Civil Rights Movement Is Considered Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

The movement merely asked the founding fathers of this country to live up to their promises and provide freedom and equal opportunities for all.

In the early phases of the civil rights movement leaders asked the government to live up to its promises and provide equal opportunities from all. It received much support from minorities and even whites living in the United States.

After the period of 1965, considered the 'highlight' of the civil rights movement as described in this work, the emphasis and goals of the civil rights movement changed somewhat. Instead of merely seeking de-segregation among the goals adopted by the civil rights movement included access to equal employment opportunities, trade unions, utilization of affirmative action programs, fair housing and a "redistribution of wealth and services, changes in the functioning of institutions" and structure of fundamental affairs within the United States.

The moral fiber of the nation's Constitution and governing authority was in essence called into question by those who had been discriminated against. The self-image and economic structure and foundation of the country was challenged by those who had been unfairly exploited in the past. Representation among freedom fighters and civil rights campaign leaders became more radical. Individual's including Malcolm X surfaced and argued for collations to be formed between radicals, and anti-discrimination campaigns were more active and aggressive than the conservative movements of the past.

Major Achievements

The Civil Rights Movement experienced many ups and downs during the course of its lifetime. The movement created an expanding Black middle class in the United States and representation among governing authorities by minority leaders. The idea of 'separate but equal' no longer resounded, and was instead replaced by the idea that everyone deserved fair and equal representation and benefits.

The March on Washington is often considered the single most crowning achievement of the civil rights movement and the single largest protest to take place in the capital since its creation; it virtually "paved the way for a series of mass demonstrations" that furthered the movement and set the stage for the eventual passage of the civil rights act of 1964, which is considered the most important civil rights legislation passed "since the Reconstruction."

Other campaigns that augmented the civil rights movement included the Birmingham campaign and the efforts of individuals who dedicated their life to the civil rights era. Was their resistance to the civil rights movement? Absolutely. The North's reaction to the movement is considered more ambiguous than the reaction in the south; many polled in the white felt that southern white supremacist operating in the south were not necessarily justified in their actions. However following the passage of certain rights including the voting rights act many white Northerners faced integration particularly in schools and within other urban areas; at this point more resistance developed such as that seen in the south.

There were many southern leaders that attempted to preserve their way of life, while others were more progressive and open to civil rights legislation and changes.

The civil rights movement merely demanded what this country promised when it was established, namely democracy, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness for all.

Many have claimed that it was difficult to define the boundaries of the civil rights movement as it touched so many lives in so many different ways. The civil rights leaders and organizations that surfaced during this time were often seen in the greater context of the fight for freedom and liberty, however there is a large body of evidence that the civil rights movement accomplished more than merely eliminating racial barriers in this country. Rather the civil rights movement transformed the consciousness of individuals living in this country and helped people to truly understand the principles of democracy and freedom.


The civil rights movement is credited with changing the face of this great nation. Prior to the civil rights movement racial segregation and discrimination were blatant facts of life for many people living in the United States. It wasn't until the mid 1950s that the movement for civil liberties and freedom began in earnest in this country. The civil rights movement is the changing point during which the governing body of this nation was forced to recognize and uphold the constitutional rights guaranteed to all citizens.

During this time many strong leaders emerged that fought adamantly for the rights guaranteed all citizens under the constitution of the United States. There are many highlights of the civil rights movements, and many leaders that still resonate in the hearts of many, including Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks and Malcolm X the civil rights movement stands out as a turning point in American history where an underserved and underprivileged group of citizens decided to take a stand for their rights under the law. Though much of the civil rights campaign was non-violent in nature, particularly the protests led by Martin Luther King Jr., the civil rights movement also spurred some aggression, discontent and violence. However, despite this the end result of the campaign was the movement in this nation toward equality and peace for all.

One thing is certain, the nation that stands today is much better for the achievements and successes of all the individuals who fought for liberty and justice during the civil rights movement. This era will be remembered as one that changed the social landscape of this nation permanently, and afforded all people equal opportunity without regard to race, gender, color or national origin.


African-American Odyssey - Civil Rights Era." [Online]. 17, November 2004:

Beck, S. "Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement." [online] 17, November, 2004:

Bennett, Lerone, Jr. What Manner of Man: A Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York:

Pocket Books, 1965. Abridged.

Bush, R. "The civil rights movement and continuing struggle for the redemption of America."

