The attitude of parents which came across as more authoritative, uncompromising, uncooperative and unaffectionate does result in higher levels of depression in the subject. Even though parental authority was required for disciplining the adolescents, it was the accentuated sort of antagonistic authority that resulted in higher levels of depression as well as increased the possibility of clashes and irritation. The fact of the matter is that in most occasions when the adolescent did not respond simultaneously to the overt and hesitant disapprovals and authority of the parents, it decreased with the passage of time.
Apart from these confined parenting approaches there were some peripheral, indirect and distant parenting approaches that brought about depressive inclinations in the adolescent as well. One of these indirect factors was the personal happiness and contentment of the parents within their own relationship or familial or financial situation. While positive growth of this child was also dependent upon the personal happiness of the parent and their work load (e.g., development of secure infant-mother attachment), the opposite turned out to be true.
Of course, parenting methods, whether confined or not, have had the kind of influence that the personality of the child allows or is susceptible to. This simply means that the personal traits of the adolescent also caused depression when combined with a few peripheral elements. Most of the unpredictable behavior adopted by this adolescent had been recognized to lead to depressive inclinations and subsequent social demeanor inappropriateness.
The economics and financial span of the families also played a part as a cause in the level of depression. Since she was part of a financially poor family she was sent to a poor-quality school, which basically meant that she was going to be studying in a discouraging ambience with very low sense of importance or integration. Another truth for this financially deprived family is that they had to survive in a society where the unemployment and crime rate was high and her parents found it hard to safeguard her from being exposed to them. These experiences eventually led to negative perceptions of the self and the personal futures which also increased depression. There was also evidence that her higher depression levels were caused by the discomfort and stress levels of her parents. This financial strain and stress led to unhealthy familial ambience and also led to both depression and marital disturbances. The link that has been formed between the financial strain and her depression levels was mainly led by the attitude of her parents who under the economic strain acted insensitively, aggressively, uncooperatively, and erratically.
Another aspect that caused depression and low self-confidence in the subject was her individual health and those of family members. As an adolescent she viewed her health as less than what was needed which ultimately led to higher levels of depression. Her depression levels also made her an introvert and she gave herself lesser opportunities to have normal or consistent peer exchanges which also led to social isolation and consequently depression.
It is clear that this individual has been subject to higher levels of depression and low self-esteem. She can be treated in a number of ways; for instance, counseling, psychotherapy, drug therapy, residential treatment, prevention and community support. Bearing in mind the theories and diagnostic and treatment information learned, I believe that counseling is the method with which this issue can be addressed. However, it is important that at the outset; this individual should consult her doctors and inform them about the following:
How she feels about not only herself but also about her current situation.
Any symptoms she might be experiencing like; lack of appetite, feelings of tiredness all through the day, having problems getting to sleep and waking up from sleep, having little to no interest in sex, or feelings of anxiety and stress.
Those symptoms that trouble her most; and those symptoms that trouble her least.
About additional mental or physical health problems she is facing, as well as, her prescription and non-prescription drugs.
Once the counselors have understood her background she should then listen attentively and follow closely to everything that she is asked to do (Chorpita, 2000).
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