tend to order in bulk with standardized products and services. Smaller establishments such as schools, individual restaurants, or
Describe the impact foodservice has on the economy
The food service industry has a distinct impact on the economy. For one it facilitates the exchange of food and dining products around the world. It also lowers the overall costs of food services through the use of economies of scale. These lower costs ultimately allow more consumers to be serviced.
Illustrate career opportunities available to those in the foodservice industry
Careers in the food service industry can vary dramatically. Many of the careers in the industry include logistics, software development, coding, management, finance, accounting, and more. Recent trends in the industry related to technology are emerging. Here, the industry is looking to leverage technology to automate processes and communication. As a result, the industry is hiring more employers with a technology background to help further the automation process. Here, many elements within the supply chain can be automated. These include warehousing functions that can automatically order materials needed by restaurants within the industry. Technology can also provide trucks with the fastest routes to deliver their own products and services to consumers, thus minimizing maintenance costs, gasoline costs, and logistics cost. Technology is also be used by foodservice providers to keep inventory levels stocks appropriately year around. Through better forecasting initiatives, inventory spoilage can be reduced.
Other careers include finance and accounting which are heavily needed due to the fixed cost structure of the industry. As many providers in the industry must invest in fixed assets for long periods of time, finance professionals are needed to determine the adequate net present value of expenditures being made. In addition, accounting professional are needed to track expenses related to debt, interest expense, and more. Front line employees such as delivery drivers, warehouse employees and other entry level positions are also needed within the industry. Likewise, these positions require managers who most allocated time and labor in a manner that is the most productive for companies within the industry.
Point 3 Summary 3
Compare delivery and service styles and standards for food and beverage service
Delivery and service styles change depending on the target market. Food and beverage services for QSRs for example are predicated on speed, efficiency and value. Here, many of the product offerings are low cost in nature. The food is not of premium quality, but the service is quick with little variability. For example, McDonalds have very little variability in the taste of its food irrespective of the restaurants location. On the opposite end of the spectrum, luxury establishments are much more variable, but the overall quality of the food and beverage offering is much higher. Here, consumers are expected to wait much longer as their food is being prepared. Service quality is also much higher as waiters are much more attentive to consumer needs. In exchange for this higher food and beverage quality, consumers are expected to pay premium prices.
Demonstrate service styles to various types of restaurants
Service styles vary depending on the type of restaurant a consumer enters. QSRs offer minimal service that is designed to be quick and efficient. Luxury providers are much more…
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