Social Justice, 30(1) 2003:42

Cozzens, L. (1998). "The Civil Right Movement 1955-1965." Monday July 20, 1998. [Online] 15,

November, 2004:

Dittmer, J., Wright, G.C. & Dulaney, M. & Underwood, K. "Essays on the American

Civil rights movement." College Station, TX: University Press: 1993.

Haney. E. "Civil Rights Timeline: Milestone in the modern civil rights movement." High

Beam Research 18, November, 2004:

Levy, P.B. "The Civil Rights Movement." Westport: Greenwood Press: 1998

Levy, P.B. "Let freedom reign: A documentary history of the modern civil rights movement."

Westport: Praeger:1992.

Ralph, J.R. Jr. "Northern protest: Martin Luther King Jr., Chicago and the civil rights

Movement." Cambridge: University Press: 1993.

Levy, P.B. (1998). "The Civil Rights Movement." p. 4

Cozzens, L. (1998). "The Civil Right Movement 1955-1965.

African-American Odyssey - Civil Rights Era," p. 1

Levy, P.B. (1998). "The Civil Rights Movement." p. 5

African-American Odyssey - Civil Rights Era.

Ralph, J.R. Jr. (1993). "Northern protest: Martin Luther King Jr., Chicago and the civil rights movement."

Beck, S. (2003). "Martin Luther King and the Civil Rights Movement," Bennett, 1965.

Haney. E. (2004). "Civil Rights Timeline: Milestone in the modern civil rights movement."

Bush, R. "The civil rights movement and continuing struggle for the redemption of America."

Levy, P.B. (1992). "Let Freedom Right: A documentary history of the modern civil rights movement."

Dittmer, 3[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Civil Rights Movement Is Considered" (2004, November 19) Retrieved December 6, 2016, from

"Civil Rights Movement Is Considered" 19 November 2004. Web.6 December. 2016. <>

"Civil Rights Movement Is Considered", 19 November 2004, Accessed.6 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Civil Rights Movement Civil Rights Since 1954

    Civil Rights Movement Civil rights since 1954 with special reference to California's role A growing Cause, 1776-1865 The Declaration of Independence asserted that "all men have been created equal," as well as in 1788, the U.S. Constitution presupposed to "secure the blessings of liberty" towards the United States citizens. These rights as well as liberties, nevertheless, had been meant just for white individuals of property. The actual Founding Fathers by no means thought

  • Civil Rights Movement Brown v Board of

    Civil Rights Movement: Brown v. Board of Education There were many great moments in the civil rights movement, but none stands out more than the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. That case truly addressed the horrors of segregation and gave a measure of equality to black school children who wanted to be able to attend school with their white counterparts. Occurring in 1954, the Brown case

  • Civil Rights Movement Was a

    In 1934 he published his first collection of short stories, entitled, the Ways of White Folks, which provided a series of short insights into the humorous and tragic interactions between the two races. During this time Hughes also established several theater groups in such cities as Los Angeles and Chicago. In 1935 he also received a Guggenheim Fellowship, which he used to help begin to write scripts for movies

  • Conventional View of the Civil Rights Movement

    conventional view of the Civil Rights movement is considered highly suspect in Timothy Tyson's non-fictional account, Blood Done Sign My Name. What is significant about the author's viewpoint is that he dedicated several years' worth of erudition to studying the lack of efficacy in the Civil Rights movement that became quite lucid -- to him -- following the brutal slaying of an African-American Vietnam War veteran in the author's

  • Historical Analysis of Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Coming of Age in Mississippi is Anne Moody's memoir of the civil rights movement in the United States. It therefore serves a different purpose as primary source historiography, rather than analytical secondary source historiography such as that written by David Garrow and Harvard. Moody grew up on a plantation, in conditions that are simply extensions of slavery. Her first hand awareness of what racism is, and what it does

  • 60 s Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's is a prime example of a movement containing both utopian and practical elements. To the outside observer, the passive resistance of the Montgomery Bus Boycotts and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s rousing "I Have a Dream Speech," seems hopeful and utopian. In contrast, the gritty determination of Malcolm X and the Black Muslims, who sought equal rights, but not integration, seems the more practical

  • How Did Kennedy and His Administration Effect the Civil Rights Movement...

    Kennedy and the Civil Rights Movement John Fitzgerald Kennedy, or JFK, served the President of the United States for less than a single full term in the early 1960s after serving in Congress for several terms before this. He was elected in 1960 and took office the following January, promising to explore new frontiers and bring the country to new heights. In late November of 1963, he was assassinated in Dallas,

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved