Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Research Paper:
Behavioral and Cognitive Consciousness and Cognitive Behavior Treatment
In this modern era, technology has made us its slave. Life has never been this flexible and convenient bringing efficiency and speed too. The technology has certainly altered our methods of communication, socializing, entertainment and maybe the way we behave. In this research paper, both popular sources and scholarly sources will be employed to discuss the possible effects of video gaming on youth. The evidence is irrefutable while the popular opinion is different and favors gaming. Video games are alleged to cause violent behavior while society believes that different factors are at play.
Video games appeared in the entertainment industry 65 years ago. It was a simple 'Cathode ray tube amusement device' completely changed the way gamers play games today. There are multiple gaming platforms. These platforms are diverse ranging from computers, video game consoles, smart phones and arcade games which host these video games. These days, the video games have combined with the technology, providing high definition graphics and sound to the gamers delivering real life experience in a virtual gaming environment.
But, now there is an elephant in the room apparently. It's becoming a controversial issue. Video games are alleged to spark violent behavior in the young generation. This issue has elevated during the past many decades. The prime concern here is that gaming sparks violence and aggression in the youth which will become visible in the society soon enough.
However, the exponents of gamers voiced that games elevate competitiveness in humans, which can cause such irrational behaviors. Gaming is not the one to blame. The results of their hypothesis were not concrete, as violence due to video games was more accepted.
Video games sparked a new interest in the government ranks, policy makers and researchers, not to mention general population. This being said, video gaming is a two way street. On the bright side, the educational video games certainly raise IQ level and teach a gamer new tricks and tips whilst providing a greater learning edge. On the dark side, the violent video gamers are bound to show more aggressive tendencies in comparison to TV and cinema. All of this started way back in the 1990's when such violent and aggressive games were introduced. Since then the children and youth took interest in such games participating actively of their own accord. This unprecedented independence wasn't available to them before. Popular games (not named) gives money for killing innocent pedestrians, hijacking police and public cars and killing whores on the streets at random by using a variety of weapons such as baseball bat, swords, flamethrowers, knives, hands and not to mention a plethora of guns. Every controversial subject has its merits and demerits. The supporters propose that gaming vents out the anger of young generation and averts them from using violence in real life. The naysayers propose that video games spark violence and feelings of anger in real life visible to society. They think that they learn a lot of violence as brain as a tendency to learn.
In this research paper, one scholarly article and three mainstream sources will be shown which voices video games as hazardous to young generation. Then, one scholarly article and three mainstream sources will refute the claim as dismissive.
In the words of Tiffany Kaiser of Daily Tech, 'Those who hadn't played violent video games didn't show active brain activity to violent picture (Kaiser, 2011)'. There isn't any explanation as to why there is a violent streak in video gamers. Researchers working in University of Missouri's Department of Psychology have discovered that brain less and less respondent to violence subsequent to sustained exposure to it. The researchers made use of 70 adult participants who played violent and nonviolent video games for half an hour. After the gaming session, they were asked to view pictures with relative violence level to measure their brain response. All the participants were permitted to select their own voice level while killing an enemy. The noise level decided their level of aggression. This means that players who indulge in violent games were prone to be more hostile than those who played nonviolent games (Kaiser, 2011).
Mike Ferlazzo from Futurity News writes that, 'playing violent video games develops a violent streak in children making them more violent and angry, irrespective of their race, caste, creed, age and nationality' (Ferlazzo, 2012). One research team made use of 'meta-analytic procedures' to work out and derive conclusions from relative literature to connect the dots with video games to violent tendencies, anger issues and feelings of a gamer. They studied 130 reports which comprised of 130,000 participants all over the world; they drew the conclusion that video games did spark violence in gamers. This aggressive attitude though not that extreme should be watched by parents at the same time (Ferlazzo, 2012).
Stephanie Darral from DailyMail has written that 'violent video games can make gamers much more aggressive than they were before' (Darral, 2011). Research has shown that some segments of brain are rendered useless as the brain shapes up in a new way. This leads to antisocial and dysfunctional behavior. Scientists working in Indiana University School of Medicine performed a group test on 22 men along with MRI scans. Half of those 22 men were asked to play violent video games while other half remained put. The results were brought in as indications were clear as daylight. The gamers mind had altered completely. The results were disorientating. On the other hand, when gamers put an end to gaming, their brain became normal once again (Darall, 2011).
