Yes, the Oedipus complex aspect of Shakespeare it gives us and which in turn invites us to think about the issue of subjectivity, the myth and its relation to psychoanalytic theory. (Selfe, 1999, p292-322)
Hemlet and Postcolonial theory
Postcolonial theory was born as a result of the publication of the famous work of Edward Said, Orientalism (1978). This theory claim that some authors (Paul Gilroy, Achille Mbembe, Francoise Verges, etc.) and that seem so elegant in its formulation, in my opinion raises three fundamental problems: At a time when we are witnessing the emergence of new expressions of colonialism (colonialism, cultural, political and economic globalization, neo-colonialism nestled in the relationship between the hegemonic colonial past and their old colonies, colonialism in disguise that structure the relationship between international institutions and developing countries, institutions from the rest behest of the former colonial powers according to their interests), speak of post-colonial era seems a utopia. (Elsaesser, 1998, p9-26)
At a time when some thought and creative dynamic scramble to raise new concepts to identify the problems of today, new concepts that go beyond the usual talk of post-colonial era seems redundant, boring and not very inventive. (Miller, 1997, p11-18)
The school intends to study postcolonial "engaging postcolonial" as exceeding colonial studies (African studies, for example) and as an over the political discourse of decolonization discourse, according to Verges (2005, 88-89) Limit analysis of political and cultural societies formerly colonized an indictment of colonialism. (Baetens, 2007, p226-38)
The name given by Freud in "Oedipus Complex" was based on Sophocles' play Oedipus Rex. This complex is the set of hostile feelings and death wishes of rival or parent of the same sex, and sexual desires towards the opposite sex parent, generating a non-differentiation between self and other. (Aragay, 2005, p88-96)
Internalization becomes the process by which relations between people in relationships are transformed, that is what is reproduced above was taken in the individual psychic agencies such as the relationship of authority between father and son becomes on SUPER YO-YO, which lays the groundwork for instance lead to a social or collective in the relationship between the self and the ego ideal. (Balides, 2000, p139-60)
Now, having made the above caveats and considering that Freud demonstrated the importance of sexuality to humans through the development of his personality theory is that we want ourselves to the study of the tragedy of Oedipus Rex and Hamlet.
The psychic apparatus has two ends, one sensitive and one that ends with conscious motor activity. As the player who dominates the external world, the psychic apparatus of the individual dual matches the shape of one's subjectivity, also mixed. (Elliott, 2003, p52-59)
The censorship that is in it selects everything that can happen to consciousness and motor activity there to be mediated from the structure and socio-historical. The historically determined I play the role of repressor, making their own foreign domination, limiting thinking, feeling, acting, its own desire of being. (Hall, 2001, p166-76)
Now the Greek tragedy of Oedipus, the constitution of the primitive horde and alliance fraternal mediated killing of father in law both make us look like from Freud includes the resolution of the Oedipal duel in the family, the power despotic internalized subjectivity rather than as domination and appropriation of a previous collective power. (Collins, 2002, p117-28)
The fact that the father appears as the external and absolute law is determined by the external system, which thus ensures domination and obedience of subjects. Thus institutions are inserted into the child's subjectivity and will continue to adults through schools, family, economy, state and religion as a form consistent with this structure have so internalized the subjects. (Miller, 1997, p11-18)
Hemlet, Sexuality and Queer Theory
Peripheral sexualities are those that pass through the frontier of socially acceptable sexuality: heterosexual, monogamy between persons of the same age and class, with practices soft sex, sadomasochism rejecting the exchange of money and sex change. In contrast, peripheral sexualities resistance is based on traditional values, and the ASU- transgression many times the price you have to pay is the social rejection, discrimination and stigma. In response to the marginalization that is present in all social institutions, from family to educational spaces and labor, the theory Queer try to change the direction to...
(Doyle, 2002, p45-49)
In short, in the Oedipal myth, murder the father implies the possibility of access to the enjoyment of the mother, since that father acts in the eyes of the child as a law of prohibition, is not erroneous perception by the child, as the father wants to separate from the mother and to do so carries out different types of mechanisms in each of the members (mother-son). So much so that Freud to figure this opens a space more than tragic drama, giving a high density situations that are not perceived as such. (Hermann, Edward and Noam, 2002, p52-56)
In the case of Hamlet, he feels he lives in a world of deception and corruption, that feeling is confirmed by the murder of his father and unbridled sensuality of his mother. (Miller, 1997, p11-18) The dominant feature of his character is an immense love for his mother, an exaggerated love. It was the little boy loved his mother more painfully jealous than a lover, Hamlet does not have an incestuous relationship with his mother but potentially more incestuous. The latter is what sets Sophocles' play of Shakespeare, the theme of the potential of incest, the first concrete and symbolic in the second. (Cahir, 2006, p74-79)
Therefore, we can say that to some extent, Freud reconstructed the oedipal childhood episodes of every human being from the plot of Oedipus Rex, where extracted, the idea that the child wants his mother (hence in the tragedy is home with her) and to keep it must eliminate his rival (thus killing the father). Not knowing is killing the father may be symbolically representing the repression of the idea because of its culpogeno. Similarly, tearing eyes once learned the truth could be representing the negation of the crime and committed incest. (Miller, 1997, p11-18)
Hamlet despises his mother as object of his desire and his father and of his jealousy. The embodiment of this double feeling is Claudio, which overwhelms insults and throughout the piece. Despite this deeply Hamlet can not blame her uncle for a crime he committed himself dreams. However, one might ask is why Hamlet continues to evoke his mother in the most sensual or despise the king by his lust? One possible answer is because incest is obsessed.
In this order of ideas and to "close" this issue, we can say that unlike Sophocles' tragedy in Hamlet we see is the drama of desire. Because according to Lacan began to understand that in this work the Oedipal drama is open to beginning and no end, as Hamlet crime known to exist. So much so that from the beginning he must choose: "to be or not to be" is what gives us the base of the style of his position. (Jenkins, 2006, p154-88)
Hamlet: Theater and Aesthetic Construction of Subjectivity critical analysis
Aesthetics as Emmanuel Kant (1724-1804 is the science that studies and investigates the systematic source of pure feeling and its expression: art. But understand that art is no exception to the values and the way they were understood by the following questions what is the intended purpose of man? And what is the goal to which they aspire and which performs certain acts in its cultural life? We say that man made the culture because it conquers a purpose considered valuable. (Aragay, 2005, p88-96)
So what is the value itself is considered as worthy of conquest, first because they transmit from generation to generation and secondly because the value is the content of culture is something that man seeks, yearns and seeks win in their task, although it should be infinite. Returning then the concept of aesthetic for Kant, is that we say that for him had to do with aesthetic theory of perception, theory of power to have perceptions or sensitivity theory as a power to have perceptions. (Miller, 1997, p11-18) However, today it is usually interpreted as a theory of aesthetics of art and beauty, though without neglecting (because illogical) the philosophical sense that makes this science in the explanation of art as a cultural manifestation. (Collins, 2002, p117-28)
But not only includes art pottery, blacksmithing, pottery, tapestry, woodwork, embossing and mosaic art forms that have to do with what is known as industrial-utilitarian art. The art also includes painting, sculpture, architecture; music, dance, theater, opera and literature are obviously arts par excellence, since they are the ones that create the full range of aesthetic values no purpose to create them. Focusing on the literature, the cultural baggage that it brings is critical to building critical thinking but also to the deepening of the sensitivity of the reader.
Unlike painting and sculpture, where we already see an image and our task is…
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