Academic Performance in K-12 Public Schools Research Paper

  • Length: 8 pages
  • Sources: 7
  • Subject: Education
  • Type: Research Paper
  • Paper: #91073893

Excerpt from Research Paper :

Students' Emotional Issues That Interfere with Academic Performance in K-12 Public Schools

Classroom settings are emotion-filled areas of learning for children; for instance, children may experience excitement to learn a new lesson, anxiety and hope when awaiting test results, pride when faced with success, surprise upon finding a novel solution, shame for academic failure, or boredom in the course of lessons. Further, social emotions such as rage, understanding, appreciation, disdain, or jealousy directed at fellow students and educators also have a part to play within classroom settings (LEE & SHUTE, 2010). Lastly, children may bring home and community events-related emotions to school, which can, despite being external to classroom settings, strongly impact their learning experiences, including emotional havoc wrecked by familial stress.

All emotions are able to significantly impact pupil instruction and academic success. Emotions facilitate student attentiveness or contribute to inattentiveness, impact their drive to learn, change their learning strategy, and influence their learning-related self-regulation. Moreover, emotions form part of a child's identity, shaping their personality, and physical and mental wellbeing (Mushtaq & Khan, 2012). Emotions, from a scholastic standpoint, are vital owing to their impact on knowledge and skill acquisition and progress. However, another key academic objective significant in itself is individual pupils' emotional health.

Problem Statement

An individual's negative-positive emotional balance constitutes a factor in their life satisfaction measurements. Satisfaction represents a mental state, a person's mental judgmental process. Life satisfaction may be explained in terms of how far individuals positively assess their life's quality, in general. Emotions are regarded as fundamental adaptive and stimulating procedures, successfully influencing acumen and sound reasoning (LEE & SHUTE, 2010; Mushtaq & Khan, 2012). Emotions also have both biological-adaptive and psychological-constructive roles, and affect social dealings, goal attainment, cognitive processing, and personality operation. They act as mediators between continuously evolving circumstances and a person's behavioral reactions, thus acting as key adaptive personal functions.

Purpose of the Study

Attainment of educational qualifications is vital to one and all, in order to enjoy success in life, particularly in case of K-12 public school-goers, since their scholastic achievement lays down the conditions for their choice of further studies. Therefore, K-12 schooling represents the most critical phase of education, as it helps establish a sound groundwork for higher education and the establishment of a successful career. All students ought to be appropriately enlightened so that they may be interested in acquiring requisite knowledge, capabilities and skills. K-12 pupils are largely young kids and teenagers (Khurshid et al., 2015). The teenage, in particular, is a very crucial phase of life with regard to choosing a specific field to pursue. Emotional issues have major effects on K-12 public school pupils. The current study's significance lies in its chief emphasis on the emotional issues Kindergarten through 12th grade pupils in public schools are plagued with, their involvement in learning, scholastic progress, and the relationship between the aforementioned elements.

This research will probably prove beneficial to students' parents as well as school administrators, potentially aiding them in planning, formulating and executing policies geared at enhancing the emotional health of children. Parents may apply research findings to resolve their kids' home- and family- linked emotional issues. The research work might also serve to enhance student awareness of their own emotions that adversely influence their performance at school (LEE & SHUTE, 2010).

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The chief question that will be addressed here is: What emotional facets are mainly associated with K -- 12 academic achievement levels?

Literature Review

Researchers have revealed that pupils undergo a torrent of emotions at school, right from regular lessons, to studying, to appearing for exams/tests. They experience both negative and positive emotions, which may be recurrent and strong. Emotions linked to out-of-school life events may also manifest themselves in schoolroom settings. But the origins of a large share of emotions expressed at school may be traced to learning environments. The following 4 academics-related kinds of emotion prove particularly important to pupil learning; social, topic, achievement, and epistemic emotions (Pekrun & Linnenbink-Garcia, 2012).

The relationship of educational performance with behavioral or emotional problems has been studied on the basis of student data gathered from their educators via the 25-question SDQ (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire), which assesses 5 child psychology adjustment domains. Depending on educator answers, study authors rated overall problem areas and areas of satisfactory proficiency on a 0-40 scale, of which student risks of medically significant issues with behavior or emotions may be evaluated (Valiente, Swanson and Eisenberg, 2012). Therefore, children scoring 0 -- 11 constitute the low risk group, a score of 12 -- 15 makes up the moderate risk cluster, while scores of 16 -- 40 signify highs risk of medically significant behavioral or emotional issues.

Sound evidence exists with regard to behavioral and emotional issues' connection to learning and scholastic achievement problems. These links predict failure in academics, drop-out rates, drug dependency, joblessness and delinquent conduct, which affect both the child and the overall society (Soomro & Clarbour, 2012). Developed nations emphasize development of healthy personalities as children, which facilitates adulthood success. But this focus seems to be lacking in developing societies, which suffer from a lack of caregiver and professional awareness of kids' emotional and intellectual status and health. From general observations, it may be construed that when kids visit physicians or child specialists for customary health checks, the practitioner fails to assess for psychological issues. Overlooking problem behaviors and negative emotions will result in weak performance at school (Simpson, Patterson, & Smith, 2011). Thus, a number of students are unable to succeed or perform up to their actual scholastic potential, an issue that continues on to their career.

Aggression and anxiety presents challenges and issues for teachers as well as their pupils (Simpson et al., 2011). Kids suffering from internalizing behavioral issues usually fail to be attentive in class in order to keep from disrupting the teaching process and challenging them. If these issues go undetected and untreated, academic performance, self-confidence, life skills, and interpersonal dealings get negatively impacted. Furthermore, externalizing and internalizing behavioral issues are related to educational problems. Researchers report that hyperactivity and inattentiveness represent greater factors leading to scholastic achievement issues, as compared to childhood aggressiveness, while delinquency and anti-social conduct are believed to be strongly correlated to poor teenage academic accomplishment. A preliminary research also suggests that teens having externalizing and internalizing psychiatric disorders and in therapy depict higher social anxiety and malicious aggression scores as compared to normal school kids (Soomro & Clarbour, 2010).

Evidence connecting internalizing issues with scholastic progress over time has not been sufficiently consistent. For instance, research associating these issues and educational attainment reveals that unbiased apparent, though inconstant, educational failures are linked to internalizing symptom modifications. Significant academic issues have been observed in teens satisfying psychiatric diagnostic conditions of anxiety, depression, and other internalizing psychiatric ailments (Soomro & Clarbour, 2012). Additional support to link internalizing ailments to poor educational results is varied and limited. Serious academic issues had been observed among teens satisfying depression and anxiety criteria. But research findings remain equivocal in more extensive researches of scores' predictive importance…

Sources Used in Documents:


Aunola, K., Stattin, H., & Nurmi, J. (2000). Adolescents achievement strategies, school, adjustment, and externalizing and internalizing problem behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29, 289-306.

Clarbour, J., & Roger, D. (2004). The construction and validation of a new scale for measuring emotional response style in adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 496-509.

Khurshid, S., Parveen, Q., Yousuf, M.I. & Chaudhry, A.G. (2015). EFFECTS OF DEPRESSION ON STUDENTS' ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE, (Lahore),27(2),1619-1624

LEE, J., & SHUTE, V. J. (2010). Personal and Social-Contextual Factors in K-12 Academic Performance: An Integrative Perspective on Student Learning. Educational Psychologist, 45(3), 185-202.

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