Recruitment And Employee Retention Research Proposal

Length: 11 pages Subject: Health - Nursing Type: Research Proposal Paper: #96077200 Related Topics: Employee Turnover, Saudi Arabia, Job Satisfaction, Spss
Excerpt from Research Proposal :

¶ … job satisfaction among Saudi nurses: Impact on recruitment and retention

Assessing Job Satisfaction among Saudi Arabian Nurses: Impact on Recruitment and Retention

The importance of nurses' job satisfaction can be assessed in accordance with its implication on health care quality, national workforce situation, but also with management practices. One of the most important implications refers to Saudi Arabian nurses' job satisfaction impact on recruitment and retention practices. This research proposal advances a model for assessing job satisfaction and its relationship with nurses' decision to stay on the job or search for more satisfactory jobs elsewhere. In addition to this, the research proposal focuses on how hospital managers can be interviewed in order to provide significant insight on best practices regarding recruitment and retention in the nursing field.

Contents

Background of the Study

Purpose of the Study

Problem Statement

Research Objectives

Research Questions

Limitations of the Study

Significance of the Study

Literature Review

Theoretical framework

Research hypotheses

Research Methodology

Study Plan

APPENDIX A

APPENDIX B

Reference list

Background of the Study

Organizations in the public and private fields rely their success and performance on technical, financial, and human resources. Each resource plays an important role in implementing their strategy and provides certain types of benefits. Human resources represent the most important resource that organizations make use of in their attempt to reach their objectives. It is important to focus on employees' job satisfaction as this is an important factor that affects productivity, costs, and organizational practices.

This area is of great importance to the Saudi Arabian nursing field because of the implication it has on the quality of health care. This aspect should represent the focus of governmental practices, but also of those of hospital managers. The extensive research in the field provides important information on assessing Saudi Arabian nurses' job satisfaction and its impact on recruitment and retention. The information provided by several research studies somewhat differs and there is the need for more substantiation.

Purpose of the Study

This study will assess job satisfaction among Saudi nurses and its impact on recruitment and retention.

Problem Statement

In Saudi Arabia, nursing care is delivered mainly by expatriate nurses who contribute to about 70% of the nursing workforce in the Ministry of Health hospitals. This percentage even reaches 96% in the private sector (Almalki et al., 2011). However, recently efforts have been deployed by the Saudi government to retain nurses as a strategy to increase the number of Saudi nurses in nursing profession. Every year, hundreds of Saudi nurses graduate from nursing schools and join the workforce in primary health care centers, secondary hospitals, and up to tertiary hospitals across the country. Yet, it has been a persistent challenge to the Saudi government to meet the demands of nursing care. Additionally, there is evidence of high nursing job torn over among Saudi nurses (Gieter et al., 2011). Literature suggests that job dissatisfaction is identified as one recurrent factor -- among numerous factors - of intention to leave nursing profession and shown to negatively impact both recruitment and retention of Saudi nurses (Currie and Hill, 2012). In the Saudi context, little has been revealed in the literature about this issue which sets the door wide open to better understand the problem and accordingly suggest solutions.

Research Objectives

1. To identify factors contributing to Saudi nurses job dissatisfaction.

2. To assess nurses' satisfaction on overall level but also regarding different aspects of their work.

3. To develop strategies intended to enhance the number of Saudi nurses in the health care workforce as well as minimize the rate of Saudi nurses turnover.

Research Questions

1. Are Saudi nurses satisfied with their nursing career?

2. Does the level of job satisfaction indicate the intent to leave nursing career among Saudi nurses?

Limitations of the Study

The study aims to investigate job satisfaction levels among Saudi Arabian nurses in three hospitals. Although research questions, hypotheses, and questionnaire are designed in accordance with...

...

Therefore, the study's limitations determined by its sample size recommend that the study is used in reinforcing or challenging existing areas previously addressed by other studies, and in addressing less studied issues that influence the relationship between nurses' job satisfaction and hospital managers' recruitment and retention practices.

Significance of the Study

As mentioned above, the limited sample size that this research proposal relies on doe not allow for national level extrapolation. The significance of the study refers to its attempt to investigate areas less addressed by previous studies and to provide information for further research on national level regarding the impact of certain recruitment and retention practices on Saudi Arabian nurses' job satisfaction levels. In other words, the study intends to validate or invalidate certain hypotheses that can provide important information in analyzing how nurses' job satisfaction levels can be improved and how it can determine efficient recruitment and retention processes.

