Effect of Forgiveness on Health Thesis

Excerpt from Thesis :

forgiveness on human health. In its simplest form, the purpose of the study is to evaluate human psychological stress that might constitute a risk factor for heart disease. Further, the study will also evaluate the impact of forgiveness on heart disease. However, such a simple dissertation clearly demands further definition. What, exactly, do we signify when we speak of heart disease? What is properly considered as forgiveness? What impact does forgiveness has on human psychology? What is psychological and psychosocial aspects of the heart disease, as well as, is there a dependable relationship amid forgiveness and heart disease? Finally, a myriad of questions may be asked about the pathophysiological mechanisms that mediate the relationship between acts of forgiveness and its presumed endpoint, whether it slows down the progression of heart disease or recuperates from the heart attack.

The following thesis has taken assistance from leading scholarly sources in the field, as mentioned in the bibliography. All the sources utilized evaluate and present their substantiation in academic publications. From a chronological standpoint, this paper might be seen as a unique thesis highlighting the impact of forgiveness on human health, particularly the heart.

Rationale Of the Study

This dissertation mirrors the effort to explain and confer an area that has not concerned much attention until very lately. Even though the scientific society is commencing to become conscious of the importance of forgiveness for human health, the particular beginnings of and risk factors for, heart disease are hardly ever measured in great detail. This is predominantly factual for behavioral, as well as, psychosocial and psychological factors. Consequently, a major portion of the thesis measures a more complete review of behavioral risk factors and diagnostic and prognostic factors, which are of specific interest for heart disease. This shall greatly assist in evaluating the impact of forgiveness on human health and heart diseases.

Aims and Objectives Of the Study

This thesis aims to study the impact of forgiveness on human health. Further, this study will highlight the impact of psychological and psychosocial factors on heart disease. This dissertation focuses on significant modern research topics related to the basic psychological mechanisms, psychosocial factors, developmental aspects, and mental health factors in the relationship between forgiveness and heart disease. Previous researches on this topic have included a general discussion of the concept of stress and heart disease; the interaction of behavior with biological procedures; the role of stress in the development of disease and mental disorders all through different stages of life; and the role of biopsychosocial factors in four of the most common health problems: cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and the AIDS epidemic.

For several decades, the buildup of research findings bearing on the impact of psychological and psychosocial factors such as stress, anger, and hostility on the human health was adequately positive to conclude that it was an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). This paper briefly highlights the findings of these researches and then studies the impact of forgiveness on the human health.

This dissertation is focused on the role of biobehavioral and social factors of the heart disease, which is the leading cause of death in industrialized countries (i.e., heart disease). Although previous researches have dealt with these issues briefly, this thesis provides an in-depth look at current, as well as, the past research dealing with the impact of forgiveness on the human health; the impact of stress, anger, hostility on the human health; psychological and psychosocial viewpoint of forgiveness, stress anger and the heart disease.


This paper addresses and evaluate the impact of forgiveness on human health, particularly the impact of forgiveness on the heart. The paper starts by defining forgiveness and by focusing on various psychological viewpoints on forgiveness. It draws upon psychological models of interpersonal forgiveness, as well as, post conflict situations. Subsequently, the paper evaluates psychological and social factors, which play a direct role in organic and inorganic heart disease. Five main variables influencing the heart disease are evaluated. These variables are recognized as likely psychosocial risk factors for heart disease: acute and chronic stress, hostility, depression, social support and socioeconomic status. These analyses are extremely critical since it will lay a sound foundation for the assessment of the impact of forgiveness on health, particularly the heart disease. Consequently, the third section evaluates various studies conducted to reveal the impact of forgiveness on human health. The dissertation has been organized in a very systematic manner. Research studies have been structured in such a way that the paper can provide a thorough and comprehensive review throughout the paper. Subsequently an analytical discussion is organized. The discussion is based on the impact of forgiveness on human health and the society at large. Further, results of the analysis of the all research studies conducted in the thesis are reviewed. The paper concludes by highlighting the benefits of forgiveness and the steps necessary to heal the pain.


