Cultural Differences of Adolescent in the United States
The United States, ever since the time when its history began, has been an accumulation of different cultural patterns who took refuge here for independence in expressing the thoughts. Resiliency or adaptability is featured as a phenomenon of fruit yielding adaptability in spite of difficult or intimidating surrounding. In this paper we shall analyze the cultural differences among adolescents in the country. In 1996 Gordon discovered that adaptable young men have concrete self-confidence in their realizing capabilities and concrete sentiments of association in the school surrounding as against their non-adaptable associates. Consistently Arellano and Padilla in 1996 discovered that cooperative families and tutors saved students from vulnerable educational surroundings. Again Liebowitz, Catellani, and Cuellar in 1999 discovered the relatively important foreseer of sexual attitude to be the persistence of morals existing betwixt the young men and their family. Outcomes threw light on the fact that interpersonal adaptability attributes are coexistent with norms, family cooperation existed the more impacting foreseers of result variants as against separate resilience attributes like direction sense of the future, self -prestige etc. (Vera, 2001, p.3)
In a particular analysis, Dr. Judith Brook at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in the city of New York made study of the level to which racial and cultural attributes impacted drug associated attitude in Puerto Rican adolescents. There was an interview held by her and her counterparts in which 275 males and 280 females aged 16 to 24 were considered. The research probed the volunteers to portray the significance in their lives of cultural and racial attributes such as the analysis of Hispanic holidays and their customary patterns, choice for communicating in Spanish and English, sentiments of bondage to their racial section, racial attachment of their associates, and the credibility positioned on the family. Also the volunteers replied to probing portrayed to study their individual danger of drug abuse, these danger attributes were comprehensive of application of drugs by parents of fraternity, counterpart use or persistence of drug abuse, cognitive ability of the danger of drug abuse, and the access of illicit drugs in their surroundings. The volunteers were divided into phase of drug abuse. There existed no particular drug abuse, usage of liquor or tobacco only, usage of marijuana but exclusive of other illegal drug, or made use of illegal drugs excluding or in comprehensiveness to marijuana. Other analysis has studied racial address in alienation, not as a reacting segment of a youth's cultural and social gist, Dr. Brook interprets. It was required by us to pinpoint the level to which racial and cultural factors might lessen danger attributes or develop saving attributes and give rise to lesser level of drug use. There was a discovery that concrete racial address performs in such a way as to release some dangers, giving rise to mitigate the use of drugs. (Brook, et al. 1998, p. 1435)
For instance, strong pinpointing with Puerto Rican cultural patters releases drug dangers as father's drug abuse, counterpart tolerance of drugs, and the ready access to drugs. Pinpointing with Puerto Rican associates releases dangers related to tolerance of family towards drug use and drug accessibility, Dr. Brook pinpoints. Racial pinpointing also is servile to intensify the influence of safety attributes, Dr. Brook pinpoints. For instance, amidst participants whose counterparts were not in anyway drug abusers, among those with an impacted Puerto Rican attachment were prominently bearing the semblance of a lower phase of drug abuse as against those whose attachment was mitigated. In an associated analysis that had the focal point on late adolescent African-Americans who lived in New York City, Dr. Brook and her counterpart discovered a semblance of interaction betwixt the racial and cultural pinpointing pinpoint like acknowledgement of African-American history and orthodox pattern, association with African-American counterparts, or involvement in African-American cultural patterns such as Kwanzaa had an interaction with other attributes to mitigate risk or to improve safety. In exclusiveness, few specific attributes of ethnic label have a part as chief influences on drug abuse. As such, they interact in association with family, personality, or counterpart impacts to mitigate the opposite influence of dangerous attributes and enlarge the positive credential of safety attributes, pinpoints Dr. Brook. In constitution, the analysis with Puerto Rican and African-American population's pinpoints out the significance of building racial label within drug programs, Dr. Brook says. It can serve as an added credential of drug abstention programs in societies and can also be carried out in separate treatment programs. (Brook; Whiteman; Balka; Win; and Gursen, 1998, p. 246)