Literature Review

Nursing turnover has been an ongoing concern to health care professionals over the past few decades. Researchers have made sincere efforts in their endeavor to uncover the mystery behind its existence as well as the contributing factors to its persistence. One major consequence of nursing turnover persistence across all levels of health care nowadays is the global nursing shortage (Laureen et al., 2012; Sara et al., 2011). As nursing turnover refers to the actual physical departure of nursing profession and/or health care organization, efforts have been made to investigate its predictors to set the door open for policy makers and administrators to accordingly come up with evidence-based solutions. The intention to leave nursing profession has been a major determinant around which studies addressing nursing turnover had revolved.

In a cross-sectional descriptive study done at King Faisal University hospital in al Khobar, Saudi Arabia, Zaghloul, A et al. (2008) described staff nurses' job satisfaction in relation to their intention to leave. He identified reasons for staff nurse intention to stay in nursing - in addition to salary -- as hospital policies, yearly bonuses, fairness of performance appraisal, and opportunities for achievement recognition. In another cross-sectional study in 2005 from 1636 registered nurses working in hospitals, Genevieve and Denis (2010) studied nurses' burnout in light of the balance between nurses' job demands ( e.g. workload, work stress, work interference with family life) and resources (e.g. support from colleagues and supervisor, recognition, competence, decision making, and authority). They concluded that as job demands exceed the accessible resources, nurses were likely to consider the intention to leave the profession.

Defining Job Satisfaction

Job satisfaction was defined as an overall feeling about the job or as a related constellation of attitudes about various aspects or facets of the job (Hong Lu et al., 2012). Job satisfaction has been a recurrent predictor of nurse intention to leave nursing profession (Sara et al., 2011).Further, in a recent systematic review done by Hong Lu et al. (2012) they emphasized the need for more research to better understand the importance of the many identified factors relating to job satisfaction of hospital nurses. Among those factors, nursing working condition emerged as a major factor which needs to be improved in order to increase the level of job satisfaction in nursing professionals. Roelen et al. (2013) reported an association between higher episodes of sickness absence and job satisfaction and highlighted the need for more robust instruments to measure nurse tendency to be satisfied with his/her job. Additionally, Judy (2010) explored job correlation between job satisfaction and workload which was expressed in terms of increase of feelings of workload stress. And she recommended hospital administrators to decrease nurses' workload In order to understand the concept of job satisfaction, how it can be assessed, and its implications on personnel recruitment and retention it is important to agree on some of the most frequently used definitions of job satisfaction. Hoppock (1935) defines job satisfaction as the combination of psychological, physiological and environmental factors that determine employees to consider themselves satisfied with their job. In other words, job satisfaction is affected by a series of internal and external factors.

Spector (1997) defines job satisfaction as employees' liking or disliking different aspects of their jobs, such as their workplace environment, relationships with peers and superiors, pay scale, nature of work, schedule, and others. In accordance with this approach, employees can manifest job satisfaction in some of their job's aspects, and dissatisfaction in others. Another theory is expressed by Vroom (1964) and refers to job satisfaction defines as affective orientations from the individual towards the roles he is expected to play at work.

An interesting theory that describes job satisfaction is proposed by Davis et al. (1985) and is considered being the positive and negative feelings combination expressed by employees on their work. What this theory brings in addition to other theories is the relationship between job satisfaction and the level on which employees' expectations are met by their job.

One of the theories that consider…

Sources Used in Documents:

Saudi Arabian nurses' job satisfaction levels have been studied also by El-Gilany and Al-Wehady in 2000. The objective of the study was assessing nurses' job satisfaction and determining the factors that could increase it. The sample was of 233 nurses. Data was collected through a self administered questionnaire. The majority of respondents stated that they are satisfied with their workplace and the assigned roles. The study also revealed the fact that in order to improve job satisfaction several factors must be improved, like social attitude towards the nursing profession, and providing more comfortable working conditions.

Strategies for Recruiting and Retaining Saudi Arabian Nurses

Improving job satisfaction is an important factor that affects nurses' decision to change work


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