The conception of forgiveness has started to be progressively connected with the modern world. However, the theory of forgiveness was previously rejected as an inappropriate religious perception in a political and capitalist human race. After the Second World War, the world has broken into aggressive wars and unrelenting low level clashes, its prospective for curing civil society has started to be determined in media, both popular, as well as, academic examination.

In spite of this augmented outline, forgiveness might be one of the least understood, as well as, potentially essential actions necessary for the human civilization to completely fracture the series of aggression. The meager information that it is being measured or talked about entails that tremendous anguish has taken place. Given that the most dreadful actions of religious, emotional, as well as, physical aggression have taken place amid the same persons enforcing to reconstruct a culture subsequent to clash, it is rational to inquire, how is forgiveness achievable? Is it essential for settlement? And most prominently, how do previous enemies discover a way to exist together once more?

Forgiveness" as a word may be as difficult to define as the word "love." However, just like love, forgiveness has an aspect of the inspiration, or inexplicable that, regardless of all efforts, it cannot be much understood. According to Brakenhielm (1993) the part of the complexity in defining forgiveness is for the reason that it is vague.

Also, there are many perceptions of forgiveness and not just one. He has also stated that in order to define what forgiveness is, apart from what it is not, it is not done easily. However, the discussion below would give an overview of how this complex concept may be comprehended from the psychology and theology perspectives.

Defining forgiveness is approximately as challenging as shaping its function in settlement. The conception of forgiveness was for a long time almost completely connected with the speech of religion. It engaged a high-flying element in the early traditions of the New Testament as an authoritative social, as well as, individual action, however, forgiveness rarely, if ever, reached an impressive position in the principles that the church required to acclaim to its worldly congregated civilization. The Protestant reorganization, in addition, struggled to integrate a socialized shape of forgiveness, however, reinforced the conception of the authority of the divine over human forgiveness, highlighting the association amid the individual with a superior power rather than amid other human beings (Shriver, 1995). Inside Judaism human impersonates divine forgiveness and believes forgiveness to be an ethical responsibility (Enright, 1992).

John Bowker highlighted that approximately all the religions have their personal observation, as well as, understanding of anguish and compensation. Each can be distinguished as setting the juncture for some structure of forgiveness. The Islamic approach is inclined to look for justice as a means of referring peace, forgiveness, as well as, reconciliation (Goleman, 1997). Buddhists started from a sense of self that desires to be liberated from distress and considered praiseworthy of experiencing contentment. Followers recognize the reasons of both anguish and pleasure, and vigorously follow the ones leading to happiness as a means to stay away from distress and psychological sufferings (Shriver, 1995).

A more politically centered understanding of forgiveness portrays forgiveness and expectation as a resource of introducing a novel commencement by transforming social, political, as well as, economic edifices on a nationwide level. It has been explained as a cooperative rotation from the history that neither disregards the earlier period evil nor pardons it. Forgiveness neither fails to notice justice nor decreases justice to vengeance, however, maintains on the kindness of enemies even in their charge of unkind activities, as well as, appreciates the justice that reinstates political community on top of the righteousness that damages it.

In 1992,…

Sources Used in Document:


Adler NE, Ostrove JM. 1999. SES & health: what we know and what we don't. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 896:3-15

Ahern DK, Gorkin L, Anderson JL, Tierney C, Hallstrom A, et al. 1990. Cardiac Arrhythmia Pilot Study (CAPS) investigators: biobehavioral variables and mortality or cardiac arrest in the Cardiac Arrhythmia Pilot Study (CAPS). Am. J. Cardiol. 66:59-62

Am. Psychiatr. Assoc. 1994. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington, DC: Am. Psychiatr. Assoc. 4th ed.

Anda R, Williamson D, Jones D, Macera C, Eaker E, et al. 1993. Depressed affect, hopelessness, and the risk of ischemic heart disease in a cohort of U.S. adults. Epidemiology 4:285-94

Cite This Thesis:

"Effect Of Forgiveness On Health" (2004, January 22) Retrieved June 5, 2020, from

"Effect Of Forgiveness On Health" 22 January 2004. Web.5 June. 2020. <

"Effect Of Forgiveness On Health", 22 January 2004, Accessed.5 June. 2020,