In yet another analysis, Dr. Tooru Nemoto and his counterparts at the University of California, San Francisco, have pinpointed signs of drug use amidst Asian drug users that are characteristic to race, gender, age, group, and immigrant status. Huge and may racial analysis have not differentiated betwixt Asian racial sections, Dr. Nemoto observes. The chief goal of the study was to portray the signs of drug use in Chinese, Filipino, and Vietnamese sections and to study the association betwixt cultural attributes and drug abuse among the groups. The study in San Francisco was on the basis of an amount of interviews with 35 Chinese, 31 Filipino, and 26 Vietnamese drug abusers and those who were not taken up for the treatment. Everyone of the volunteer had made use of illegal drugs at a level exceeding three times per week and during the past 6 months. Generally, immigrants and women made a representation of 66% and 36%, in respective numbers. Anyhow, every one of the Vietnamese was immigrants. Generally, participants who had a native of U.S. started using drugs at a very early age of 15 years as against immigrant Asians aged 19 years and bore a close semblance than the immigrants to apply more than one drug. Overall, women began drug application at around the same age as men approximately 17.5 years but racial sections portrayed a different sign. (Nemoto, 1999, p. 72)
Chinese women started before at 15.2 years than Chinese men at 18.5 years. Filipino women started applying drugs at a later stage at 15.5 years than Filipino men at approximately 13.1 years. Vietnamese women in the analytical began drug application after 27.8 years as against Vietnamese men at 19.9 years. Dr. Nemoto and his counterparts pinpointed variations in drug application among the racial sections. Filipino drug implementers bore a close semblance to have started drug implementation with Marijuana, while Vietnamese drug implementers in the analysis frequently began with crack or powder cocaine. Chinese and Vietnamese bore doubly the semblance as Filipinos to be applying crack as their recent chief drug. Filipinos bore the semblance four times to be applying heroin as against Chinese and Vietnamese. Filipino analysis of the volunteers bore the semblance as against Chinese or Vietnamese to have injected and bore fewer semblances to be smoking drugs. There were also prominent variations in the feature of drug applier network amidst the racial sections. For instance, Filipinos bore the semblance doubly as against Chinese or Vietnamese volunteers to apply drugs in sections that was comprehensive of members of other races or racial sections. These sections amidst ethnic sections have primary allusions for the means programs portrayed are targeted at Asian drug appliers, Dr. Nemoto pinpoints. Abstaining programs should pinpoint the common features among Asian drug appliers such as hurdle related with injection drug use, but we should also be meticulous to build attributes that are separate to each aimed group. (Nemoto, 1999, p. 75)
Latinos constitute the speediest evolving racial sections in the United States. In the next two decades, experts have made an assessment that the amount of Latino teens will evolve by 60% while the average teen populace will evolve by eight percent. By the end of 2020, every single one in five teens will turn out Latino. (National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 2001, p.4) Latina teens, evolving betwixt two different cultures, may undertake each element, thus enhancing a two cultured identity. Rarely, the regulations and anticipations of these different cultures can experience tussle, generating tension between traditional parents and their bicultural children. For instance, bicultural Latina teens may look out to emphasize their freedom, arising from tussle with many parents' traditional cultural values of interdependence and mutuality. If orthodox parents make effort to inculcate their norms on their children, bicultural Latin youth may have sentiments of being cut off.
Based on culture between Latino youth and their parents may stretch the parent child association and mitigate the potential for open communication. Adding up to the difficulties all young men face during the time of change to adulthood, social, cultural, economic, and biological attributes impact the state of Latina adolescents health. Many of these attributes may replace Latinas at danger, while others my help in saving their health. The intricate interaction of these attributes can also influence Latina teen's life preferences, elasticity and evolution. As rates of teen pregnancy have had a sharp fall all through the racial sections in the past 10 years,…