Teaching English as a Second Language in Middle School
The teaching of ESL (English as a second language as countered to as a language that is foreign) has usually been a specialized activity that is experienced by, if not preserved for, individuals that are conventionally mentioned to as native speakers that are native English. Since there are now a lot more nonnative language ESL teachers than there were before, the area of ESL, when likened to other subjects of this type of academic, has become rather distinct in manifestations of what its teaching staff can bring with them into the teaching arena. One feature of ESL teachers' experience that has a huge influence on student knowledge is ESL teachers' education. An overabundance of findings in general education has searched the effect and nature of the information teachers is possessing, who are a somewhat homogeneous group that is inside each topic area (Kumaravadivelu 2003). Nevertheless, exertions in the instruction of English as a language appear relatively lacking. Differentiating the variety in ESL teachers' information, this planned study hopes to fill the gap and contribute to a better understanding of the composition of ESL and rather or not it is effective in middle school education.
In the remainder of this proposal, I will first discuss educational research in general as well as in which is followed by a thorough examination of the research design for the suggested study.
Research Questions and Hypothesis
The central question or hypothesis that is addressed in this study is: Is Teaching English as a Second Language in Middle school effective? Fixed in the different ESL instructional settings and associated to the matter about is teaching English as a second language effective in middle school? This study will address include the following research questions that will guide this study:
RQ1. What types of teacher strategies do middle school teachers perceive as being the most prevalent in their respective middle schools?
RQ2. How are ESL teachers working with middle school students similar and/or different in terms of the arrangement of their knowledge?
RQ3. What role does professional preparation play in middle school ESL teachers' knowledge base?
RQ4. What role does middle school teachers' own language learning experience play in their knowledge base?
Qualitative Research Design
The design of qualitative research is perhaps the most is most adaptable of the many experimental techniques, encompassing a diversity of recognized structures and methods. Qualitative techniques are very useful when a subject is too difficult to be answered by just a basic no or yes hypothesis. These forms of purposes can be much easier to carry out and plan. Again, they are very useful when it comes to making budgetary decisions that really have to be taken into account.
This qualitative study will be utilized to examine the effectiveness of English as a second language in middle schools. The purpose of the study will be to learn if Teaching English as a Second Language in Middle school is effective? The research design, description of phenomenological research, participants, instrumentation, and data processing and analysis will be discussed in this chapter.
The qualitative phenomenological research design is going to be the suitable technique for this study because of the purpose of the study. The key question that will be addressed in this study will be: What are the teachers' and counselors' perceptions about teaching English as second language with middle school students' academic achievement as well as about ways to see what can be done to make sure that it will be a fruitful?
For this research design for this study, the research questions, steps that will be towards determination of the research questions, application of these measures, and their end results have to be considered (Yin, 2009). In this qualitative design, people in the study will be asked to relate their experiences so that their perception of the occurrence can be understood. The asset of this technique will lies in the capability to "deliver multifaceted textual explanations of how people have experienced a given research situation" (Gatbonton 2006). All the way through this technique, the human part, comprising of human feelings, views, views, beliefs, and behaviors, of the research problem can be emphasized.
A benefit of qualitative research is the use of open-ended questions that will present chances for the participants that are contributing to freely show their answers in their own words ( the emic viewpoint) rather than have them enclose from secure selections as is the case in quantitative examination ( the etic viewpoint). Open-ended questions will ensure that the responses have connotation and are culturally pertinent. Similarly, for the reason that the results cannot be predicted by the researcher, they can deliver a richer, saturated viewpoint.
Nature of Phenomenological Research
The phenomenological strategy will be appropriate for the study, since the goal of a phenomenological design is to intensify information of considerable specific interactions that are rooted in the unique explanation of experience in the framework of a specific condition (B. & . Johnston 2005). In the qualitative, phenomenological study, an adapted Van Kaam system documented by Moustakas will be exploited. The adjusted Van Kaam approach is a procedure of review of phenomenological statistics, which will be employed to gain accounts of the way people usually sense. (Moustakas).
In this case, the perceptions of teachers and students on the impact of teaching English as a second language will be examined. The benefit of working a phenomenological technique is to increase knowledge with respect to the real, modern matters such as an ESL program in middle schools. The phenomenological approach is used when research assumes a thorough examination of attending to the participants' account of their recent personal involvements. In addition, it is also be used to see if the subjective point-of-view of a group that is employed there, which would be the teachers in the school setting that are selected. Phenomenological approach focuses in on highlighting the significance that is accredited to what the people have knowledgeable (Creswell, 2002).
Furthermore, Drisko (2008) stated that a qualitative question research method is a really good association for educational research determinations since it is arranged to report and to understand difficult and comprehensive means in their realistic atmosphere.
The hermeneutic phenomenological design can also be utilized in the analysis to stress on donors and their comprehensions during a discussion connecting to participations that they have lived throughout. (Creswell, 2004). Hermeneutic science inflicts the capability of reading a writing so that the significance and point behind appearances are completely comprehended (Borg 2001). Hermeneutics are constructed formed on preceding permit and practices continuing forward into the current, for the reason that a human act delivers a means for comprehending and understanding cultural conduct (Gatbonton 2006).
To attain the purpose of the study, teachers that are working at five public middle schools at a specific school district in will be interviewed in person by the researcher. Those that are participating will be around 10 teachers and maybe 10 students. Teachers and students will be invited to contribute which will be based on the following standards:
1. Presently working at any of the public middle schools that are within the region.
2. At least 3 years of experience working as a teacher.
3. Teacher or counselor serving Grades 6, 7, or 8.
4. Over 18 years of age.
The participant one on one interview will be the main data collecting device in the study. The interview procedure will comprise open ended questions will deal especially with how the effect of English being a second language is perceived by teachers and students. The semi-structured interviews will contain of open-ended questions and will be consumed to answer the research questions that are rendering to the shadowing scheme.