Health Promotion Term Paper

Length: 10 pages Sources: 15 Subject: Health Type: Term Paper Paper: #28197192
Excerpt from Term Paper :

Health Promotion

The absence of illness does not thoroughly explain "Health", it can as well be described as wellness of the body and mind. More technically, health can be defined from two perspectives -- bodily and psychological health. A state of well-being due to regular exercises, adequate nutrition, sufficient rest, sensitivity to signs of sickness and when to seek help is referred to as Physical health. A person's fitness is showcased by his/her body make-up, cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular stability, and adaptability. Mental wellness refers to psychological and emotional welfare.

As defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO), mental health is "a state of wellness in which an individual discovers and harnesses his abilities, make headways regardless of stress encountered in life, can complete tasks adequately and profitably with substantial end product, and also contributes immensely to the uplift of his or her locality." (Nordqvist, 2015). A means of enabling people to take charge of their health is through Health promotion. It encompasses a broad range of social and ecological interventions which are intended to be of tremendous help and protection to an individual's life not just by concentrating on treatment and cure for illnesses but also preventing their root causes.

Health promotion has 3 essential elements:

1. Good health leadership: For health promotion to thrive, it demands that policy makers from every government department see health as a focal point of the government's policy. This implies health must be the first factor considered in all decision-making processes and policies that counteract illness and injuries to people be prioritised. These policies has to, however, be in line with private sector impetus alongside public health goals without neglecting laws that encourage healthy and safe urbanisation by enforcing traffic laws, cutting down water and air pollution and creating a safe environment in the cities (World Health Organization, 2016).

2. Health Literacy: To make appropriate health decisions, people require information, knowledge and skills. Also, they must be granted the freedom to take these decisions and be guaranteed an environment where they are free to ask for more policy actions aimed at improved health (World Health Organization, 2016).

3. Healthy Cities: The role of a city in promoting excellent health is important. Passionate and dedicated leadership at domestic levels is integral to healthy Urbanisation and improving precautionary measures in grass root health care systems (World Health Organisation, 2016).

Health promotion involves empowering communities and their people as well as establishing broader sociopolitical means targeted towards improving health. Due to these supplements of health promotion, nurses can now be an integral part of this healthcare delivery methods' reform, improvement of societal wellness and attending to the health requirements of domestic communities (Raingruber, 2017).

The Post-Puberty period is a significant one because of the hormone-caused and cognition-driven changes, especially, changes in the lifestyle and attitude towards health issues among youths. During this time, the totality of an individual's health systems tend to be unpredictable and adolescents often experience depression, anxiety, psychological problems and they regularly complain of lower levels of life satisfaction and health. Additionally, a decline in mental health shows a negative relationship with healthy behaviours and a positive one with the use of illicit substances capable of inducing negative health issues in adult life.

This is saddening because maintaining a healthy adolescent life could be subject to attaining a stable psychological equilibrium. Habits which risk health such as drinking, ingesting illicit drugs, use of sedatives, unsafe sex, lack of fitness and bad diet are only found in low levels among adolescents who are trying to make something out of their lives (Brassai, Piko & Steger, 2011).

Involvement of youths in physical activity is of utmost interest to education and health professionals. The health benefits of physical activity are not limited to a reduced probability of becoming overweight but also, improved emotional wellness. For example, physically active children tend to attain an elevated level of self -esteem and stay in good shape. Academic benefits of physical activity include improved academic performance and

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However, it is proven that a lot of young individuals lack physical activity thereby missing its associated benefits. The declined in physical activity levels starts before high school education and deteriorates through classes in high school.

The factors responsible for physical activity among youngsters has been studied to acquire understanding about factors that explain participation in physical activity (Page et al., 2005). Parental support for school-related issues, loneliness, students' evaluation of school and their peers as a precursor for knowledge acquisition and alteration, and moments with friends are all important factors in predicting risk behaviour that students exhibit. Factors associated with school levels refers to policy components of health promotion that includes: school regulations, interventions, student participation, and parental engagements. The educational system impacts students by establishing an extensive and standardised structure to which youth have a place until the age of 18. The role of educational institution in providing a proper education has been the primary focus of research; but, school is additionally an imperative structure from the health point of view and may function as a platform for propelling health problems, potentially influencing students' health demeanors and practices (Tesler, Harel-Fisch, & Baron-Epel, 2016).

