Module 05 Question 01: explain the rationale behind the federal government's approach to regulatory containments in food.
The federal government's approach in relation to the regulation of the containments in food, aims at protecting the consumers on food insecurity through elimination of food pathogens. It is the role of the government to enhance the health system and conditions of its citizens through adoption and implementation of various rules and regulations in relation to the containments in food. The food supply of the United States integrates multi-faceted production system and delivery components. Some of the critical or essential components of this system include production, processing, preparing, packaging, labelling, distribution, and consumption of the food components (Fortin, 2011).
There is a risk in relation to the concept of each stage of the food supply system in the context of the United States. This makes it ideal for the Federal government to adopt and implement various regulations with the aim of regulating containments in food consequently eliminating citizens' exposure to the risks at various levels of the food supply system. There is also globalization of the food supply systems. In order to enhance health conditions and safety of its citizens, the government of the United States need to focus on the regulation of the food supply system with the aim of minimizing containments in food. This is a reflection that the regulation is vital in the promotion of health awareness and safety consequently an essential and appropriate component of the development of the economy of the United States. There is need to integrate evolving attitude of the individuals in relation to food safety.
This is because of the great attention on the food security consequently the need for the adoption and implementation of accurate legislations towards minimization of the containments in food. Another aspect of the integration of the regulations on the containments of food is the increase in the concepts of the genetically modified food components as a reflection of technology. Living organisms applicable in the realization of the goals and objectives of this agricultural technology are threats to the development and growth of human beings through deterioration of the health conditions of the citizens.
It is the duty of the government to offer maximum protection to the government on the issues or organisms contributing towards realization of the goals and objectives of this agricultural technology. It is vital for the federal government to integrate effective measures towards elimination of food threats leading to the opportunity to enhance the level of food safety. This is an indication of quality and appropriate health campaign towards the achievement of a health organization and society. The regulations aim at minimizing or preventing transmission of diseases from person to persons hence reducing food contamination with pathogens from individuals, pests, and pets.
Module 05 Question 02: give examples of "potentially hazardous foods." (Those most frequently associated with outbreaks of bacterial food borne diseases.)
"Potentially hazardous foods" are foods kept in relation to certain temperatures with the aim of minimizing multiplication of any food-poisoning bacteria present in the food leading to minimization or prevention of the formation of toxins in the food. Such food has the ability to contain food poisoning bacteria requiring multiplication in large numbers in order to cause food poisoning. The food has the ability to facilitate multiplication of the food-poisoning bacteria. This is an indication of the role of temperature in enhancing multiplication of the food-poisoning bacteria. It is ideal to maintain temperatures at below 50C or above 600C to minimize the growth of the infectious microorganisms in food (NSW Food Authority, 2008). Some of the examples of the potentially hazardous foods include
Raw or cooked meat such as poultry or game
Foods containing raw of cooked meat such as curries, lasagne, and casseroles
Dairy products: milk, custard, custard tarts, and unbaked cheesecake
Small-goods in the form of Devon, chicken loaf, and ham
Seafood with the exclusion of the live seafood: this include foods such as seafood salad, fish sticks, stews, and soups
Cooked Pasta and rice
Foods containing eggs, nuts, beans, and protein-rich foods such as fresh pasta, soy bean products, and quiche
Processed fruits and vegetables
Foods containing the illustrated foods such as sandwiches, uncooked/cooked pizza, and rolls
Such foods require maintenance in relation to certain degree of temperature in order to eliminate multiplication of the food-poisoning bacteria leading to enhancing health safety of the consumers.
Module 05 Question 03: Are you in favour of meeting U.S. energy needs through increased reliance on nuclear power? Defend your answer.
I am in favour of the implementation of the nuclear power in meeting the United States' needs. This is because of various benefits or effectiveness in the implementation of the nuclear power or energy to the environment and individuals. Nuclear plants are effective and efficient in the production of large amount of energy or electricity hence the provision of about 2 GW of power to the context of the United States. It is also essential to note the aspect of minimal fuel units applicable in the production of large amount of energy through the nuclear plants. This will enable the United States to reduce its cost on the concept of energy or electricity while expanding objectives of rural electrification (Dickes 2013).
There is no need to focus on interruptions of power supply in case of application of the nuclear power towards meeting the needs of the United States. This is because of the presence of uranium, which is a reflection of power for this reason the opportunity for the United States to address and meet its objectives hence fostering economic development. This level of reliability in relation to power supply is vital for the development of the economy consequently enabling the nation to meet its essential and critical goals and objectives. There is protection of the environment through lack of emissions of the greenhouse gases. There are minimal greenhouse gases in the process of mining of the uranium. Despite this notion, it is essential to note the minimal levels of the greenhouse gases in comparison to burning of the fossil fuels. Efficient mining and transportation of uranium is essential for the realization of carbon free nuclear power enabling the United States to focus on the protection of the environment. It is essential to note accessibility of the nuclear power or uranium unlike the case of oil. It is also effective to note that nuclear plants are safer in comparison to burning of fossil fuels (Rogner 2010).
This relates to the minimal number of deaths under the influence of nuclear power. It is also ideal to note on the influence of the nuclear power in minimizing food-poisoning organisms in the food processing and preparation systems. Nuclear power will be vital for the increase in the health safety and security of the United States' citizens consequently promoting economic development and social growth. This makes it ideal for the United States to meet its goals and objectives or needs (Dickes 2013).
Module 06 Question 01: What is meant by the "Greenhouse Effect"? What are the problems that might result from a global warming trend?
Greenhouse effect is process through which short wavelengths in relation to visible light from the sun have the ability to pass through transparent medium and undergo absorption while longer wavelengths with reference to in-fared re-radiation from heated objects are incapable of penetrating the medium. There is increase of heating consequently high global temperatures under the influence of trapping of the long wavelength radiation. Greenhouse effect is a result of the implications of the greenhouse gases into the atmosphere hence reducing the rate at which the planet losses in-fared radiation to the outer space. This makes the lower surface of the atmosphere and the earth to be warmer than the normal or expected levels because of the lack of opportunity to release sufficient energy to the outer space (Gareca et al., 2012).
This is a reflection of the concept of man-made greenhouse effect through activities such as burning of fossil fuels, industrialization, and deforestations. There is the concept of natural greenhouse effect under the influence of water vapour and clouds. This lack of ability by the planet to lose energy to the outer space under the influence of greenhouse effects eventually leads to the concept of global warming. This relates to the increase in the levels of the average global temperatures hence a reflection of climate change (Gareca et al., 2012).
There are various negative influences of global warming hence implications on the development of human beings, animals, and plants. One of the essential effects of global warming is changes in the climatic conditions and weather patterns. This is through realization of rapid drought because of the increase in the global temperatures. There is increase in the number of fire incidences in relation to wild-land under the influence of the global warming. There is increase in the negative implications on the health of the individuals. Global warming is an…