From a scholar's standpoint, they certainly agree on the negative repercussions of 'video gaming represses real life violence'. It means that after indulging in violent video gaming, they will certainly become less and less distant to real life violence. Experiments were done in this regard by measuring their pulse rate, heart rate as well as brain response to violence when they were shown a violent ten-minute video. The gamers who played violent video games as well as those who played nonviolent video games had different responses to that video. Violent video gamers showed no elevation or quick heart rate. Meanwhile, the nonviolent video gamers heart rate, pulse rate and brain activity shot through the roof (Marko, 2011).
There are a great many arguments that violent video games elevate the violent behavior and aggressive factor, but there are certainly some contradictions. As an article states from Science 2.0, that violent video games can actually vent out their stress of youth smoothly. The researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have taken 1,254 gaming kids in perspective and found out how well and efficiently they were managing their anger, stress and irritations from daily life. The gaming kids were proud to say that their daily life angers, frustrations and stress was relieved due to long hours of gaming. In the end, the research pointed out the fact that the youth crime rate has fallen exponentially. The connection was made to video games obviously (as cited in Marko, 2011).
Cheryl Clock working for St. Catharine's Standard thinks that aggression elevates from playing vicious video games which raises the level of competitiveness, the difficulty level and speed of action. A Brock PhD student of psychology named Paul Adachi thinks that other aspects of gaming should also be taken in consideration. He thinks that research which linked aggressive behavior to violent behavior certainly didn't take level of competition in perspective at all. Paul Adachi then conducted research on video games which were violent and then played nonviolent games. The difficulty level, speed of gaming and level of competiveness was also taken perspective. He researched on 50 participants and had them play a violent video game for fifteen minutes and tested their level of aggression. The results turned the tables as both nonviolent video gamers and violent video gamers were having equal level of aggression within them. The research remains inconclusive as there are quite many video games which elevate aggression level (Clock, 2010).
While doing this research, it was found out that differences exist between popular sources and that of scholars. Their opinions are diverse and depend on the author of the source. In case of the scholarly sources, the authors are experts in their field. They have their reputation with personal information well listed everywhere. But, in case of popular sources, the writers are often freelance writers, students and non-qualified individuals with articles not signed. The scholarly articles have their designated audience (thesis students, researchers and scholars); their job is to furnish evidence of their research. While the popular sources have their own niche which comprises of general audience reading current news, entertainment news and summarized viewpoints.
The difference lies in the presentation of scholarly and popular sources. They are poles apart for that matter. The scholarly articles are generally well furnished with graphs, tables, estimates and technical analysis on the subject at hand. The research done is on a…[continue]
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The second way is that individuals, specifically children can become desensitized to violence. This is because, daily exposure to violence may make one lose their emotional impact on them. Apparently, when one becomes emotionally numb, it becomes easier for them to engage in violence (Harding). The General Aggression Model This is a model that attempts to explain both the development of aggression an individual differences in susceptibility to the influence of
" (Eagleheart, 2000) Eagleheart (2002) notes that violence does constitute a primary concern for children, particularly in schools. Rather than contributing video games as a cause of violence in children, she encourages educators and others to look deeper and consider that violene has goals; that the particular goal will depend on the individual. At times, goals of violence may be evident, conscious choices from a child is playing now wants. Other
Winning a game activates a cerebral reward center, in a way that 'teaches' players to be violent in a Pavlovian way, so the players associate acting violently with gaining a reward. This thesis has been supported by recent MRI scanning research examining the brains of children who have just played violent video games: "A new study employing state-of-the-art brain-scanning technology…say that brain scans of kids who played a violent
Methodology The methodology that will be employed in this study will be a desk survey of existing studies. The data complied by the studies will be analyzed, as will be the processes and methodology used in those studies. The data compilation and yield will be discussed in comparison between studies, and an attempt will be made to take the information and use it in an overall presentation that shows that the
Video Games, Violence and Aggression The Effect of Video Games on Violence and Aggression Numerous arguments over video games primarily center on topics such as sexism, nudity, racial profiling, sex and criminal behavior as well as other provocative material. Many conflicting results have been brought out of research and study of the relation between video games and its assumed effects of violence and aggressive behavior. Here, aggression is defined as behavior intended
exciting about video games is you don't just interact with the game physically -- you're not just moving your hand on a joystick, but you're asked to interact with the game psychologically and emotionally as well. You're not just watching the characters on screen; you're becoming those characters. Nina Huntemann, Game Over Violent Video Games: Do they Cause Violent Behavior? Disasters such as school shootings in Colorado and in other academic institutions
Thee children, when socializing with their friends, invariably mimicked those violent characters they saw in the video games. While concluding, these researchers, pointed out that if children continued to play these kinds of violent and aggressive video games, then it is highly likely that negative and anti-social behavior becomes a norm for them (Nicoll and Kieffer, 2005). In one study carried out by Williams and Skoric (2005) revealed that gamers