According to planned models of health advancements and education, the college principal is charged with the responsibility of incorporating intervention schemes and executing health changes all through the school. Thus, the principal's perspective, administration, and strategies directly affect the improvement and outline of a reasonable health conduct culture to be embraced by students and their instructors. Health promotion policies in colleges vary in line with the necessities of the particular institution; a school may take to the bullying phenomenon, underline issues of mental wellness or prioritise appropriate dietary patterns as well as consumption of health improving foods.

Observations from a case study named Bonnie reveals that the manner with which an adolescent in the early phases of psychological alterations approaches his/her health issues is critical. This individual may, however, be incorporated into ecological and socio-organizational health advancement levels. This is fundamental to accomplish the best outcomes that will see her recapture her vitality and enthusiasm to return to playing dodge ball. In a view to understand Bonnie's condition, it is important to start off with the individual level. This will be helpful in assessing the best technique to tackle her case (Tesler, Harel-Fisch, & Baron-Epel, 2016).

To maximise protective elements, prevention and proactivity on psychological illness, a complete turnaround from less proactive diseases models which treat symptoms only when they surface, is required. For our situation, we will concentrate on means of preventing depression that for focuses on improving psychological wellness and hamper the occurrence of depressive issues in adolescents (Gladstone, Beardslee & O'Connor, 2011). Depression in adolescents is an overwhelming condition that results in educational dysfunction, social and psychological distress.

Bonnie's state of depression requires care and attention. Hence, the SMART goal of this piece. The use quality index can help improve the substandard situation. To comprehend and handle Bonnie's situation, a few health advancement exercises should be integrated within the depression management techniques. In the first place, Bonnie's parents need to keep track of her situation. Enforcing preventive interventions in colleges is appropriate for many reasons. Depression in kids and adolescents is an essential issue from a public health viewpoint: statistics have shown that 2.5% of children experience depression while it is 8.3% in adolescents with high recursive rates, which mostly result in poor psychological, social and academic outcome, and is related to an aggravated likelihood for other mental issues. Additionally, 30% of adolescents experience depressive disorders that fall short of the class of symptoms of depression that are clinically relevant (Cuijpers et al., 2014).

At the peak of depression for adolescents, they tend to avoid friends, stop taking part in activities they have always enjoyed and usually, getting a poor grade. If a depressed teen is just moody or irritable for the maximum of about two days, it is still acceptable, but if by any chance the symptoms appear coupled with insomnia, loss of appetite, or fatigue, and it is recursive every day then, expertise of a professional must be sought after which might require consulting a psychiatrist. Therapy is however seen by teens as an embarrassment and punishment, so they will definitely not seek special treatment for adolescent depression alone (Vann,2010).

Treating depression by discussing it with mental health provider is called psychotherapy. In a more general term, it is referred to as talk therapy. Depression can be effectively treated with diverse kinds of psychotherapy such as psychological, behavioural treatment or interpersonal treatment. Psychotherapy might be done one-on-one, with relatives or in a gathering. Teens can be educated through open sessions about depression, its causes, how to identify it and find better approaches to adapt and initiate behavioural adjustments or feelings. They also thought how to set realistic objectives, recapture a sense of bliss and self-control, devise means to ease symptoms of depression such as displeasure…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Boundless, 2016. Research Methods for Evaluating Treatment Efficacy - Boundless Open Textbook. Boundless. Available at: https://www.boundless.com/psychology/textbooks/boundless-psychology-textbook/treating-psychological-disorders-19/introduction-to-the-treatment-of-psychological-disorders-99/research-methods-for-evaluating-treatment-efficacy-382-12917/ [Accessed June 27, 2017].

Brassai, L, Piko, B, & Steger, M 2011, 'Meaning in Life: Is It a Protective Factor for Adolescents' Psychological Health?', International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 18, 1, p. 44, Advanced Placement Source, EBSCOhost, viewed 27 June 2017.

Cuijpers, P. et al., 2014. EU-Compass for Action on Mental Health and Well-being. PREVENTION OF DEPRESSION AND PROMOTION OF RESILIENCE. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/mental_health/docs/ev_20161006_co03_en.pdf [Accessed June 27, 2017].

Gillham, J.E. et al., 2012. Preventing Depression in Early Adolescent Girls: The Penn Resiliency and Girls in Transition Programs. Handbook of Prevention and Intervention Programs for Adolescent Girls, pp.124 -- 161.


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