Cuba, Central African Republic, Iran, Myanmar
Regulation and Transparency
Climate - Tropical with trade winds; wet season May to October and dry season November to April
Area 110,860 sq km
World rank in area:107
world rank 80
Government: Communist State
UN, UNESCO, WHO,WTO
Poor extractive performance. Service industry about 75% of the economy. 21.5% of GDP is in the industrial sector and 3.9% in agriculture. GDP in purchasing power parity is $132.9 billion and climbing, ranked 80 in the world.
The three blue bands are divisions on the island (central, east, west).
The white bands symbolize the purity of independence.
The white star in the red triangle is La Estrella Solitaria (the Lone Star).
Not Free, Civil Liberties score 6/7, Political Rights 7/7.
CPI Score 47/100
CPI Rank 62/180
Weak transparency for government monopolies.
Per capita GDP is stagnant at $11,900 (2016 est.), ranked 131 in the world.
Dependency ratio 43.3
Life expectancy 78.8, ranked 57 in the world
Health expenditures ranked 12th in the world at 11.1% of GDP.
Literacy: Male 99.9%, Female 99.8%
110.7 births/1,000 population (rank 184 in the world)
8.7 deaths/1,000 population (rank 74 in the world)
Very little FDI. Not member of the World Bank.
Cuba has had restrictive regulatory environments, slowly changing but growing private sector
United States sanctions detrimental to economy.
Political Rights 1/40
One party system, but citizens vote for national assembly.
Corruption and inefficiencies in government.
Office holders are all PCC party members.
No ethnic/geographic/religious divisions in politics but Castro family dominates upper strata of politics
Central African Republic
Landlocked country in central Africa. Borders Cameroon, Chad, DRC, Republic of Congo, South Sudan, and Sudan.
Area: 622,984 sq km
(rank 46 in world)
Former French colony.
Independence in 1960.
Government: Presidential Republic
Climate Tropical with dry winter and wet summer.
World rank 115
Memberships: IMF, UN, WHO, WTO
GDP purchasing power parity: $3.395 billion (ranked 185 in world)
Per capita GDP $700
Lucrative mining industries (gold and diamonds)
Exports: $118.5 million total, mainly coffee, timber, cotton, diamonds.
Flag: Combines French colors (red, white, blue) with pan-African flag colors (green, red, yellow). Red is blood spilled for independence, blue is freedom, white is peace and dignity, green is hope and faith, yellow is tolerance. The star is future aspirations
Not Free, Civil Liberties
Political Rights 7/7
CPI Score 23/100
Government controls diamond trade.
Instability, frequent coups.
$323-$700 per capita GDP.
Life expectancy 52.8 years (rank 217 in world)
LiteracyTotal population 36.8%
34.3 births/1,000 population
13.2 deaths/1,000 population
Political Rights 4/40
A coup in 2013 has changed things, although officially there is a direct election and French model of law.
Lawlessness throughout, especially…leaders are frequently taken prisoner or held under house arrest.
Southeast Asia. Also called Burma.
On Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal.
Capital Rangoon and Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)
Climate Tropical Monsoon.
Area 676,578 sq km
World rank 41
World rank 24
Government: Parliamentary Republic, based on English common law.
IMF, UN, UNESCO, WHO, WTO
GDP purchasing power parity: $330.9 billion
GDP per capita: $6,300
By sector GDP 40% services, 25% agriculture, 35% industry
Agriculture and wood are primary exports, but also natural gas.
Recent economic reforms have introduced foreign direct investment but growth is slow.
Flag: Three horizontal stripes, yellow, green, and red.
National symbol is a mythical lion called Chinthe.
Song: "Kaba Ma Kyei"
Partly Free, Civil Liberties
Overall Freedom 5/7
Political Rights 5/7
CPI Score 30/100
Easing of regulatory environment and attempting to stop corruption.
However, transparency remains an issue and government regulations do continue to pose trade and development barriers.
Human rights problems: denial of Rohingya citizenship, leading to their fleeing into Bandladesh
No freedom of assembly, and poor womens rights.
GDP $6,300 per capita
Life expectancy for total population: 68.2 years
Literacy total: 75.6%
Male 80%, Female 71.8%
18.1 births/1,000 population
7.4 deaths/1,000 population
Government has consistently used ethnic divisions in a divide-and-rule fashion. There are well over 100 different ethnic groups with 68% the Burman (Bamar) people. There is n
Political Rights 5/7
The political rights situation has improved, although the military still operates without much oversight or checks on its powers.
Uvin and McFaul make sound arguments using political comparison as the key to their studies. Uvin uses evidence of all aspect of political life in his three case study countries, such as elections, the population, and the role of the military. He then takes his case studies, compares them, and finds the pattern that links them all to each other. Once the pattern is identified, he illustrates how this pattern can be looked at in much
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